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Article

P. G. M. Dickson

revised

Barclay, David (1682–1769), merchant, was born in Ury, Scotland, on 17 September 1682, the second son and second child in the family of three sons and four daughters of the Quaker apologist Robert Barclay (1648–1690), of Ury, and his wife, Christian (c...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by Philip Carter

Browne, Edward (d. 1730), merchant, was born in Cork, the son of James Browne. He later moved to Sunderland, where he served his apprenticeship and later became prosperous in overseas trade. In 1727 he built himself a substantial residence that was adjoined to several other houses for the captains of his ships and other persons in his employment. The building afterwards became the custom house for the port of ...

Article

Champion family (per. c. 1670–1794), metal manufacturers and merchants, came to prominence with Nehemiah [ii] Champion (1649–1722), son of Nehemiah [i] Champion (b. 1614). As a merchant dealing countrywide in iron goods, and a Quaker from about 1670, Nehemiah [ii]...

Article

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Article

Claypoole, James (1634–1687), merchant and pioneer settler in America, was born in December 1634 at Northborough Manor, Northamptonshire, the ninth of the fourteen children of John Claypoole or Claypole, a yeoman farmer, and his wife, Mary Angell, the daughter of a wealthy London...

Article

Coddington, William (1601?–1678), merchant and official in America, was born in Lincolnshire and may have been the son of Robert Coddington (d. 1615) of Marston, Lincolnshire. At the tender age of twenty-nine, while still in England, he was elected an assistant or magistrate of ...

Article

Cropper, James (1773–1840), merchant and philanthropist, was born at Winstanley, Lancashire, the son of Thomas Cropper and his wife, Rebecca, née Winstanley. The Croppers were birthright members of the Society of Friends and small-scale farmers. James, however, was sufficiently ambitious to leave home at the age of seventeen to become apprenticed to ...

Article

Cumming, Thomas [nicknamed the Fighting Quaker] (d. 1774), merchant, is of unknown birth and parentage. He was a private merchant engaged in the African trade. During a business voyage he made the acquaintance of King Amir of Legibelli (South Barbary), whom he found well disposed to British enterprise, and who, being exasperated with the French, had actually begun a war against them. The king requested the British to protect his trade, and on condition of receiving the sole trading rights ...

Article

Elam, Gervase (1681–1771), merchant and Quaker minister, was born on 3 October 1681 at Heath, Skircoates Moor, Halifax, the only child of John Elam (1639/40–1730), a card-maker, and his second wife, Katherine (d. 1682) of Kendal, daughter of Gervase Benson of Borratt, Sedbergh...

Article

Forster, Edward, the elder (1730–1812), merchant and antiquary, was born on 11 February 1730 in London, eldest of the four sons of Thomas Forster (1698–1743), merchant, and his wife, Dorothy (1710–1763), daughter of Benjohan (Benjamin) Furly, a Rotterdam merchant of Colchester Quaker forebears. ...

Article

Fox, Robert Were (1754–1818), merchant and industrial entrepreneur, was born on 5 July 1754 in Fowey, Cornwall, the second of the five sons of George Croker Fox (d. 1807) and his wife, Mary. The Foxes were a Quaker family holding a long-established and significant position in Cornish commercial life. As mine owner, merchant, and shipping agent, ...

Article

Furly, Benjamin (1636–1714), merchant and religious writer, was born on 13 April 1636 at Colchester, Essex, the fifth son of a linen draper, John Furly (c.1590–1673), later alderman and mayor of Colchester, and his wife, Ann. He was admitted to Colchester School...

Article

Haistwell, Edward (c. 1658–1709), merchant, was the son of Thomas Haistwell of Orton, Westmorland. An active Quaker, he was at the age of nineteen or twenty employed as an amanuensis by George Fox, the founder of the Society of Friends. During this engagement, lasting from March 1677 to June 1678, he accompanied ...

Article

Hanbury, John (1700–1758), merchant, was born at Llanfihangel, Monmouthshire, on 15 August 1700, the son of Charles Hanbury (1677–1735) of Pant-teg, and his wife, Grace (d. 1710), widow of Jenkinson Beadles. The Hanbury family had been active in the Society of Friends...

Article

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Article

Hanbury, Sir Thomas (1832–1907), merchant and gardener, was born at Bedford Road, Clapham, Surrey, on 21 June 1832, the third of five surviving sons and one daughter of Daniel Bell Hanbury (1794–1882), pharmaceutical chemist, and his wife, Rachel, née Christy (1802/3–1876). Daniel Hanbury (1825–1875)...

Article

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Article

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Article

Harford, James (1734–1817), iron and tin plate manufacturer and merchant, was the son of Truman Harford (1704–1750), merchant and manufacturer, and Mary Taylor of Baldock, Hertfordshire, and grandson of Charles Harford (1662–1725), a merchant, of Bristol [see Harford family]. He developed a powerful network of tin plate- and iron-making interests and was the foremost among many ...

Article

See Harford family