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James Abercromby (1706–1781) by unknown artist © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Abercromby, James (1706–1781), army officer and politician, was born in Glassaugh, Banffshire, the son of Alexander Abercromby (1677–1728), laird of Glassaugh, politician and army officer, and his wife, Helen Meldrum. With his father's assistance he became commissioner of supply and justice of the peace in ...

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Andrews, John Miller (1871–1956), prime minister of Northern Ireland, was born on 17 July 1871 at Ardara, Comber, co. Down, the eldest child in the family of four sons and one daughter of Thomas Andrews DL, flax spinner, also of Ardara, and his wife, ...

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Anstruther, Sir John, fourth baronet and first baronet (1753–1811), politician and judge, was born on 27 March 1753 at Elie House, Elie, Fife, the second son of Sir John Anstruther, second baronet (1718–1799), politician, and his wife, Janet Fall (1727–1802), daughter of James Fall...

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Ashley, Sir Anthony, baronet (1551/2–1628), politician and translator of The Mariners Mirrour, was the eldest son of Sir Anthony Ashley of Damerham in Hampshire, a cadet of the long-established Ashleys of Wimborne St Giles (Dorset), and Dorothy, daughter of John Lyte of Lytes Cary (Somerset)...

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Aylmer, Matthew, first Baron Aylmer of Balrath (d. 1720), naval officer and politician, was the second son of Sir Christopher Aylmer (c.1615–1671), first baronet, of Balrath, co. Meath, and his wife, Margaret, née Plunkett (d. 1671). In 1672 he entered the regiment of the ...

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Baker, John (1660–1716), naval officer and politician, was a son of James Baker (d. before 1666), a mariner of Deal, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. after 1715). He was appointed second lieutenant of the Woolwich on 14 November 1688, became captain of the ...

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Balfour, Sir James, of Pittendreich (c. 1525–1583), politician and legal writer, was the eldest son of Sir Michael Balfour (d. 1577) of Mountquhanie in Fife, and Joneta Boswell. He may have been educated at St Andrews in 1539 or 1540, when he would have been about fifteen years old, and was at ...

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See Barclay, Robert, of Ury

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Barnardiston, Sir Samuel (1620–1707), politician, was born on 23 June 1620, the third son of Sir Nathaniel Barnardiston (1588–1653) and his wife, Jane Soame (d. 1669). He was twice married, first to Thomasine (d. 1654), daughter of Joseph Brand of Edwardstone, Suffolk...

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Isaac Barré (1726–1802) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1766 private collection. Photograph: The Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art

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Barré, Isaac (1726–1802), army officer and politician, was born in Dublin on 15 October 1726, the only son of a merchant, Peter Barré (d. 1776), and his wife, Marie Madelaine, née Raboteau, both Huguenot refugees. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin...

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Beauclerk, Vere, Baron Vere of Hanworth (1699–1781), naval officer and politician, was born on 14 July 1699, the third son of Charles Beauclerk, first duke of St Albans (1670–1726), the illegitimate son of Charles II and Nell Gwyn. His mother was Lady Diana de Vere (...

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H. M. Chichester

Reviser Jonathan Spain

Bligh, Thomas (1685–1775), army officer and politician, was born on 15 January 1685, the second son of Thomas Bligh (c.1654–1710) of Rathmore, co. Meath, Ireland, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1737), the daughter of Colonel James Naper, of Longhcrew, co. Meath...

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Bourchier, Sir John (c. 1595–1660), politician and regicide, was the second but eldest surviving son of William Bourchier (1559–c.1631) of Beningborough, and his wife, Katherine (c.1565–1623), daughter of Sir Thomas Barrington of Hatfield Broad Oak, Essex. He was descended from a family of Norman extraction, a branch of which had settled in ...

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See Bowles, Phineas

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Brereton, William, third Baron Brereton of Leighlin (bap. 1631, d. 1680), politician and natural philosopher, was baptized on 4 May 1631 at Brereton, Cheshire, the eldest son of William Brereton, second Baron Brereton (1611–1664), and his wife, Lady Elizabeth (d. 1687), daughter of ...

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Browne, Sir Samuel (b. in or before 1598, d. 1668), politician and judge, was the son of Nicholas Browne, vicar of Polebrook, Northamptonshire and prebendary of Peterborough, and Frances, daughter of Thomas St John, third son of Oliver, Lord St John. He was admitted pensioner of ...

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See White Conduit cricket club

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Caldwell, Sir Benjamin (1739–1820), naval officer and politician, was born in Liverpool on 31 January 1739, the third son of Charles Caldwell (1707–1776), solicitor to the customs in Dublin, and Elizabeth Heywood (1709–1792). Andrew Caldwell was his eldest brother. In 1754 Benjamin Caldwell...