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Bader, Ernest (1890–1982), chemical manufacturer and industrial reformer, was born in Regensdorf, Switzerland, on 24 November 1890, the youngest of thirteen children of a protestant farmer, Gottlieb Bader, and his wife, Barbara Meier. He was expelled from school at the age of twelve and went to work as a menial in a ...

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Grant, Charles (1746–1823), director of the East India Company and philanthropist, was born in March 1746 at Aldourie farmhouse, Glen Urquhart, his mother's home, on Loch Ness in Inverness-shire in the highlands of Scotland. He was the third of seven children born to ...

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Leonard Horner (1785–1864) by unknown artist Heriot-Watt University Archive

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Horner, Leonard (1785–1864), factory inspector, geologist, and educationist, was born on 17 January 1785 at St George's Square, Edinburgh, the third and youngest son of John Horner (d. 1829), a wealthy whig linen merchant, and his wife, Joanna, née Baillie. In his youth his circle of acquaintances included ...

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Jarrett, Rebecca (1846–1928), prostitute and social purity activist, was probably born in London on 3 March 1846, the youngest of thirteen children whose father had a rope-walk and shop off the Old Kent Road. Claiming public attention during just one year, when she was co-accused in 1885 with ...

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Inez Jane Mary McCormack (1943–2013) by Brian Thompson, 2010 © Brian Thompson / Press Eye

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McCormack [née Murphy], Inez Jane Mary (1943–2013), trade unionist and human rights campaigner, was born on 28 September 1943 at 11 Lower Crescent, Belfast, the daughter of Francis Cecil Murphy, a self-employed printer, and his wife, Margaret, née Sterritt, a nurse. She had an older brother, ...

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Smith, Erasmus (bap. 1611, d. 1691), merchant and educational benefactor, was the son of Sir Roger Smith (1570/71–1655) of Husbands Bosworth, Leicestershire, and his second wife, Anna (1585/6–1652), daughter of Thomas Goodman of London. He was baptized on 8 April 1611 at Husbands Bosworth...

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Walker, Sir Andrew Barclay, first baronet (1824–1893), brewer and benefactor, was born at Auchinflower, Ayrshire, on 15 December 1824, the second son of Peter Walker (1795–1879) of the Fort brewery, Ayr, and his wife, Mary (d. 1846), eldest daughter of Arthur Carlaw...