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Anstruther, Sir John, fourth baronet and first baronet (1753–1811), politician and judge, was born on 27 March 1753 at Elie House, Elie, Fife, the second son of Sir John Anstruther, second baronet (1718–1799), politician, and his wife, Janet Fall (1727–1802), daughter of James Fall...

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Atkyns, Sir Edward (1587–1669), judge, was born at Hensington, near Woodstock, Oxfordshire, the son of Richard Atkyns and his wife, Eleanor Marsh. He was admitted to Lincoln's Inn on 5 February 1601 and was called to the bar on 25 January 1614. In 1630 he became a governor of the society and two years later an ‘autumn reader’. ...

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Browne, Sir Samuel (b. in or before 1598, d. 1668), politician and judge, was the son of Nicholas Browne, vicar of Polebrook, Northamptonshire and prebendary of Peterborough, and Frances, daughter of Thomas St John, third son of Oliver, Lord St John. He was admitted pensioner of ...

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Carnegie, Sir Robert, of Kinnaird (d. 1566), diplomat and judge, was the son of John Carnegie of Kinnaird (d. 1513) and Jane Vaus. He inherited the family estates in Forfarshire on his father's death. He married Margaret Guthrie, the daughter of a north-east laird, and they had at least three sons. He also had an illegitimate son, ...

Article

J. A. Hamilton

revised by Robert Brown

Clarke, Charles (c. 1702–1750), judge, was the third son of Alured Clarke (1658/9–1744) of Godmanchester in Huntingdonshire, and his second wife, Ann (1667/8–1755), fourth daughter of the Revd Charles Trimnell, rector of Abbots Ripton in Huntingdonshire, and sister to Bishop Trimnell of Winchester...

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Clive, Sir Edward (1704–1771), judge, was the eldest son of Edward Clive of Wormbridge, Herefordshire, and Aldermanbury, London, and his wife, Sarah Key, daughter of a Bristol merchant. According to family tradition, George Clive (d. 1780), barrister and husband of the actress ...

Article

Corbet [Corbett], John (1609–1670), politician and judge, was the eldest son of Richard Corbet, gentleman of Halston, Shropshire. He was educated at Shrewsbury School and entered Gray's Inn on 6 June 1627. On 11 February 1639 he was called to the bar and about November 1641 he married ...

Article

Fell, Thomas (bap. 1599, d. 1658), judge, was baptized in Ulverston, Lancashire, on 13 March 1599, the son of George Fell of Hawkeswell (fl. 1596–1614), a gentleman of an ancient Lancashire family. He entered Gray's Inn in 1623 and was called to the bar in 1631. In 1651 he was chosen a bencher of that society. By then he had established himself as a prominent lawyer and a leading judicial figure within the parliamentarian and republican establishments....

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Gifford, Adam, Lord Gifford (1820–1887), judge and benefactor, eldest son of James Gifford, administrator, and his wife, Catherine Ann, née West, teacher, was born at Edinburgh on 29 February 1820. His sister Mary married the Congregationalist minister Alexander Raleigh, and was the mother of ...

Article

Grant, Sir William (1752–1832), judge, was born at Elchies, Moray, on the banks of the Spey on 13 October 1752, the eldest son of James and Christina Grant. His father was apparently a tenant farmer who later became collector of the customs in the ...

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Gundry, Nathaniel (bap. 1701, d. 1754), judge and politician, baptized on 2 April 1701, was the only son of Nathaniel Gundry (d. 1736), merchant and twice mayor of Lyme Regis, Dorset, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Thomas Warren of ...

Article

W. A. J. Archbold

revised by Hugh Mooney

Hill, Sir Hugh (1802–1871), judge, was born at Graig, near Doneraile, co. Cork, the second son of James Hill and his wife, Mary, daughter of Hugh Norcott of Cork. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, where he took a BA in 1821, and kept two years' terms at the ...

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Robert Lynd Erskine Lowry, Baron Lowry of Crossgar (1919–1999) by unknown photographer © reserved; News International Syndication; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Lowry, Robert Lynd Erskine, Baron Lowry of Crossgar (1919–1999), judge, was born on 30 January 1919 in Belfast, the only son of William Lowry (d. 1949), lawyer, politician, and judge, and his wife, Catherine Hughes Lynd, daughter of the Revd Dr Robert John Lynd...

Article

G. G. Smith

revised by John Finlay

Oliphant, Sir William, Lord Newton (1550–1628), judge, was the second son of Thomas Oliphant of Freeland, Perthshire. He himself married Katherine Blair and they had at least six children: James, who became an advocate; William; John (a future advocate-depute); Helen; Jean; and Elizabeth...

Article

W. F. Rae

revised by Eric Metcalfe

Paget, John (1811–1898), police magistrate and author, was born in Humberstone, Leicestershire, on 14 May 1811, the second son of Thomas Paget, a Leicester banker and a man of some wealth. John Paget was involved in a bitter feud with his brother, Thomas Tertius Paget...

Article

Parker, John (fl. 1631–1680), judge, was son and heir of Richard Parker, of Shorne, Northfleet, Kent, a master of the Utter Bar and JP, and Priscilla, daughter of Robert Edolph of Hinxhill, Kent. Clark refers to a controversy between Thomas Digges and a ...

Article

G. Le G. Norgate

revised by Nathan Wells

Pennefather, Edward (1773–1847), judge, of Rathsallagh, Dunlavin, co. Wicklow, was born on 22 October 1773, the second son of Major William Pennefather (1732–1819), of Darling-Hill, co. Tipperary, MP for Cashel, and Ellen, eldest daughter of Edward Moore DD, archdeacon of Emly. He was the brother of ...

Article

G. Le G. Norgate

revised by Nathan Wells

Pennefather, Richard (1772–1859), judge, was born into a well-known Irish protestant family at Knockevan, co. Tipperary, on 25 August 1772. He was the eldest son of Major William Pennefather (1732–1819), of Darling-Hill, co. Tipperary, MP for Cashel, and Ellen, eldest daughter of Edward Moore DD...

Article

W. A. Shaw

revised by W. N. Osborough

Pepys, Richard (c. 1588–1659), judge, was born at Cottenham, Cambridgeshire, the second son of John Pepys (d. 1604) of the Middle Temple and of Impington, near Cottenham, and Elizabeth (d. 1642), daughter of John Bendish of Bower Hall, Bumpstead, Essex. Pepys...