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Born, Max (1882–1970), physicist, was born on 11 December 1882 at Wallstrasse 8, Breslau, then part of Germany (later Wrocław, Poland), the elder of the two children of Gustav Jakob Born (1851–1900), a professor of anatomy at the University of Breslau, and his first wife, ...

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George Biddlecombe

Braham, John (1777?–1856), singer, was probably born on 20 March 1777 in London. The year of his birth has often been given as 1774, but two accounts published during his lifetime—in The Harmonicon (10, 1832, 1), and in the Illustrated London News...

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John Braham (1777?–1856) by unknown artist, c. 1834 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brodum, William (fl. 1767–1824), quack, claimed to have been born in Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Germany, the son of Abraham and Caroline Brodum. This was thrown into doubt in 1805 by an article in the Medical and Physical Journal which stated that his real name was, in fact, ...

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William Brodum (fl. 1767–1824) by Ezekiel Abraham Ezekiel, pubd 1797 (after G. Barry) Wellcome Library, London

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Rudolf Peierls

revised by Xavier Roqué

Frisch, Otto Robert (1904–1979), physicist, was born on 1 October 1904 in Vienna, the only son of Justinian Frisch (1879–1949), a printer, and his wife, Auguste Meitner (1877–1951), a gifted musician who started on a career as a concert pianist but gave it up on marriage. Her sister was the physicist ...

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Ginsburg, Christian David (1821–1914), Bible scholar and missionary, was born on 25 December 1821 in Warsaw, Poland, to Baruch Ginsburgh (or Güntzberg). Little is known about his Jewish family of birth. Family tradition maintains that his parents lived in Spain before migrating to ...

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Gordon Goodwin

revised by Gerald Law

Hershon, Paul Isaac (1817–1888), Hebrew scholar, was born of Jewish parents in Galicia but converted to Christianity at an early age. As a protestant missionary he became an active member of the London Society for Promoting Christianity among the Jews in England and the ...

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Lupo, Thomas (bap. 1571?, d. 1627/8?), violinist and composer, son of Joseph Lupo (d. 1616), violinist, and his wife, Laura Bassano (d. in or before 1596), was probably the 'Thomas s[on] [of] Basanew' baptized at St Olave, Hart Street, London...

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See Lupo, Thomas

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Karl Heinrich Marx (1818–1883) by unknown photographer, 1867 Marx Memorial Library, London

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Marx, Karl Heinrich (1818–1883), revolutionary and thinker, known from student days to his intimates as Mohr (the Moor), was born on 5 May 1818 at Brückengasse 664, in Trier, a recent addition to the kingdom of Prussia, the third of nine children and only surviving son of the lawyer ...

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Lise Meitner (1878–1968) by Lotte Meitner-Graf © reserved; Bildarchiv Österreichische Nationalbibliothek

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Meitner, Lise (1878–1968), physicist, was born on 7 November 1878 at 27 Kaiser Josefstrasse, Vienna, the third of the eight children of Philipp Meitner (d. 1910), a lawyer, and his wife, Hedwig Skovran (1850–1924). Both parents were of Jewish descent, yet Meitner...

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(Jacob Ludwig) Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (1809–1847) by Eduard Magnus © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Mendelssohn Bartholdy, (Jacob Ludwig) Felix (1809–1847), composer, was born on 3 February 1809 at Hamburg, Germany, the second of four children of the Jewish banker Abraham Mendelssohn (1776–1835) and his wife, Lea, née Salomon (1777–1842). In 1811 the family moved to Berlin, where the precocious musical gifts of ...

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Olive Baldwin and Thelma Wilson

Norsa, Hannah (d. 1784), singer and actress, was the daughter of Issachar Norsa (d. 1748?), a Jewish tavern keeper. She made her stage début as Polly in John Gay's The Beggar's Opera on 16 December 1732 in the newly opened Covent Garden Theatre...

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Redlich, Josef (1869–1936), scholar and politician, was born on 18 June 1869 at Göding (Hodonin), Moravia, the second of five children and younger son of Adolf Redlich (1839–1896), sugar manufacturer, and his wife, Rosa Fanto (d. 1908). Coming from a German-Jewish family background in a rural Slav area, he was sent to ...

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Tremellius, (Joannes) Immanuel (1510–1580), Hebrew and biblical scholar, was born in Ferrara, Italy, in 1510. His parents were Jews, and he had at least one brother. In Ferrara he received a traditional Jewish education as well as a humanist training in Latin and Greek, and, when he was twenty, proceeded to the ...

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Veil, Charles Marie de (1630–1685x91), religious convert and biblical commentator, was born in the Jewish quarter of Metz, then an imperial city, but from 1648 part of France, the grandson of Jaquetiel David (d. 1679) and son of David Weil (d...