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Armine [née Talbot; other married name Holcroft], Mary, Lady Armine (1594–1676), benefactor, was born at Overton, Huntingdonshire, the daughter of Elizabeth Reyner and Henry Talbot, fourth son of George Talbot, sixth earl of Shrewsbury. She married first Thomas Holcroft and second, on 28 August 1628, ...

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Andrew Carnegie (1835–1919) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Carnegie, Andrew (1835–1919), steelmaker and philanthropist, was born in Moodie Street, Dunfermline, Fife, on 25 November 1835, the eldest of three children of William Carnegie (d. 1855), a damask linen weaver, and his wife, Margaret. After the age of eight he was educated at a Lancastrian school. Other influences on him—aside from his parents' poverty—were his family's nonconformity (his father was a Swedenborgian) and its Chartist sympathies....

Article

Francis Watt

revised by Anita McConnell

Gordon, William (1800–1849), physician and philanthropist, was born at Fountains Hall, near Ripon, Yorkshire, on 2 August 1800. He attended Ripon grammar school, and was then articled to a general practitioner at Otley. After two years he left to study medicine, briefly in ...

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Greenwood, Thomas (1851–1908), promoter of public libraries and publisher, son of William and Nanny Greenwood, was born on 9 May 1851 at Mount Pleasant, Woodley, Cheshire. His father, a yeoman farmer turned millworker and an active Chartist, died when Thomas was just five months. From the age of three he attended ...

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Groom, John Alfred (1845–1919), founder of the John Grooms charity for disabled children, was born at 6 North Street, Clerkenwell, London, on 15 August 1845, the third son of George Paul Groom (1819/20–1866), a copperplate printer, and his wife, Sarah Maria, née Wigton (1820/21–1902)...

Article

G. C. Boase

revised by M. Clare Loughlin-Chow

Gurney, William Brodie (1777–1855), shorthand writer and philanthropist, grandson of Thomas Gurney (1705–1770) and brother of Sir John Gurney (1768–1845), was the younger son of Joseph Gurney (1744–1815) [see under Gurney, Thomas] and his wife, a daughter of William Brodie of ...

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Hewley [née Wolrych], Sarah, Lady Hewley (1627–1710), benefactor, was the only daughter and heir of Robert Wolrych (d. 1661), attorney of Ipswich, Suffolk, and Gray's Inn, Middlesex. Her mother's maiden name was Mott. Her husband, Sir John Hewley (d. 1697)...

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Hobart [née Egerton], Lady Frances (1603–1664), religious patron and benefactor, was born in London, the eldest child of Sir John Egerton (1579–1649), from 1617 first earl of Bridgewater, and Lady Frances Egerton, née Stanley (1583–1636). Put under the charge of a Huguenot governess before she could talk, she acquired a lifelong fluency in French, and Reformed views on church discipline and doctrine. The latter were reinforced by her beloved father, who admonished her against Arminianism. She received religious instruction from the family chaplain, besides learning reading, writing, and accounting, sewing, and household management. She also learned to sing, play the lute, and dance, to fit her for court. There she was high in favour with ...

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Jones, Samuel (1628–1697), nonconformist minister and founder of a nonconformist academy, was born near Chirk Castle, Denbighshire, the son of John Roberts of Corwen, Merioneth. According to Welsh custom he adopted his father's forename for his surname. Nothing further is known with certainty of his immediate family, and there is no record of his early education. He matriculated at ...

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Walker, Anne (1631–1660x67), educational benefactor, was baptized on 17 April 1631 at Charlbury, Oxfordshire, the posthumous only child of James Walker (d. 1631), a wealthy yeoman, and Anne (née Eyans). Her mother married again—her new husband's name was William Pitchford—and moved to ...