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Bax, Ernest Belfort (1854–1926), Marxist theoretician and activist, was born at his parents' home, 27 Clarendon Square, Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, on 23 July 1854, the last of four children of Daniel Bax (d. 1882), a manufacturer, and his wife, Eleanor, daughter of ...

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College [Colledge], Stephen (c. 1635–1681), poet and political activist, was born in Watford, Hertfordshire, where he married and began a family. Neither the names of his parents, nor that of his wife (who probably predeceased him), are as yet known. He saw military service during the Second Anglo-Dutch War (1665–7), when he also became acquainted with another antic poet of the Restoration, ...

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Davison, George (1855–1930), photographer, political activist, and patron of the arts, was born in Kirkley, Suffolk, on 19 September 1855, the fourth child of William Davison (1816–1889), a shipwright and carpenter originally from Sunderland. His mother, Eliza, née Miller (1825–c.1900), supplemented the family income by taking in boarders, and his sisters ...

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Lucraft, Benjamin (1809–1897), cabinet-maker and political activist, was born in or near Exeter, Devon, on 28 November 1809, the second son of the eleven children of Benjamin Lucraft and his wife, Mary. He worked as a ploughboy as a youth, and was indentured as an apprentice in husbandry, but also gained experience in cabinet-making, the family trade. He had established a cabinet-making workshop in ...

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Ethel Snowden (1881–1951) by Lena Connell © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Snowden [née Annakin], Ethel (1881–1951), socialist, suffragist, and peace campaigner, was born on 8 September 1881 at Gladstone Street, Pannal, near Harrogate, the daughter of Richard Annakin, a nonconformist building contractor, and his wife, Hannah Hymas. She had at least one sister and a brother. ...

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See Speke, George

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Speke, George (1623–1689), politician and political activist, was born on 1 May 1623, the eldest son of George Speke (d. 1637), landowner, and his wife, Joan, daughter of Sir John Portman, first baronet, of Orchard Portman. Speke's ancestors were Devon knights who came into possession of the manor house at ...

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Speke [née Pye], Mary (fl. 1641–1697), nonconformist patron and political activist, was the eldest daughter of Sir Robert Pye (bap. 1585, d. 1662) of Faringdon, Berkshire, and his wife, Mary Croker. She may be the Mary Pye who was baptized at Richmond, Surrey...