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Alleyne [Allyn], Thomas (c. 1488–1558), clergyman and benefactor, was probably a native of Sudbury, Staffordshire, where he later made provision for the commemoration of his parents. A suggestion that he originated in the diocese of Salisbury and studied at Oxford seems to be without foundation. His father's name was most probably ...

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Armine [née Talbot; other married name Holcroft], Mary, Lady Armine (1594–1676), benefactor, was born at Overton, Huntingdonshire, the daughter of Elizabeth Reyner and Henry Talbot, fourth son of George Talbot, sixth earl of Shrewsbury. She married first Thomas Holcroft and second, on 28 August 1628, ...

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F. H. Brown

revised by Mark Harrison

Blaney, Thomas (1823–1903), physician and philanthropist, was born at Caherconlish, Pallas Green, co. Limerick, Ireland, on 24 May 1823. Of humble origin, he went out to Bombay with his parents when only three. Ten years later, in 1836, he was apprenticed to the subordinate medical department of the ...

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Andrew Carnegie (1835–1919) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Carnegie, Andrew (1835–1919), steelmaker and philanthropist, was born in Moodie Street, Dunfermline, Fife, on 25 November 1835, the eldest of three children of William Carnegie (d. 1855), a damask linen weaver, and his wife, Margaret. After the age of eight he was educated at a Lancastrian school. Other influences on him—aside from his parents' poverty—were his family's nonconformity (his father was a Swedenborgian) and its Chartist sympathies....

Article

Caroline Litzenberger

In 

See Cooke, John

Article

Dauntsey, William (c. 1480–1543), merchant and benefactor, was the fourth and youngest known son of John Dauntsey, esquire, of West Lavington, Wiltshire, where his family could trace its ancestry back to the mid-twelfth century, and his wife, Margery. He is to be distinguished from a contemporary namesake (...

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Ellerman, (Annie) Winifred [pseud. Bryher] (1894–1983), writer and philanthropist, was born fifteen years before her parents' marriage, on 2 September 1894 at Norfolk Villa, Harold Road, Margate, the elder child (by fifteen years) and only daughter of John Reeves Ellerman, later first baronet...

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Fisher [née Smiles; other married name Ford], Patricia, Lady Fisher (1921–1995), politician and charity worker, was born on 5 April 1921, the only child of Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Walter Dorling Smiles (1883–1953) of Portavo Point, Donaghadee, co. Down, politician, and his wife, Margaret, ...

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Gifford, Adam, Lord Gifford (1820–1887), judge and benefactor, eldest son of James Gifford, administrator, and his wife, Catherine Ann, née West, teacher, was born at Edinburgh on 29 February 1820. His sister Mary married the Congregationalist minister Alexander Raleigh, and was the mother of ...

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Gordon, Robert (bap. 1668, d. 1731), benefactor, the eldest son of Arthur Gordon (1625–1680), advocate, and his wife, Isobel Menzies, was baptized on 18 August 1668 in Aberdeen. Gordon was left an inheritance of around £1100 at his father's death, which he seems to have spent in travelling in ...

Article

Francis Watt

revised by Anita McConnell

Gordon, William (1800–1849), physician and philanthropist, was born at Fountains Hall, near Ripon, Yorkshire, on 2 August 1800. He attended Ripon grammar school, and was then articled to a general practitioner at Otley. After two years he left to study medicine, briefly in ...

Article

Grant, Charles (1746–1823), director of the East India Company and philanthropist, was born in March 1746 at Aldourie farmhouse, Glen Urquhart, his mother's home, on Loch Ness in Inverness-shire in the highlands of Scotland. He was the third of seven children born to ...

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Greenwood, Thomas (1851–1908), promoter of public libraries and publisher, son of William and Nanny Greenwood, was born on 9 May 1851 at Mount Pleasant, Woodley, Cheshire. His father, a yeoman farmer turned millworker and an active Chartist, died when Thomas was just five months. From the age of three he attended ...

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Groom, John Alfred (1845–1919), founder of the John Grooms charity for disabled children, was born at 6 North Street, Clerkenwell, London, on 15 August 1845, the third son of George Paul Groom (1819/20–1866), a copperplate printer, and his wife, Sarah Maria, née Wigton (1820/21–1902)...

Article

G. C. Boase

revised by M. Clare Loughlin-Chow

Gurney, William Brodie (1777–1855), shorthand writer and philanthropist, grandson of Thomas Gurney (1705–1770) and brother of Sir John Gurney (1768–1845), was the younger son of Joseph Gurney (1744–1815) [see under Gurney, Thomas] and his wife, a daughter of William Brodie of ...

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Herwarth, Philibert [Philibert d' Hervart], Baron von Hüningen (1644–1721), diplomat and benefactor, was born in Lyon, France, on 10 September 1644 ns, the third surviving son of Jean Henri d'Hervart (Herwarth) (1609–1675), banker, and his first wife, Marie Rosine (1616–1646), daughter of Marc Conrad de Rehlingen...

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Hewley [née Wolrych], Sarah, Lady Hewley (1627–1710), benefactor, was the only daughter and heir of Robert Wolrych (d. 1661), attorney of Ipswich, Suffolk, and Gray's Inn, Middlesex. Her mother's maiden name was Mott. Her husband, Sir John Hewley (d. 1697)...

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Hobart [née Egerton], Lady Frances (1603–1664), religious patron and benefactor, was born in London, the eldest child of Sir John Egerton (1579–1649), from 1617 first earl of Bridgewater, and Lady Frances Egerton, née Stanley (1583–1636). Put under the charge of a Huguenot governess before she could talk, she acquired a lifelong fluency in French, and Reformed views on church discipline and doctrine. The latter were reinforced by her beloved father, who admonished her against Arminianism. She received religious instruction from the family chaplain, besides learning reading, writing, and accounting, sewing, and household management. She also learned to sing, play the lute, and dance, to fit her for court. There she was high in favour with ...

Article

W. A. Shaw

revised by Shona MacLean Vance

Johnston, Robert (c. 1567–1639), historian and philanthropist, the son of an Edinburgh burgess, was born about 1567, either in Edinburgh or some part of Annandale. He attended Edinburgh University, graduating MA in 1587. He was described in later life as doctor of civil and canon law, a degree which he may have obtained at ...