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Ablett, Noah (1883–1935), miners' leader and adult educator, was born on 4 October 1883 in Ynys-hir, near Porth, Rhondda, Glamorgan, the tenth of eleven children of John Ablett, miner, and his wife, Jane, née Williams. Educated at Ferndale higher grade school, he was a boy preacher. He followed his father and elder brothers and started work in the ...

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Allen, Alexander (1814–1842), philologist and classical scholar, was born at Hackney, Middlesex, on 21 September 1814, the son of John Allen (1770–1839), a dissenting layman, schoolmaster, and author of A History of Modern Judaism (1816), and his wife, Charlotte Jane, née Ivory (...

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Ames, Joseph (bap. 1687, d. 1759), bibliographer and antiquary, was born of a seafaring family in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, and baptized there on 20 June 1687. He was the son of John Ames (1651–1699?), master in the merchant service, and his wife, Esther (...

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Andrews, Robert (fl. 1747–1766), translator, was born into a nonconformist family which had lived for nearly two hundred years at Little Lever and at Rivington Hall, near Bolton, Lancashire. Nothing further is known of his parents. He was educated by Dr Caleb Rotheram...

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Ashton, Thomas Southcliffe (1889–1968), economic historian, was born at Ashton under Lyne, Lancashire, on 11 January 1889, the second son and third child of Thomas Ashton, manager of the local Trustee Savings Bank, and his wife, Susan Sutcliffe. From Ashton under Lyne secondary school...

Article

Alexander Gordon

revised by W. N. Terry

Ashworth, Caleb (d. 1775), dissenting minister and tutor, was born at Clough Fold, near Rawtenstall, Rossendale, Lancashire, one of three sons of Richard Ashworth (1667–1751), a Particular Baptist lay preacher. His date of birth is uncertain: in his funeral address in 1775 Samuel Palmer...

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Edward Baines (1774–1848) by John Cochran, pubd 1834 (after Thomas Hargreaves) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Baines, Edward (1774–1848), newspaper proprietor, politician, and historian, was born at Walton-le-Dale, near Preston, Lancashire, on 5 February 1774, the second son of Richard Baines (d. 1811) and his wife, Jane (née Chew). Richard Baines, who was born near Ripon and came from a farming family, had moved to ...

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by William Joseph Sheils

Banks, William Stott (1821–1872), antiquary, was born at Wakefield, Yorkshire, on 9 March 1821, the son of William Banks and his wife, Harriet Stott, and baptized on 15 April following at the Salem Independent Chapel. He was educated at the Lancasterian School there, and at the age of eleven began work in the office of ...

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Barham, Thomas Foster (1794–1869), physician and classical scholar, was born at Hendon, Middlesex, on 10 September 1794, the eldest son of six children born to Thomas Foster Barham (1766–1844) and his wife, Mary Ann Morton. Among his brothers, William Foster Barham (1802–1845) was a writer, ...

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Bateman, Thomas (bap. 1821, d. 1861), archaeologist and antiquary, was baptized on 8 November 1821 at Rowsley, Derbyshire, the only child of William Bateman (1787–1835), antiquary, of Middleton by Youlgreave, Derbyshire, and his wife, Mary (d. 1822), daughter of James Crompton...

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See Bateman, Thomas

Article

Baxter, William (1650–1723), classicist and antiquary, was born in 1650 in Llanllugan in Montgomeryshire, the eldest son of John Baxter (d. 1681) and Catherine, née Bolliver. Richard Baxter, the divine, was the cousin of William's father, and upon Richard's death in 1691 ...

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Biddle, John (1615/16–1662), schoolmaster and religious controversialist, was baptized on 14 January 1616 at Wotton under Edge, Gloucestershire, the first of two sons of Edward Biddle (d. 1625), tailor, and his wife, Jane Hopkins.

Biddle's scholarly prowess was recognized from an early age, and his education at the free grammar school of ...

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Bingham, John (1612/13–1689), ejected minister and classical and oriental scholar, was born at Derby, the son of Henry Bingham. After attending Repton School from 1628, he was admitted sizar at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, on 10 June 1631, aged eighteen. Having moved to ...

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Birch, Samuel (1620/21–1680), ejected minister and schoolmaster, was baptized in Manchester on 18 February 1621, a younger son of Samuel Birch (d. in or after 1648) of Ardwick Manor, Manchester, and Mary (d. 1659/60), daughter of Ralph Smith of Doblane House, Lancashire...

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Bonwick, James (1817–1906), educationist and historian, was born on 8 July 1817 at Lingfield, Surrey, the eldest son of James Bonwick, a former small farmer who had left the land to become a carpenter, and his wife, Mary née Preston. Educated at the ...

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Bonwick, Theodora Ellen (1876–1928), educationist and women's rights activist, was born on 27 December 1876 at 60 Coningham Road, Shepherd's Bush, London, the daughter of William Priessnitz Bonwick, a schoolteacher, and his wife, Sarah, formerly Beddow, an executive member of the Women's Liberal Federation...

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Bradford, John [Siôn] (1706–1785), poet and antiquary, was the son of a Richard Bradford (fl. c.1700–1750) who lived at Y Pandy, Betws Tir Iarll, in upper Glamorgan. Little definite is known of his father, but he was probably a weaver, fuller, and dyer, as his son became. A tradition existed in the family that the ...

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Broad, Mary Aylett (1860–1942), headmistress, was born on 13 December 1860 at Brunswick Lodge, Wandsworth Road, Kennington, London, the eldest of twelve children, seven of whom survived (three boys and four girls), of Arthur Broad, a mercantile clerk, and his wife, Sarah Ann West...