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Anstruther, Sir Robert (1578–1644/5?), diplomat and politician, was the second son of Sir James Anstruther (d. 1606), fiar of Anstruther, and Jean Scott of Abbotshall. His birth in Anstruther Wester, Fife, was recorded by his father on 23 April 1578. A graduate of ...

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Balnaves, Henry (d. 1570), diplomat and religious reformer, is said by Calderwood to have come from Kirkcaldy and studied in Cologne. He returned to St Andrews, appearing on the rolls of St Salvator's College in 1527 as magister, the title by which he is usually designated, though where he received his MA degree is uncertain. He worked as a procurator in ...

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Bogle, George (1746–1781), diplomatist, was born on 26 November 1746 at Daldowie, near Bothwell, Lanarkshire, the third son and youngest of nine children born to George Bogle (1700–1784), merchant and rector of Glasgow University, and his wife, Anne (d. 1752), daughter of ...

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Thomas Bruce, seventh earl of Elgin and eleventh earl of Kincardine (1766–1841) by Anton Graff, 1787 The Earl of Elgin and Kincardine, K.T.

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Bruce, Thomas, seventh earl of Elgin and eleventh earl of Kincardine (1766–1841), diplomatist and army officer, was born at the family home, Broomhall, Fife, Scotland, on 20 July 1766, the son of Charles Bruce, fifth earl of Elgin and ninth earl of Kincardine...

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Cochrane, Sir John (b. c. 1604, d. in or after 1657), army officer and diplomat, was the eldest of the nine children of Alexander Blair (d. 1640/41), who assumed the name Cochrane on his marriage to Elizabeth, daughter of William Cochrane of ...

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Colville, James, first Lord Colville of Culross (c. 1551–1629), soldier and diplomat, was the first son of Sir James Colville, (b. 1532?, d. in or before 1562), laird of Easter Wemyss, and his wife, Janet, daughter of Sir Robert Douglas of Lochleven...

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John Dalrymple, second earl of Stair (1673–1747) by Allan Ramsay, c. 1744 private collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Dalrymple, John, second earl of Stair (1673–1747), diplomat and army officer, was born at Edinburgh on 20 July 1673, second son of John Dalrymple, second viscount and first earl of Stair (1648–1707), and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1731), daughter and heir of ...

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Denniston, Sir Robert, of Montjoy (1546/7–1625), government official and diplomat, was the eldest son of James Denniston, provost of Linlithgow, and Margaret, daughter of Sir Thomas Bellenden of Auchnoull, justice-clerk. His mother later married Robert Hamilton of Ecclesmachan. Denniston matriculated from St Mary's College...

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Drummond, Sir William, of Logiealmond (1770?–1828), classical scholar and diplomatist, was the eldest son of John Drummond, the laird of Logiealmond, and his wife, Lady Catherine Murray, sister of John, earl of Dunmore. He succeeded his father on the latter's death in 1781. He studied philosophy briefly (...

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H. M. Stephens

revised by M. J. Mercer

Ewart, Joseph (1759–1792), diplomat, was born on 30 April 1759, the eldest son of the minister of Troqueer in Kirkcudbrightshire. He attended a local school before entering Edinburgh University, where he took the degree of MA. He then acted as travelling tutor to ...

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See Gordon, Patrick, of Ruthven

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Sir Robert Gordon (1791–1847) by Joseph Kriehuber, 1846 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gordon, Sir Robert (1791–1847), diplomatist, was probably born at Gight in Aberdeenshire, the fifth son of George Gordon, Lord Haddo (1764–1791), and his wife, Charlotte, née Baird (d. 1795), and the younger brother of George Hamilton-Gordon, fourth earl of Aberdeen (1784–1860), later prime minister. He was educated at ...

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Hamilton, George Nigel Douglas-, tenth earl of Selkirk (1906–1994), politician and diplomatist, was born on 4 January 1906 at Merley, Wimborne, Dorset, the second of four sons and third of seven children of Alfred Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, thirteenth duke of Hamilton (1862–1940), and his wife, ...

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Jordan, Sir John Newell (1852–1925), diplomatist, was born at Balloo, co. Down, Ireland, on 5 September 1852, the second son of John Jordan and his wife, Mary Newell, both of substantial Presbyterian farmer stock. To his upbringing Jordan owed the diligence and conscientiousness that marked his career. Following education at the ...

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Keith, Sir Robert Murray, of Murrayshall (1730–1795), diplomatist and army officer, was born in Edinburgh on 20 September 1730, the eldest child of the diplomat Robert Keith (c. 1697–1774), of Craig, Kincardineshire, and his wife, Margaret Cunningham, daughter of Sir William Cunningham of ...

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Kennedy, William (1799–1871), diplomatist and writer, was born in Scotland on 26 December 1799, the eldest of five sons and a daughter of an Ayrshire man who became a cotton manufacturer in Dublin and his wife, Ann Davis. Kennedy's parents died before he reached adulthood, and the ...

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Kinneir, Sir John Macdonald (1782–1830), army officer, traveller, and diplomatist, born at Carnden, Linlithgow, on 3 February 1782, was the illegitimate son of John Macdonald, comptroller of customs at Bo'ness, and Mrs Cecilia Maria Kinneir. In 1802 he was nominated to a cadetship by ...