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Peter Berresford Ellis

Baird, John (1788–1820), radical, was, with Andrew Hardie (1792–1820) and James Wilson (1757–1820), one of the three ‘Radical Martyrs’ executed for their part in the Scottish insurrection of April 1820. Baird, born in Condorrat, Stirling, was the third son of a ...

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Lady Frances Balfour (1858–1931) by Bassano, 1919 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Balfour [née Campbell], Lady Frances (1858–1931), suffragist leader and churchwoman, was born at Argyll Lodge, Kensington, London, on 22 February 1858, the fifth daughter and tenth of twelve children of George Douglas Campbell, eighth duke of Argyll (1823–1900), and his first wife, ...

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Blakey, Robert [pseud. Palmer Hackle] (1795–1878), radical and historian of philosophy, son of Robert Blakey (c.1774–1796), mechanic, and his wife, Elizabeth Laws (b. 1773), was born in Manchester Street, Morpeth, Northumberland, on 18 May 1795. His father died when he was nine months old. When he was six, he was taken charge of by his grandmother, also ...

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Callender, James Thomson (1758–1803), political writer and radical, was born in Scotland, the son of a tobacconist, though further details of his early years are obscure. The poet James Thomson may have been a relative. Callender was raised as a Presbyterian of the strongly Calvinist variety, possibly in ...

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Carrie, Isabella Scrimgeour (1878–1981), suffragette and schoolteacher, was born on 3 May 1878 at 26 Wardmill Road in the parish of St Vigeans, Arbroath, the daughter of Richard Carrie (c.1836–1912), bleachfield worker, and his wife, Ann Robertson Harris (c.1842–1903)...

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Crawfurd [née Jack; other married name Anderson], Helen (1877–1954), suffragette and communist, was born at 175 Cumberland Street, Glasgow, on 9 November 1877, the fourth of seven children of William Jack, a prosperous master baker, and his wife, Helen Kyle. Her parents had been married in ...

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Dickson, William Steel (1744–1824), minister of the Presbyterian General Synod of Ulster and political radical, was born William Dickson on Christmas day 1744, the eldest son of John Dickson, farmer, and his wife, Jane Steel, at Ballycraigy, in the parish of Carnmoney, co. Antrim...

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See London Corresponding Society

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Drennan, William (1754–1820), physician, poet, and political reformer, was born in Belfast on 23 May 1754, the child of the Revd Thomas Drennan (1696–1768) and his wife, Anne, née Lennox (1719–1806). Of Thomas Drennan, the minister of Belfast's First Presbyterian Congregation...

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Fletcher, Archibald (1746–1828), advocate and political reformer, was born at Pooble in Glenlyon, Perthshire, the first of the six children of Angus Fletcher, a tacksman, and his second wife, Grace M'Naughton. He was educated at the grammar school of Kenmore, Breadalbane, and the high school of ...

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Sir James Hope of Hopetoun, appointed Lord Hopetoun under the protectorate (1614–1661) by unknown artist in the collection of the Hopetoun House Preservation Trust; photograph courtesy the Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Hope, Sir James, of Hopetoun, appointed Lord Hopetoun under the protectorate (1614–1661), industrialist and political radical, was born on 4 July 1614, the youngest of six sons (of whom four survived to adulthood) of Sir Thomas Hope of Craighall, lord advocate (1573–1646), and ...

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Joseph Hume (1777–1855) by John Whitehead Walton, 1854 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hume, Joseph (1777–1855), radical and politician, was born at Montrose, Scotland, on 22 January 1777, the younger son of James Hume, a shipmaster of Forfarshire, and Mary Allan. His father died not long after Hume's birth, and his widowed mother supported her children by selling crockery....

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Dame Louisa Innes Lumsden (1840–1935) by Olive Edis, c. 1925 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lumsden, Dame Louisa Innes (1840–1935), promoter of women's education, headmistress, and suffragist, was born on 31 December 1840 in Aberdeen. She was the seventh and youngest child of Clements Lumsden (d. 1853), advocate and writer to the signet, and his wife, Jane (...

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MacPherson, Hector Carsewell (1851–1924), journalist and political campaigner, was born in Glasgow on 16 October 1851, the son of Archibald MacPherson (1830–1900), who worked in a warehouse in the city and later became a newspaper advertising manager, and his wife, Margaret, née Ferguson (1833/4–1852)...

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Maxwell, Lilly [Lily] (c. 1800–1876), suffragist, was born in Scotland at the beginning of the nineteenth century. She spent many years in domestic service in the Manchester area: she apparently had a long connection with the family of Sir Bosdin Thomas Leech, later lord mayor of ...

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McAdam, John (1806–1883), reformer and campaigner for Italian unity, was born on 5 August 1806 at Port Dundas, Glasgow, the second son of James (or Thomas) McAdam (d. c.1821), carter, and his wife, Helen Baxter, both originally from rural Stirlingshire. His education, partly in an overcrowded school in ...