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Article

Arthur H. Grant

revised by Iain F. Russell

Baird, James (1802–1876), ironmaster and philanthropist, was born at Kirkwood in Lanarkshire on 5 December 1802, the fourth son of Alexander Baird (d. 1833), farmer, and Jean, the daughter of James Moffat. He attended the Old Monkland parish school, and may have attended classes at ...

Article

Baxter, Sir David, baronet (bap. 1793, d. 1872), linen manufacturer and benefactor, was born in Dundee and baptized there on 24 March 1793, the second son of William Baxter (1767–1854), linen merchant, of Balgavies, and his wife, Elisabeth (Betty) Gorell (d. 1804)...

Article

See Bell, Arthur

Image

Timothy Bennett (1676/77–1756) by James Macardell, 1752 (after G. Budd) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Bennett, Timothy (1676/7–1756), cordwainer and public access campaigner, is of obscure origins; details of his birth, family, and upbringing are unknown. On 19 July 1716, at All Hallows, London Wall, he married Katherine Magitt (1673/4–1749), of Kingston upon Thames, Surrey; the parish register—which also gives his wife's name as ...

Article

Cranston, Robert (1815–1892), founder of temperance hotels, was born on 9 August 1815, at East Calder, near Edinburgh, the son of James Cranston, mason and innkeeper, and his wife, Janet Garvie. His grandfather Robert had moved there from Jedburgh about 1778 to act as factor for the ...

Article

Crawford, Sir William (1840–1922), industrialist and philanthropist, was born on 19 May 1840 at Maine Mount, Randalstown, co. Antrim in Ulster, the youngest of the ten children of the Revd Alexander Crawford (1790–1856), missionary and Presbyterian clergyman, and his wife, Anna, née Gardner (1803–1882)...

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John Alexander Dewar, first Baron Forteviot (1856–1929) by Bassano, early 1900s © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Dewar, John Alexander, first Baron Forteviot (1856–1929), whisky blender and philanthropist, was born at Perth on 6 June 1856, the second surviving son in a family of five sons and two daughters of John Dewar (1806–1880), wine and spirit merchant, and his wife, ...

Article

Dick, James (bap. 1743, d. 1828), merchant and benefactor, was baptized on 6 February 1743 at Forres, Moray, the son of Alexander Dick (d. 1783), shoemaker and town councillor, and his wife, Elizabeth. The house they occupied in Forres High Street still bears their initials on the lintel. As a boy ...

Article

Gillespie, James, of Spylaw (1726–1797), tobacconist and benefactor, was born in 1726, probably at Roslin, near Edinburgh. He had one sister and a younger brother. His family were members of the Cameronians, or reformed Presbyterians, a strict nonconformist sect. Gillespie began his career as a tobacconist and, in partnership with his brother, ...

Article

Grant, Sir Alexander, first baronet (1864–1937), biscuit manufacturer and benefactor, was born on 1 October 1864 in Forres, Moray, the eldest son of Peter Grant (1838–1882), a guard with Highland Railway, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of James and Elizabeth Norries. While he was a pupil at ...

Article

Grant, Charles (1746–1823), director of the East India Company and philanthropist, was born in March 1746 at Aldourie farmhouse, Glen Urquhart, his mother's home, on Loch Ness in Inverness-shire in the highlands of Scotland. He was the third of seven children born to ...

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George Lawson Johnston, first Baron Luke (1873–1943) by Lafayette, 1929 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Johnston, George Lawson, first Baron Luke (1873–1943), food manufacturer and philanthropist, was born on 9 September 1873 at 2 Blacket Place, Newington, Edinburgh, the second son of the thirteen children of John Lawson Johnston (1839–1900), nutrition promoter and food manufacturer, and his wife, ...

Article

George Stronach

revised by Maureen Donovan Lochrie

Neilson, John (1778–1839), grocer and benefactor, was born on 14 December 1778 in Paisley, Renfrewshire, the second son in a family of five children of John Neilson, merchant and grocer of Paisley Cross, and his wife, Elizabeth née Sclater of Paisley. He was probably educated at ...

Article

Stuart, James (1775–1849), landowner, politician, and factory inspector, was the eldest son of Dr Charles Stuart (1745/6–1826), of Dunearn in Fife, and Mary, the daughter of the Revd Dr John Erskine. His father was minister of Cramond, on the Firth of Forth, and later a physician in ...

Article

Thom, Robert, of Ascog (1774–1847), civil engineer and industrialist, was born in the parish of Tarbolton, Ayrshire, in January 1774, the elder son of John Thom, tenant farmer. His mother's identity remains elusive because her name was not recorded in Thom's baptismal entry in the ...

Article

White, John Campbell, Baron Overtoun (1843–1908), philanthropist and chemical manufacturer, was born at Hayfield, near Rutherglen, on 21 November 1843, the middle child of seven and only son of James White (1812–1884) and his wife, Fanny Campbell (d. 1891). James White had trained as a lawyer before entering the family firm of ...