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Article

T. W. Bayne

revised by Douglas Brown

Ainslie, Hew (1792–1878), brewer and poet, was born on 5 April 1792 at Bargeny Mains in the parish of Dailly, Ayrshire, only son of the three children of George Ainslie, a butler on the estate of Sir Hew Dalrymple Hamilton. His mother's name is unknown, but ...

Article

Anderson, David (1751–1825), East India Company servant, was born in Edinburgh on 10 February 1751, the second of the eight children of David Anderson (1707–1786), writer to the signet, and his wife, Mary (d. 1781), daughter of John Mitchelson of Middleton, Edinburghshire...

Article

Anderson, Janet (1697–1761), milliner and maker of graveclothes, was born on 1 January 1697 and baptized in Edinburgh two days later. She was the daughter of James Anderson (1662–1728), clerk to the signet and author of Diplomata Scotiae, and Jean Ellis or Ellies (...

Article

Anderson, Patrick (1579/80–c. 1660), physician and manufacturer of patent medicines, was born in Scotland. By 1618, when his first work appeared, he was already an established physician in Edinburgh; the book, about the cold spring of Kinghorn Craig in the Firth of Forth...

Article

Angus, Robert (1835/6–1923), coal- and ironmaster, was probably born at New Monkland, Lanarkshire, the eldest son of James Angus, a labourer and engine-keeper, and Margaret Young. His parents married in November 1835, and Angus may have been conceived, or even born, before the marriage. Educated at ...

Article

Arthur H. Grant

revised by Iain F. Russell

Baird, James (1802–1876), ironmaster and philanthropist, was born at Kirkwood in Lanarkshire on 5 December 1802, the fourth son of Alexander Baird (d. 1833), farmer, and Jean, the daughter of James Moffat. He attended the Old Monkland parish school, and may have attended classes at ...

Article

Bald, Robert (1776–1861), mining engineer, was born at Culross, Perthshire, one of two sons of Alexander Bald (d. 1823) and his wife, Jane Christie. Alexander Bald (1783–1859) was his younger brother. The father was then colliery manager for the earl of Dundonald...

Article

Balfour, John (1715–1795), bookseller and printer, was born in South Leith, Edinburghshire, on 1 December 1715, the ninth among the sixteen children of the manufacturer and shipbuilder James Balfour (1681–1737) and Louisa Hamilton (1686–1750). When he was three the family moved to the ...

Article

Barr, Andrew Greig (1872–1903), soft drinks manufacturer, was born on 5 May 1872 in Falkirk, the second of three sons of Robert Barr, cork cutter and aerated water manufacturer, and his wife, Jane Greig. He attended the Falkirk high school before completing his schooling at ...

Article

Bassandyne [Bassendyne], Thomas (d. 1577), printer and bookseller, was a native of Scotland, although his place of birth, parents, and details of his early life and education are unknown. He is believed to have learned the art of printing abroad, possibly at Paris...

Article

See Baxter, William Alexander

Article

Bell, Arthur (1825–1900), wine and spirit merchant, was born on 30 November 1825 at Surrey Square, London, the seventh of fifteen children of Robert Fitzroy Bell, a general agent, and his first wife, Hannah Bruce.

Nothing is known about Bell's upbringing but by the late 1840s he was employed as a traveller by ...

Article

See Bell, Arthur

Article

Bell, John (1735–1806), bookseller, was born on 24 November 1735, the middle child of the Revd John Bell (d. 1767), minister of the parish of Gordon in Berwickshire, whose father, Robert, and grandfather John were also Church of Scotland ministers, and Elizabeth Ewing (...

Image

Patrick Bell (1799–1869) by unknown engraver, pubd 1868 (after E. Strachan) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Bell, Patrick (1799–1869), Church of Scotland minister and inventor of agricultural machinery, was born in April 1799 at mid-Leoch, in the parish of Auchterhouse, a few miles north-west of Dundee. He was one of at least two sons of George Bell, a tenant farmer at ...

Article

Blackadder, Adam (b. 1659, d. in or after 1696), merchant and writer on covenanting, was probably born in the parish of Troqueer, near Dumfries, the second son of John Blackadder (1615/1623?–1686), the minister there, and his wife, Janet Haining (d. 1688). Among his brothers were ...

Article

Blackrie, Alexander (bap. 1702, d. 1772), surgeon-apothecary, was baptized on 14 June 1702 at the church of St Nicholas, Aberdeen, the seventh of the eleven children of William Blackrie and his wife, Isobel, née Fordyce. A merchant's son, he was educated at the grammar school and ...

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Bogle, George (1700–1784), merchant, was born in Glasgow, the son of Robert Bogle, a prosperous local trader, who resided at the estate of Daldowie, near Bothwell, Lanarkshire, which George inherited in 1720. He had more than the usual mercantile education, matriculating at the ...

Article

Briggs, William (1839–1919), chemical manufacturer, was born at East Retford, Nottinghamshire, on 25 March 1839, the eldest son of William Briggs, stage-coach proprietor, and his wife, Jemima, née Bennett. He attended the King Edward VI Grammar School in Retford, then, aged fifteen, went to ...