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Sir James Balfour of Denmiln and Kinnaird, first baronet (1600–1657) by unknown artist Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Balfour, Sir James, of Denmiln and Kinnaird, first baronet (1603/4–1657), antiquary and herald, was probably born at Denmiln, Fife, the son of Sir Michael Balfour of Denmiln (c.1580–1652), later MP for Fife and comptroller of the household to Charles I, and his wife, ...

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Balfour [formerly Arnot], Robert, second Lord Balfour of Burleigh (d. 1663), politician, was the son of Sir Robert Arnot of Fernie (d. 1606), chamberlain of Fife, and his wife, Margaret Averie. In September 1606 he married Margaret (d. 1639), daughter of ...

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A. B. Grosart

revised by Ginny Gardner

Blackadder, John (1615/1623?–1686), Church of Scotland minister, was perhaps born in December 1615 or in 1623, the son of John Blackadder of Inzievar, of the families of Blackadder of Blairhall and Tulliallan, and his wife, Helen, daughter of Robert Pont (1524–1606), minister of ...

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Blair, Robert (1593–1666), Church of Scotland minister, was the sixth son of John Blair of Windyedge (d. c.1598), a merchant in Irvine, Ayrshire, and his wife, Beatrix or Bessie Mure (d. 1640s), both of whom traced their descent from landed families. Having 'profited well in my bairnly studies', ...

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Boyd, Zachary (1585–1653), Church of Scotland minister and university administrator, was born in Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, of unknown parentage. He matriculated at Glasgow University in 1601, and graduated MA from St Andrews in 1607. Perhaps encouraged by his cousin Robert Boyd of Trochrig he completed his education at the protestant ...

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Brand, John (1669–1738), Church of Scotland minister and author, was born in Canongate, Edinburgh, in August 1669, the son of John Brand, of Polish descent, baker in Canongate, and Janet Barclay of the Pearston family. He was educated at schools in Musselburgh and ...

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Brown, John (c. 1610–1679), Church of Scotland minister, was probably born at Kirkcudbright and may have been the son of James and Jean Brown referred to in the letters of Samuel Rutherford. He graduated at the University of Edinburgh on 24 July 1630 and was a protester in the religious disputes of the 1650s. It seems to have been 1655 before he was ordained, in the parish of ...

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Brown, John [called the Christian Carrier] (1626/7–1685), covenanter, lived near Priesthill Farm in the parish of Muirkirk in Ayrshire, an important location for the Cameronians or society people who opposed the crown's episcopalian policies during the ‘killing times’ of the 1680s. Nothing is known of his early life. ...

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Burnet [née Kennedy], Lady Margaret (d. 1685), religious and political adviser, was the eldest daughter of John Kennedy, sixth earl of Cassillis (1601x7–1668), and his first wife, Lady Jean Hamilton (1607–1642). Known as 'the grave and solemn Earl', John Kennedy was, according to his son-in-law ...

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Cameron, Richard (d. 1680), covenanter field preacher, was the eldest son of Allan Cameron and Margaret Paterson. He spent his early childhood on the family estate at Fordell near Leuchars, Fife, and may have attended the grammar school in St Andrews. He entered ...

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Campbell, Archibald, marquess of Argyll (1605x7–1661), nobleman and politician, was born between August 1605 and April 1607, the son of Archibald Campbell, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638), and his first wife, Lady Anne Douglas (1574–1607), daughter of William Douglas, sixth earl of Morton...

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Archibald Campbell, marquess of Argyll (1605x77–1661) by David Scougall Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Campbell, Sir George, of Cessnock (fl. 1671–1704), conspirator, was the eldest of four sons of Sir Hugh Campbell (d. 1686) and his wife, Elizabeth, younger daughter and coheir of George Campbell, master of Loudoun. In 1665 he married Lady Anna McMurran (McMoran, McMouran)...

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Campbell, Sir Hugh, of Cessnock (d. 1686), covenanter and conspirator, was the son of George Campbell of Cessnock and his first wife, Agnes Cunninghame (d. 1609). At his father's death on 27 May 1630 Hugh inherited land at Cessnock and Galston, and shortly thereafter he was knighted. He married, by a contract dated 14 October 1625, ...

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Campbell, John, first earl of Loudoun (1598–1662), lord chancellor of Scotland, was the eldest son of Sir James Campbell of Lawers and his wife, Jean, daughter of James Colvill, first Lord Colvill of Culros. He probably travelled abroad before he married (by March 1620) ...

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John Campbell, first earl of Loudoun (1598–1662) by Abraham Simon, 1645 © Copyright The British Museum

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Cheisly [Cheisley, Chieslie], Sir John, of Cresswell (d. 1677), politician, was the son of John Chieslie AM, minister of the parish of Quothquhan, and grandson of John Chieslie, farmer in the same parish. His father was proprietor of the estate of Cresswell or Kerswell...

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Cleghorn, Hugh Francis Clarke (1820–1895), surgeon, naturalist, and forest conservator, was born in Madras on 9 August 1820, the son of Peter (otherwise Patrick) Cleghorn (1783–1863), registrar general and prothonotary of the Supreme Court, Madras, and his wife, Isabella, née Allan (1796–1824). After the death of his mother he was sent to ...

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Dickson [Dick], David (c. 1583–1662), Church of Scotland minister and theologian, was born in Glasgow, the only son of John Dick or Dickson, a wealthy and devout Glaswegian merchant. He was educated at the University of Glasgow and, after graduating MA, served an eight-year term as a regent of the university. On 23 September 1617 he married ...