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Balfour [formerly Arnot], Robert, second Lord Balfour of Burleigh (d. 1663), politician, was the son of Sir Robert Arnot of Fernie (d. 1606), chamberlain of Fife, and his wife, Margaret Averie. In September 1606 he married Margaret (d. 1639), daughter of ...

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Campbell, Archibald, marquess of Argyll (1605x7–1661), nobleman and politician, was born between August 1605 and April 1607, the son of Archibald Campbell, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638), and his first wife, Lady Anne Douglas (1574–1607), daughter of William Douglas, sixth earl of Morton...

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Archibald Campbell, marquess of Argyll (1605x77–1661) by David Scougall Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Cheisly [Cheisley, Chieslie], Sir John, of Cresswell (d. 1677), politician, was the son of John Chieslie AM, minister of the parish of Quothquhan, and grandson of John Chieslie, farmer in the same parish. His father was proprietor of the estate of Cresswell or Kerswell...

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Elphinstone, John, second Lord Balmerino (d. 1649), nobleman and politician, was the son of James Elphinstone, first Lord Balmerino (1557–1612), and his first wife, Sarah (d. 1592×7), daughter of Sir John Menteith of Carse, whom he married on 21 March 1588. Nothing is known of his early life or education. In 1609, following the revelation of compromising correspondence with ...

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Forbes, Sir William, of Craigievar, first baronet (d. 1648), politician, was the eldest son of William Forbes (d. c.1627), of Menie, later of Craigievar, Aberdeenshire, and his wife, Margaret Udward or Edward, daughter of the provost of Edinburgh; his parents had married in 1603. His father, known as ...

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Gordon, Alexander, of Earlston (1587–1654), landowner and politician, was the eldest son of John Gordon of Airds and Earlston (d. in or before 1628) and Mary, daughter of Chalmers of Gadgirth, in Ayrshire. The Gordons of Earlston were a cadet branch of the ...

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Alexander Henderson (c. 1583–1646) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck, c. 1641 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Henderson, Alexander (c. 1583–1646), Church of Scotland minister and politician, was born about 1583 in Criech, Fife, probably in or near the village of Luthrie, since he left 2000 merks to the village school in his will. He was possibly the son of ...

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Sir Thomas Hope of Craighall, first baronet (1573–1646) by George Jamesone, 1627 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Hope, Sir Thomas, of Craighall, first baronet (1573–1646), advocate and politician, was the son of Henry Hope, an Edinburgh merchant of French descent, and his wife, Jacqueline de Tott (or de Jott). The couple witnessed the St Bartholomew's day massacre of Huguenots in ...

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Sir Archibald Johnston, Lord Wariston (bap. 1611, d. 1663) by George Jamesone Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Johnston, Sir Archibald, Lord Wariston (bap. 1611, d. 1663), lawyer and politician, was baptized at Edinburgh on 28 March 1611, the son of James Johnston, a wealthy Edinburgh merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth, second daughter of the eminent lawyer Sir Thomas Craig of ...

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James Johnston (1655–1737) by Thomas Gibson, c. 1700 reproduced by kind permission of the Richmond Borough Art Collection, Orleans House Gallery

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Johnston, James (1655–1737), politician and government official, was born on 9 September 1655, the younger son of Sir Archibald Johnston, Lord Wariston (bap. 1611, d. 1663), and his second wife, Helen, daughter of Alexander Hay, Lord Fosterseat. Following the execution of his father by the Restoration regime in ...

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Kennedy, John, sixth earl of Cassillis (1601x7–1668), politician, was the son of Hew Kennedy (d. 1607), younger son of Gilbert Kennedy, fourth earl of Cassillis, and his wife, Katherine, daughter of Uchtred Macdowall of Garthland. He succeeded his uncle John Kennedy, fifth earl of Cassillis...

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Colin Lindsay, third earl of Balcarres (1652–1721) by John Riley private collection; photograph © National Galleries of Scotland

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Lindsay, Colin, third earl of Balcarres (1652–1721), politician and Jacobite sympathizer, was baptized at Kilconquhar, Fife, on 23 August 1652, the fourth and youngest (but second surviving) son of Alexander Lindsay, first earl of Balcarres (1618–1659), and his wife, Anna Mackenzie (c. 1621–1707)...

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Pringle, George (1631–1689), politician, was born on 3 March 1631, the eldest son of James Pringle (1596–1658), of Torwoodlee, Selkirkshire, and his second wife, Janet (b. 1614), daughter of Sir Lewis Craig of Riccarton. He may have been the Georgius Pringle who attended ...

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Smollett, Sir James, of Stainflett and Bonhill (c. 1648–1731), politician, was only son to John Smollett of Stainflett (d. 1680), burgess and bailie of Dumbarton, and Jean, second daughter of Bontine of Ardoch. He was educated at Dumbarton grammar school and Glasgow University...