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Calouste Sarkis Gulbenkian (1869–1955) by Charles Joseph Watelet, 1912 by courtesy of the Gulbenkian Museum, Lisbon

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Gulbenkian, Calouste Sarkis (1869–1955), oil industrialist and benefactor, was born in Scutari, adjacent to Constantinople, in Turkey, on 23 March 1869, one of three sons of Sarkis Gulbenkian (d. 1894), a trader in kerosene and a provincial banker. Although he respected his family, ...

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Herzen, Alexander [Aleksandr Ivanovich Gertsen] (1812–1870), radical publicist, was born at what is now 25 Tverskoy bulvar, Moscow, on 25 March 1812 os (6 April 1812 ns), the illegitimate son of the rich nobleman Ivan Alekseyevich Yakovlev (1767–1846) and his young German consort, ...

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Liakhoff, Nicolai [Nikolay Liakhov] (1897–1962), pioneer of guide dog training, was born on 17 April 1897 in Odessa, Russia, one of the two sons of General Dmitry Liakhov, an army officer. He joined a Cossack regiment of the Russian imperial army, and was a member of the household guard of ...

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Dimitrije Mitrinović (1887–1953) by unknown photographer, 1920s? Dimitrije Mitrinović New Atlantis Foundation archive, special collections, University of Bradford

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Mitrinović, Dimitrije (1887–1953), philosopher and social critic, was born into a Serbian Orthodox family at Donje Poplat, a small village near Stolac in Herzegovina, on 21 October 1887, the eldest of ten children. His father, Mihailo Mitrinović, was a civil servant in charge of an experimental farm and his mother, ...

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Pierce Charles de Lacy O'Mahony (1850–1930) by unknown photographer, 1930 Iva Pocock

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O'Mahony [formerly Mahony], Pierce Charles de Lacy (1850–1930), politician and philanthropist, was born in Dublin to a Church of Ireland family on 9 June 1850, the second surviving son of Peirce Kenifeck Mahony (1817–1850), a landlord and barrister, of Kilmorna, co. Kerry...