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Ammon, Charles George, Baron Ammon (1873–1960), trade unionist and politician, was born on 22 April 1873 into a poor working-class family in White Street, Southwark, London. He was the eldest child of Charles George Ammon (d. 1887), cutler and toolmaker, and Mary Kempley (1851–1900)...

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Bailey, Sir John [Jack] (1898–1969), politician and co-operative movement activist, was born on 1 January 1898 in Miskin, Mountain Ash, Glamorgan, one of six children of John Bailey, miner, and his wife, Sarah Ann. Bailey attended Gwyn Ivor School, Miskin, until he was twelve. Working initially in a cobbler's shop, he entered the mines as a collier's boy. An accident in 1915 forced him to take a surface job, and in 1917 he enlisted in the ...

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Alfred Baldwin (1841–1908) by Sir Benjamin Stone, 1897 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Baldwin, Alfred (1841–1908), industrialist and politician, was born at Stourport, Worcestershire, on 4 June 1841, the youngest of twelve children of George Pearce Baldwin (1789–1840), a small-scale iron founder and businessman, and his second wife, Sarah Chalkley Stanley (1801–1874), the eldest daughter of the ...

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Henry Hartley Fowler, first Viscount Wolverhampton (1830–1911) by Harry Furniss, before 1891 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fowler, Henry Hartley, first Viscount Wolverhampton (1830–1911), politician, was born on 16 May 1830 in Sunderland, the only son of the prominent Wesleyan minister Joseph Fowler (1791–1851) and his third wife, Elizabeth Macneil Laing, daughter of Alexander Laing of Glasgow and stepdaughter of ...

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Gill, Alfred Henry (1856–1914), trade union leader and politician, was born on 3 December 1856 at 36 Oldham Road, Rochdale, the son of John Gill, a cotton spinner, and his wife, Mary Stott. He received an elementary education, curtailed from the age of ten when he was employed as a half-timer in a local cotton mill; full-time work began at thirteen. On 4 January 1876 he married ...

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W. A. J. Archbold

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Heald, James (1796–1873), philanthropist and politician, second son of James Heald of Brinnington and Disley, Cheshire, merchant, was born on 1 March 1796 at Portwood, near Stockport. He was educated at Rochdale, and entered his father's business. His parents belonged to the Wesleyan connexion...

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Henderson, Arthur (1863–1935), politician, was born on 20 September 1863 at 10 Paterson Street, Anderston, Glasgow, the second son of Agnes Henderson (b. 1845/6), a domestic servant who made her mark on the birth certificate (and later on her marriage certificate). She was the daughter of a weaver, ...

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Arthur Henderson (1863–1935) by James Russell & Sons © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hodge, John (1855–1937), trade unionist and politician, was born on 29 October 1855, at Linkeyburn, Muirkirk, Ayrshire, the son of William Hodge, a puddler at a local ironworks, and his wife, Marion (née Henderson). As a child Hodge moved to Motherwell and then to ...

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Holden, Sir Isaac, first baronet (1807–1897), inventor of a wool-combing machine, entrepreneur, and politician, was born on 7 May 1807 at Hurlet, near Paisley, the seventh child of Isaac Holden (d. 1826) and his wife, Alice, née Forrest. His father, a native of ...

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Holland, William Henry, first Baron Rotherham (1849–1927), textile manufacturer and politician, was born on 15 December 1849, at 68 Slater Street, Manchester, the younger of the two sons of William Holland (1823–1892), a warehouseman's son, and his wife, Ellen, daughter of Samuel Robinson...

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Howell, George (1833–1910), politician and writer, was born on 5 October 1833 in Wrington, Somerset, the eldest of the eight children of Edwin John Howell (1809–1868) and Mary Welsh (1806–1891). He had four brothers and three sisters. Edwin Howell, a mason like his father before him, became a self-employed subcontractor for railway bridges and waterworks in ...

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George Howell (1833–1910) by James Russell & Sons, 1887 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Jenkins, John Edward (1838–1910), politician and satirist, born at Bangalore, Mysore, India, on 28 July 1838, was the eldest son of Dr John Jenkins (1813–1898), a Wesleyan missionary, and his wife, Harriette (d. 1875), the daughter of James Shepstone of Clifton. After some years first in ...

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Jones, Arthur Creech (1891–1964), politician, was born at 11 Arthur Street, Redfield, St George, Bristol, on 15 May 1891, the second of the three sons of Joseph Jones, journeyman lithographic printer, and his wife, Rosina Sweet. Until 1905 he attended Whitehall Boys' School...

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Arthur Creech Jones (1891–1964) by Bassano, 1946 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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McArthur, Sir William (1809–1887), woollen merchant and politician, was born at Malin, Donegal, Ireland, on 6 July 1809, the fifth child and second son of John McArthur (d. 1840) and Sarah, née Finlay (d. 1861). His father was a poor Scots-Irish farmer who had converted to Methodism in the 1790s and turned to itinerant preaching in the ‘linen triangle’ of ...

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Moulton, John Fletcher, Baron Moulton (1844–1921), judge and politician, was born on 18 November 1844 at Madeley, Shropshire, the third son of the Revd James Egan Moulton (d. 1866), a Wesleyan minister, formerly headmaster of New Kingswood School, Bath, and his wife, ...