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Akroyd, Edward (1810–1887), industrialist and philanthropist, was born on 28 November 1810 at Brockholes, near Brookhouse, Ovenden, Halifax, the eldest of the ten children of Jonathan Akroyd (1782–1847) and his wife, Sarah, daughter of David Wright of Ovenden. Educated locally by an Anglican clergyman and at the ...

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Budgett, Samuel (1794–1851), merchant and philanthropist, was born on 27 July 1794 at Wrington, Somerset, the seventh of the twelve children of James Budgett (1747–1823), shopkeeper, and his second wife and cousin, Elizabeth Budgett (d. 1831). In 1801, after residing in Backwell...

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Cory, John (1828–1910), coal broker and philanthropist, was born on 28 March 1828 at Bideford, the eldest of five sons of Richard Cory (1799–1882), merchant, and Sarah, both of Bideford. The father was the owner and master of a small vessel in the coastal trade, and his decision in the 1830s to open a store as ship's chandler and provision merchant in ...

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Harrison, Agatha Mary (1885–1954), industrial welfare reformer and unofficial diplomat, was born on 23 January 1885 at Sandhurst in Berkshire, the youngest daughter of Charles Harrison, a Methodist minister, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Tilt. She was educated at Jersey Ladies' College and at ...

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Hartley, Sir William Pickles (1846–1922), jam manufacturer and philanthropist, was born on 23 February 1846 at Colne, Lancashire, the only surviving child of John Hartley, a whitesmith, and his wife, Margaret Pickles. He attended a local British and Foreign School Society school, and then ...

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Henson, Josiah (1789–1883), escaped slave, slavery abolitionist, and Methodist minister, was born on 15 June 1789 in Charles county, Maryland, USA, one of six children of slave parents. He experienced the harsh realities of slavery early in life. He saw his father receive 100 lashes and then have his ear cut off as punishment for defending his mother from the plantation overseer. His father was then sold south and was never heard from again. ...

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See Horsley, (George) Nicholas Seward

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Mason, Hugh (1817–1886), mill owner and philanthropist, was born at Stalybridge on 30 January 1817, the third and youngest son of Thomas Mason (1782–1868) and his wife, Mary Woolley (née Holden). His father was a joiner, his mother kept a smallware shop, where she sold tapes and gingerbread. During the boom of 1822–5, ...

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Mitchell, Sir Henry (1824–1898), textile merchant and philanthropist, was born in November 1824 at Esholt, near Bradford, Yorkshire, the son of Matthew Harper Mitchell, a small local textile manufacturer, and his wife, Ann. He went to a local elementary school, and at the age of fourteen entered his father's worsted mill to learn the principles of textile manufacture. In 1841 he was taken on by the worsted firm of ...

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Richard Oastler (1789–1861) by James Posselwhite (after B. Garside) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Oastler, Richard (1789–1861), factory reformer, was born on 20 December 1789 in St Peter's Square, Leeds, the eighth and last child of Robert Oastler (1748–1820), a local linen merchant, and his wife, Sarah Scurr (d. 1828). Of his mother's family little is known save that they were devout and respected middle-class folk who had been established in ...

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Rank, Joseph (1854–1943), flour miller and philanthropist, was born at Holderness Road in Hull on 28 March 1854, the second of four sons (the eldest died in infancy) of James Rank (1829–1874), miller, and his first wife, Mary Ann (d. 1858), daughter of ...

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Trevellick, Richard F. (1830–1895), trade unionist and campaigner for social reform, was born on 2 May 1830 to a humble farming family on St Mary's, in the Isles of Scilly. Very little is known of his parents, though his mother was reputed to have had aristocratic ancestors. He had three brothers and a sister. ...

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Wakefield, Charles Cheers, first Viscount Wakefield (1859–1941), oil industrialist and philanthropist, was born in Liverpool on 12 December 1859, the fourth and youngest son (there were no daughters) of John Wakefield, a customs official, and his wife, Mary, daughter of William Cheers, of ...

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See White family

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See White family