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Aiken, Francis Thomas [Frank] (1898–1983), Irish revolutionary and politician, was born on 13 February 1898 at Carrickbracken, Camlough, co. Armagh, into a well-to-do farming family. He was the son of a James Aiken and his wife, Mary McGeeney. As well as being a farmer, his father was also a builder, responsible for many churches in ...

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Allen, John (d. 1855), Irish nationalist and army officer, was a native of Dublin, where he was also for some time a partner in a drapery business. His participation in the United Irish movement brought him the unwanted attention of the authorities and he left ...

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Ashe, Thomas [Tomás Aghas] (1885–1917), schoolteacher and Irish republican, was born on 12 January 1885 at Lispole, co. Kerry, the fourth son and seventh of the ten children of Gregory Ashe, a farmer, and Ellen Hanafin, daughter of Patrick Hanafin of Tobar. He became a monitor at ...

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Barry, Thomas Bernardine (1897–1980), Irish revolutionary and folk hero, was born on 1 July 1897 in Killorglin, co. Kerry, the eldest son and second of eleven children of Thomas Barry, a policeman, and his wife, Margaret Donovan, both of co. Cork. After Tom...

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Barton, Robert Childers (1881–1975), Irish nationalist and politician, was born on 14 March 1881 at Glendalough House, Annamoe, co. Wicklow, son of Charles William Barton (1836–1890), a landowner, and his wife, Agnes Alexandra Frances, née Childers (d. 1918). The family owned a large estate in ...

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See Boland, Henry James [Harry]

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Henry James Boland (1887–1922) by unknown photographer, 1919 Getty Images

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Boland, Henry James [Harry] (1887–1922), tailor's cutter and Irish revolutionary, was born on 27 April 1887 at 6 Dalymount Terrace, Phibsborough Road, north Dublin, the third of five children of James Henry Boland (1856–1895), paving overseer for the Dublin corporation, and Catherine (...

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Bond, Oliver (1760/61–1798), woollen merchant and Irish nationalist, was born at St Johnstown, co. Donegal, the son of a dissenting minister. His full name may have been Oliver Cromwell Bond, as this was used in contemporary reports of his radical activities. After serving an apprenticeship in ...

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Brennan, Michael [Mícheál] (1896–1986), Irish revolutionary and general, was born on 2 February 1896 at Gortgarraun, near Meelick, co. Clare, the youngest of three rebel sons of Patrick Brennan, a tenant farmer (1865–1901), and Mary (1862/3–1939), daughter of Michael Clancy from Rathurd, co. Limerick...

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Brennan, Robert (1881–1964), Irish republican and diplomatist, was born in John's Gate Street, Wexford, on 22 July 1881, one of five children of Robert Brennan, a victualler and cattle dealer, and his wife, Bridget, née Kearney, shopkeeper. After completing local schooling by the ...

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Browne, Kathleen Anne (1876–1943), politician and historian, was born at Bridgetown, co. Wexford, on 31 October 1876, the eldest daughter of Michael Browne, landowner and farmer, and his wife, Mary Eleanor Stafford, of Rathronan Castle, Wexford. She was educated at the Bridgetown national school...

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Brugha, Caitlin [née Catherine Mary Kingston] (1879–1959), company director and politician, was born Catherine Mary Kingston, at Birr (or Parsonstown), co. Offaly, on 9 December 1879, the daughter of William Kingston, shopkeeper, and his wife, Catherine, née Roche. She was educated at the ...

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Buckley, Daniel Richard [Domhnall Ua Buachalla] (1866–1963), Irish nationalist and last governor-general of the Irish Free State, was born on 3 February 1866 at Maynooth, co. Kildare, the fourth of the six children of Cornelius Buckley, merchant, and his wife, Sarah (1838–1918), daughter of ...

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Butler, Simon (1757–1797), barrister and Irish nationalist, was born in July 1757, the third son of Edmund Butler, tenth Viscount Mountgarret (d. 1779), landowner and barrister, and his wife, Charlotte (d. 1778), daughter of Sir Simon Bradstreet and his wife, Ellen...

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Byrne, Miles (1780–1862), Irish revolutionary and officer in the French army, was born on 20 March 1780 at Monaseed on the borders between co. Wexford and co. Wicklow, the son of Patrick Byrne (d. 1796), a farmer, and Mary Graham. His family were Catholic petty gentry in a region that was marked by sectarian tensions. ...

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Joseph Cahill (1920–2004) by Paul Faith, 2003 PA Photos

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Cahill, Joseph [Joe] (1920–2004), Irish republican activist, was born on 19 May 1920 at 60 Divis Street, Belfast, the eldest son and first of the eleven children of Joseph Cahill, printer, and his wife, Josephine, née Mulholland. A Roman Catholic, he attended St Mary's Christian Brothers School...

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Callan [née Hughes], Margaret (c. 1817–c. 1883), Irish nationalist, was born about 1817 in Newry, co. Down, one of the six daughters and five sons of Philip Hughes, a merchant in Newry, and his wife, Susanna, the daughter of Patrick Gavan...

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Cane, Robert (1807–1858), Irish nationalist, was born at Kilkenny. His mother's maiden name was Scott. After serving an apprenticeship as a pharmacist he found the means of attending the College of Surgeons, Dublin, and in 1831 was admitted as a member of the ...