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Sir Robert Anderson (1841–1918) by James Russell & Sons © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, Sir Robert (1841–1918), spymaster, detective chief, and author, was born on 29 May 1841 in Mountjoy Square, Dublin, the son of Matthew Anderson (1804–1888), crown solicitor, Dublin, and his wife, Mary. He himself described his more distant forebears as 'among the Scotch colonists who made ...

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Ashton [Assheton], Sir John (d. 1427), soldier and administrator, came of a gentry family which took its name from Ashton under Lyne in Lancashire, and which had estates there, as well as at Manchester, Wardle, and Alt in that county, and at Morley...

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Ashton, Sir Robert (d. 1384), soldier and administrator, came from Long Ashton in Somerset, and was the son of another Robert Ashton. The younger Robert's date of birth is uncertain, but he was already a knight in 1361. He accompanied Lionel, duke of Clarence...

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Athée, Girard d' (fl. 1198–c. 1210), mercenary and administrator, was a native of Athée near Tours in north-west France. With hostile intent, the French chronicler Guillaume le Breton claims that he was of servile birth, but in all probability he was a minor knight or subtenant of the neighbouring lord of ...

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Babthorpe, Sir Robert (d. 1436), soldier and administrator, rose to prominence in the service of the Lancastrian dynasty. The family came from Babthorpe, in the parish of Hemingbrough, Yorkshire. Details of his parentage are not easy to establish, but he seems to have been the son of ...

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Badlesmere, Sir Bartholomew (c. 1275–1322), soldier and administrator, was the son and heir of Guncelin of Badlesmere (d. 1301), of Badlesmere, Kent, and an unknown mother. Like his father, who was a royal banneret and justice of Chester from 1274 to 1281, ...

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Beauchamp, Sir Walter (d. 1430), soldier, administrator, and speaker of the House of Commons, was probably the second son of Sir John Beauchamp of Powick, Worcestershire, and his wife, Elizabeth. First recorded in 1392 as retained by Thomas of Woodstock, duke of Gloucester...

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Beaufort, John, marquess of Dorset and marquess of Somerset (c. 1371–1410), soldier and administrator, was the first offspring of the liaison between John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (1340–1399), and Katherine Swynford (1350?–1403) [see Katherine, duchess of Lancaster]. He became a staunch supporter of ...

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Blount, Charles, eighth Baron Mountjoy and earl of Devonshire (1563–1606), soldier and administrator, was the second son of James Blount, sixth Baron Mountjoy (1532/3–1581), nobleman [see under Blount, Charles, fifth Baron Mountjoy], and his wife, Catherine (d. 1576), daughter of ...

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Charles Blount, eighth Baron Mountjoy and earl of Devonshire (1563–1606) by Nicholas Hilliard, 1587 by permission of the Trustees of the Carew Pole Family Trusts; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bonsall, Sir Arthur Wilfred [Bill] (1917–2014), intelligence officer and civil servant, was born on 25 June 1917 at 1 Clairville Road, Middlesbrough, the elder son of Wilfred Cook Bonsall (1888–1963), a private in the Machine Gun Corps and later company secretary at ...

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Boteler, Ralph, first Baron Sudeley (c. 1394–1473), soldier and administrator, was the youngest surviving son of Thomas Boteler of Sudeley, Gloucestershire, and Alice (d. 1443), daughter of Sir John Beauchamp of Powick, Worcestershire. He was probably born in or about 1394. Thomas Boteler...

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Bowes, Sir George (1527–1580), soldier and administrator, was the eldest surviving son of Richard Bowes, esquire (c.1497–1558), soldier, and his wife [see Bowes, Elizabeth (bap. 1505, d. in or before 1572)], the coheir of William Aske of Aske in the ...

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Brocas, Sir Bernard (c. 1330–1395), soldier and administrator, was a younger son of Sir John Brocas (d. 1365) of Clewer and Windsor, Berkshire, and his first wife, Margaret (d. in or before 1366); his father's family was of Gascon descent. Although the deaths of two intermediate heirs would eventually make him his father's successor, as a younger son ...

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Burgh, Thomas, Baron Burgh (c. 1430–1496), administrator and soldier, was the eldest son of Thomas Burgh and Elizabeth, daughter and coheir of Sir Henry Percy of Harthill, Yorkshire. He inherited his mother's estates, including Gainsborough (Lincolnshire) and a moiety of the Mitford barony...

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Camoys, Thomas, Baron Camoys (c. 1350–1420/21), administrator and soldier, was the son of John Camoys and heir of his uncle Thomas, Lord Camoys. The uncle died on 11 April 1372, and his lands were given to the heir on 12 October. Camoys served with the retinue of his kinsman ...

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Thomas Camoys, Baron Camoys (c. 1350–142021) memorial brass [with his wife, Elizabeth] reproduced by courtesy of H. M. Stutchfield, F.S.A., Hon. Secretary of the Monumental Brass Society

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Cantilupe [Cantelupe], Nicholas, third Lord Cantilupe (c. 1301–1355), soldier, administrator, and justice, was a son of William de Cantilupe, first Lord Cantilupe (1262–1308), and Eve Boltby (d. after 1314), formerly the wife of Alan of Walkingham, and succeeded his elder brother, William, ...

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George Carew, earl of Totnes (1555–1629) by Robert van Voerst, pubd 1633 © National Portrait Gallery, London