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Addis, Sir Charles Stewart (1861–1945), banker and government adviser, was born on 23 November 1861 in Edinburgh, the youngest of twelve children of the Revd Thomas Addis (1813–1899), a Free Church of Scotland minister, and his wife, Robina, daughter of a tea merchant in ...

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Alexander, Sir Kenneth John Wilson [Ken] (1922–2001), economist, university administrator, and public servant, was born on 14 March 1922 at 12 Kilmaurs Terrace, Edinburgh, the only son of William Wilson Alexander (1888–1930), lawyer, and his wife, Mary Logan Grahame, née Wilson (1888–1975), tailoress. He won a scholarship to ...

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Armstrong, William, Baron Armstrong of Sanderstead (1915–1980), civil servant and banker, was born in the Salvation Mothers' Home, Mare Street, Clapton, London, on 3 March 1915, the elder son of William Armstrong, of Stirling, and his wife, Priscilla Hopkins. Both his parents were ...

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William Armstrong, Baron Armstrong of Sanderstead (1915–1980) by Arnold Newman, 1978 Arnold Newman / Getty Images; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bonar, James (1852–1941), civil servant and economist, was born in the manse at Collace, Perthshire, on 27 September 1852, the elder son and second of the six children of the Revd Andrew Alexander Bonar (1810–1892), a Free Church minister, after whom the politician ...

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Brand, Robert Henry, Baron Brand (1878–1963), merchant banker and public servant, was born on 30 October 1878 in Kensington, London, the seventh child and fourth son of Henry Robert Brand, second Viscount Hampden of Glynde (1841–1906), soldier, Liberal MP, and colonial governor, and his second wife, ...

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Robert Henry Brand, Baron Brand (1878–1963) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bullock, Sir Christopher Llewellyn (1891–1972), public servant and businessman, was born on 10 November 1891 at Whiston, Northamptonshire, the second child and second son in the family of seven children (one of whom died at birth) of the Revd Llewellyn Christopher Watson Bullock (1866–1936)...

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Sir Alexander Kirkland Cairncross (1911–1998) by Walter Bird, 1963 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cairncross, Sir Alexander Kirkland [Alec] (1911–1998), economist and public servant, was born on 11 February 1911 at Pine Cottage, Lesmahagow, Lanarkshire, Scotland, the third of four sons and the seventh of eight children of Alexander Kirkland Cairncross (1865–1947), draper and ironmonger, and his wife, ...

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Catherwood, Sir Henry Frederick Ross (Fred) (1925–2014), businessman, politician, and evangelical leader, was born on 30 January 1925 in Creagh, near Bellaghy, County Londonderry, the eldest of three children of (Harold Matthew) Stuart Catherwood (1899–1973), haulier and bus company owner, and his wife ...

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Chamier, Anthony (1725–1780), financier and government official, was born on 6 October 1725 and baptized on 19 October 1725 at the French Huguenot chapel in Threadneedle Street, London, the fifth of the nine children of Daniel Chamier (1696–1741), merchant, and Susanne de la Mejanelle (1701/2–1787)...

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Chapman, Sir Sydney John (1871–1951), economist and civil servant, was born on 20 April 1871 in Staithe Street, Wells, Norfolk, the second son of David Chapman, a merchant who later became a mortgage and estate agent, and his wife, Maria Wells. David Leonard Chapman...

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Coates, Sir William Henry (1882–1963), civil servant and businessman, was born on 31 May 1882 at Runcorn, Cheshire, the second son of T. Mallalieu Coates, a member of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, and his wife, Esther, née Tough. Coates, who was known to his close colleagues as ...

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Davenant, Charles (1656–1714), government official and political economist, was born in London on 17 November 1656, the eldest son of Sir William Davenant (1606–1668), the poet and playwright, and his third wife, French-born Henrietta Maria du Tremblay (d. 1691). He went to school in ...

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Drummond, George (1687–1766), accountant-general of excise in Scotland and local politician, was born on 27 June 1687, probably at Edinburgh, although in some accounts his place of birth is given as Newton Castle in Perthshire, where his father had business and family connections. He was one of at least three children of the factor and merchant ...

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George Drummond (1687–1766) by Sir George Chalmers, 1764 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Fisher, Sir Antony George Anson (1915–1988), entrepreneur and founder of think-tanks, was born at 23 Launceston Place, Kensington, London, on 28 June 1915, the elder son of George Kenneth Thompson Fisher (1879–1917), civil servant and army officer, and his wife, Janet Katherine Mary...

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Fox, Sir Stephen (1627–1716), financier and government official, was born in Farley, Wiltshire, the seventh of ten children of William Fox (d. 1652) and his wife, Margaret Pavey. His parents were of modest wealth and seem to have lived on the lower margins of gentility. ...

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William Edward Harcourt, second Viscount Harcourt (1908–1979) by Elliott & Fry, 1959 © National Portrait Gallery, London