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Allen, Francis (c. 1583–1658), politician and regicide, was probably born in London, though nothing is as yet known of his early life or parentage. He first appears in the mid-1630s as a liveryman of the Goldsmiths' Company living on Fleet Street. He was one of those goldsmiths living in 'remote' places who opposed attempts to force them back into the ...

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Blagrave, Daniel (bap. 1603, d. 1668?), politician and regicide, was baptized on 20 November 1603 at St Mary's, Reading, the fifth son of Alexander Blagrave (d. 1612), a clothier of Southcote Lodge, Berkshire, and his wife, Margaret. A nephew of the mathematician ...

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Blakiston, John (bap. 1603, d. 1649), politician and regicide, was baptized on 21 August 1603 at Sedgefield in co. Durham, the third son of Marmaduke Blakiston (1565–1639) and Margaret James (1575–1636). He was apprenticed to Christopher Shafto of Newcastle upon Tyne, probably in 1613, and became a free burgess, as a mercer, in 1627. Later, royalists described him as either a pedlar, butcher, chandler, or shopkeeper, but such disparaging comments cannot detract from the fact that by 1632 he was one of ...

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Bourchier, Sir John (c. 1595–1660), politician and regicide, was the second but eldest surviving son of William Bourchier (1559–c.1631) of Beningborough, and his wife, Katherine (c.1565–1623), daughter of Sir Thomas Barrington of Hatfield Broad Oak, Essex. He was descended from a family of Norman extraction, a branch of which had settled in ...

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John Bradshaw, Lord Bradshaw (bap. 1602, d. 1659) by unknown engraver © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bradshaw, John, Lord Bradshaw (bap. 1602, d. 1659), lawyer, politician, and regicide, was born at Wibersley, in the parish of Stockport, Cheshire, and baptized on 10 December 1602 at St Mary's, Stockport, the second surviving son of Henry Bradshaw (d. 1654) of ...

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Carew, John (1622–1660), politician and regicide, was born on 3 July 1622, the second son of Sir Richard Carew, first baronet (1579/80–1643?), experimenter and educationist, of Antony, Cornwall, and his second wife, Grace (1603/4–1658), daughter of Robert Rolle of Heanton Satchville, Devon. He was admitted to ...

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Cawley, William (bap. 1602, d. 1667), politician and regicide, the eldest son of John Cawley (d. 1621), a brewer of Chichester who was three times mayor, and his third wife, Catherine, was born in Chichester and baptized on 3 November 1602 at ...

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Chaloner, Thomas (1595–1660), politician and regicide, was born at Steeple Claydon, Buckinghamshire, the third son of Sir Thomas Chaloner the younger (1563/4–1615) and Elizabeth Fleetwood (1568–1603), and elder brother of James Chaloner (c. 1602–1660). He matriculated at Exeter College, Oxford, on 7 June 1611, and was admitted to the ...

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Clements, Gregory (bap. 1594, d. 1660), politician and regicide, was baptized at St Andrew's, Plymouth, on 21 November 1594, the son of John Clement, a local merchant who became mayor of the town in 1614, and his wife, Judith Sparke. Clements's formal education may have been minimal and he followed his father into trade, but although he 'had no good elocution, yet [he] was of a good apprehension and judgement' (...

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Corbett, Miles (1594/5–1662), politician and regicide, was probably born in Sprowston, Norfolk, where several generations of the Corbett family are buried, the second son of Sir John Corbett, baronet (d. 1628), who married a daughter of Sir Arthur Capel. A pedigree compiled between 1655 and 1659 lists ...

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Danvers, Sir John (1584/5–1655), politician and regicide, was the third and youngest son of Sir John Danvers (1540–1594) of Dauntsey, Wiltshire, and of Danby Castle, Yorkshire, and his wife, Elizabeth (1545×50–1630), fourth daughter and coheir of John Neville (d. 1577), fourth and last Baron Latimer...

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Dixwell, John [alias James Davids] (c. 1607–1689), politician and regicide, was the younger son of Edward Dixwell of Coton, Warwickshire, and his wife, Mary (née Hawksworth), although he may have been brought up by an uncle, Sir Basil Dixwell of Brome...

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Gordon Goodwin

Reviser J. T. Peacey

Edwards, Humphrey (d. 1658), politician and regicide, was the eldest surviving son of Thomas Edwards (d. 1635) of Shrewsbury and Anne, daughter of Humphrey Baskerville, alderman of London, and widow of Stephen Duckett. He was admitted to Shrewsbury School in 1615, and to ...

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Holland, Cornelius (1600–1671?), politician and regicide, the eldest son of Ralph Holland (1581–1625), Merchant Taylor, of London, and his wife, Joan (d. 1634), was born at St Laurence Pountney, London, on 3 March 1600; his family may have been that which had been prominent in the ...

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Livesay [Livesey], Sir Michael, first baronet (1614–1665?), politician and regicide, was the only surviving son of Gabriel Livesay (d. 1622) of Hollingborne, Kent, and his second wife, Anne, daughter of Sir Michael Sondes, of Throwley. Although often portrayed as an upstart family, the ...

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Love, Nicholas (bap. 1608, d. 1682), politician and regicide, was baptized on 26 October 1608 in St Swithun's, Winchester, the son of Dr Nicholas Love (d. 1630), headmaster of Winchester College, and his wife, Dousabell Colnett. He matriculated at Wadham College, Oxford...

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Henry Marten (1601/22–1680) by Sir Peter Lely, 1650s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Marten [Martin], Henry [Harry] (1601/2–1680), politician and regicide, was the eldest son and heir of Sir Henry Marten (c. 1561–1641), civil lawyer and judge, and his wife, Elizabeth (1573/4–1618). He was born in his father's Oxford house opposite Merton College chapel and had a younger brother, ...

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Mauleverer, Sir Thomas, first baronet (bap. 1599, d. 1655), politician and regicide, was born at Allerton Mauleverer, Yorkshire, and baptized there on 9 April 1599, the eldest son of Sir Richard Mauleverer of Allerton Mauleverer (c.1528–1603), high sheriff of Yorkshire in 1588, and his second wife, ...