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Allen, Francis (c. 1583–1658), politician and regicide, was probably born in London, though nothing is as yet known of his early life or parentage. He first appears in the mid-1630s as a liveryman of the Goldsmiths' Company living on Fleet Street. He was one of those goldsmiths living in '...

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Alured, John (bap. 1607, d. 1651), army officer and regicide, was baptized in the parish of All Saints, Sculcoates, Hull, Yorkshire, on 4 April 1607, the eldest son of Henry Alured (c.1581–1628), gentleman landowner, and his wife, Frances (d. 1626)...

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Sir Thomas Andrewes (d. 1659) by unknown artist private collection

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Andrewes, Sir Thomas (d. 1659), financier and regicide, was the son of Robert Andrewes of Feltham, Middlesex, a Plymouth adventurer and subscriber to the Massachusetts Bay Company, and his wife, Margaret. He was a member of the Leathersellers' Company (and its master in 1638–9), and from 1631 ran a wholesale linen drapery business at the ...

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See Ashe, John

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Ashe, John (1597–1659), clothier and parliamentarian activist, was born in Westcombe, Somerset, the eldest son of James Ashe (d. 1646), clothier, and his wife, Grace Pitt, daughter of Richard Pitt of Weymouth. He was baptized at Batcombe, in the same county, on 27 October 1597. He married ...

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Axtell, Daniel (bap. 1622, d. 1660), parliamentarian army officer and regicide, was baptized on 26 May 1622 at Great Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, probably the son of William Axtell (d. 1638), chief burgess of the town, and his wife, Dorothy Symons (d. 1629)...

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Bankes [née Hawtrey], Mary, Lady Bankes (d. 1661), royalist landholder, was the only daughter and an heir of Ralph Hawtrey (1570–1638) and his wife, Mary Altham (1578–1647). The Hawtreys claimed Norman descent and established themselves in Ruislip, Middlesex, in the sixteenth century. In 1618 she married ...

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Barkstead, John [created Sir John Barkstead under the protectorate] (d. 1662), major-general and regicide, was probably the son of Michael Barkstead, a London goldsmith, and his wife, Anne, daughter of John Downing. His grandfather had lived at Lichfield in Staffordshire and his family was originally from ...

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Berry, James (d. 1691), parliamentarian army officer and major-general, was in the late 1630s employed as a clerk in an ironworks in the west midlands. He was a friend of the puritan divine Richard Baxter with whom he shared a house for some time. ...

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Bickerstaffe, Henry (bap. 1606, d. in or after 1661), Digger, was baptized on 6 July 1606 at White Notley, Essex, a younger son of Robert Bickerstaffe (d. 1640), landowner of Walton-on-Thames and Croydon, Surrey, and Katherine (fl. 1597–1640), daughter of John Lambert...

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Blagrave, Daniel (bap. 1603, d. 1668?), politician and regicide, was baptized on 20 November 1603 at St Mary's, Reading, the fifth son of Alexander Blagrave (d. 1612), a clothier of Southcote Lodge, Berkshire, and his wife, Margaret. A nephew of the mathematician ...

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Blakiston, John (bap. 1603, d. 1649), politician and regicide, was baptized on 21 August 1603 at Sedgefield in co. Durham, the third son of Marmaduke Blakiston (1565–1639) and Margaret James (1575–1636). He was apprenticed to Christopher Shafto of Newcastle upon Tyne, probably in 1613, and became a free burgess, as a mercer, in 1627. Later, royalists described him as either a pedlar, butcher, chandler, or shopkeeper, but such disparaging comments cannot detract from the fact that by 1632 he was one of ...

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Boteler [Butler], William (fl. 1645–1670), parliamentarian army officer and major-general, was the son of Noel (or Neville) Boteler of Barnwell in Northamptonshire; the Anglican clergyman Edward Boteler was probably his brother. There is little information about his early life but he reputedly attended ...

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Bothumley, Jacob (1613–1692), Ranter, was born in 1613 in Leicester, the son of William Bauthumley (1586–1635), a shoemaker, and was baptized on 23 May. He was apprenticed to his father in 1627. Both father and son were members of a semi-separatist group in ...

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Bourchier, Sir John (c. 1595–1660), politician and regicide, was the second but eldest surviving son of William Bourchier (1559–c.1631) of Beningborough, and his wife, Katherine (c.1565–1623), daughter of Sir Thomas Barrington of Hatfield Broad Oak, Essex. He was descended from a family of Norman extraction, a branch of which had settled in ...

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John Bradshaw, Lord Bradshaw (bap. 1602, d. 1659) by unknown engraver © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bradshaw, John, Lord Bradshaw (bap. 1602, d. 1659), lawyer, politician, and regicide, was born at Wibersley, in the parish of Stockport, Cheshire, and baptized on 10 December 1602 at St Mary's, Stockport, the second surviving son of Henry Bradshaw (d. 1654) of ...

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Bridge, Sir Tobias (d. after 1672), parliamentarian army officer and politician, was a younger son of John Bridge (d. c.1652) of Hatfield Broad Oak, Essex, and his wife, Anne, of whom further details are unknown. His father, who was variously described as a tailor and a yeoman, was a brother of ...

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Brooke, Humphrey (bap. 1618, d. 1693), physician and Leveller, was baptized on 29 March 1618 at St Mary Woolnoth, London, the son of Robert Brooke, gentleman, of London. He attended Merchant Taylors' School from 1632 to 1636, and matriculated from St John's College, Oxford...