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Ascham, Anthony (bap. 1614, d. 1650), diplomat and pamphleteer, was baptized on 6 March 1614 in Boston, Lincolnshire, the son of Thomas and Cicilly (d. 1634) Ascham or Ascombe. Little is known of his parents, though Allen states he was descended of the same family as ...

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Barlow, Joel (1754–1812), poet and diplomatist, was born on 24 March 1754 at Redding, Connecticut, the fourth child of Samuel Barlow, farmer, and his second wife, Esther Hull. For several generations the Barlow family maintained a reputation as respectable farmers in America, and ...

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Biondi, Sir Giovanni Francesco (1572–1644), diplomat and romance writer, was born at Lesina (now Hvar), Croatia. His family, whose surname was Biundović until the 1600s, was noble but of modest means. Giovanni took a law degree at Padua and, after a period in ...

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Bowring, Sir John (1792–1872), politician, diplomatist, and writer, was born on 17 October 1792 at Larkbeare (also known as Great Larkbeare), Holloway Street, Exeter, Devon, the eldest son and second of the nine children of Charles Bowring (1769–1856), a wool merchant, and his wife, ...

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Sir John Bowring (1792–1872) by John King, 1826 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Dudley Carleton, Viscount Dorchester (1574–1632) by Michiel Janszoon van Miereveldt, c. 1620 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Carleton, Dudley, Viscount Dorchester (1574–1632), diplomat and letter writer, was born on 10 March 1574, the second son of Antony Carleton of Brightwell Baldwin, Oxfordshire, and his second wife, Jocosa, daughter of John Goodwin of Winchendon, Buckinghamshire. Educated first at Westminster School under ...

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Caxton, William (1415x24–1492), printer, merchant, and diplomat, was the first Englishman to print books, bringing the printing press to England in 1475 or 1476.

Nothing is known of Caxton's family or his place of birth. He was born in the weald of Kent...

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See Duncan, Mark

Article

Crawfurd, (John) Oswald Frederick [pseud. John Dangerfield] (1834–1909), writer and diplomatist, born in Wilton Crescent, London, on 18 March 1834, was the son of John Crawfurd (1783–1868), diplomatist, and his wife, Anne Horatia (d. 1855), daughter of James Perry, editor of the ...

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Etherege, Sir George (1636–1691/2), playwright and diplomat, was the second child and eldest son of George Etherege (bap. 1607, d. 1650) and his wife, Mary, née Powney (bap. 1612, d. 1699). Etherege's parents were married on 7 October 1634 at Bray, Maidenhead...

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Fane, Julian Henry Charles (1827–1870), diplomatist and poet, fifth (but fourth surviving) son of John Fane, eleventh earl of Westmorland (1784–1859), and his wife, Priscilla Anne Fane, née Wellesley-Pole, countess of Westmorland (1793–1879), was born on 10 October 1827 at Florence, where his father was minister. He was educated at ...

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Fox, Henry Edward, fourth Baron Holland of Holland and fourth Baron Holland of Foxley (1802–1859), diarist and diplomatist, was born on 7 March 1802 at Holland House, Kensington. He was the only surviving legitimate son of Henry Richard Fox, third Baron Holland (1773–1840)...

Article

W. P. Courtney

revised by Linda Frey and Marsha Frey

Harrison, William (1685–1713), poet and diplomat, was born in the parish of St Cross, Winchester, the son of Dorothy and William Harrison (d. 1694), rector of Cheriton, Hampshire, from 1672 until his death. He attended nearby Winchester College in 1698 and subsequently ...

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Oliver Charles Harvey, first Baron Harvey of Tasburgh (1893–1968) by Walter Bird, 1958 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Harvey, Oliver Charles, first Baron Harvey of Tasburgh (1893–1968), diplomatist and diarist, was born on 26 November 1893 at Rainthorpe Hall, near Norwich, the only son of Sir Charles Harvey, second baronet (1849–1928), landowner, and his second wife, Mary Anne Edith (d...

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Hurst, Brian Desmond (1895–1986), film director, was born Hans Moore Hawthorn Hurst at 23 Ribble Street, off the Newtonards Road in east Belfast, on 12 February 1895, the son of Robert Hurst (1855–1911), a shipyard blacksmith, and his wife, Esther, née Hawthorn (1866–1899)...

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Michael Heathorn Huxley (1899–1979) by Wolfgang Suschitzky, 1940 © Wolfgang Suschitzky

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Huxley, Michael Heathorn (1899–1979), diplomatist and editor, was born on 9 August 1899 at 39 Leinster Gardens, Bayswater, London, the third child of Henry Huxley (1865–1946), general practitioner, and his wife, Sophy Wylde, née Stobart (1865–1927), daughter of William Stobart, a Durham colliery owner. As a grandson of ...

Article

J. L. Gili

revised by P. J. Connell

Madariaga, Salvador de (1886–1978), writer and diplomatist, was born on 23 July 1886 at Corunna, Spain, the second child of José de Madariaga, colonel in the Spanish army, and his wife, Maria de la Ascensión Rojo. After graduating from the Instituto del Cardenal Cisneros, Madrid...