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Cust, Robert Needham (1821–1909), East India Company servant and orientalist, was born at Cockayne Hatley, Bedfordshire, on 24 February 1821, the second son of Henry Cockayne Cust (1780–1861), canon of Windsor, and his wife, Lady Anna Maria Elizabeth (d. 1866), eldest daughter of ...

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Davis, Samuel (1760–1819), East India Company servant and orientalist, was born in the West Indies, the younger son of John Davis, who held the post there of commissary-general, and his Welsh wife (née Phillips). He went to England with his mother and two sisters after the death of his father. Despite the evident poverty of the family, ...

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A. J. Arbuthnot

Reviser Robert Eric Frykenberg

Elliot, Sir Walter (1803–1887), East India Company servant and archaeologist, was born on 16 January 1803, the second but eldest surviving of the eight sons and three daughters of James Elliot (1772–1855) of Wolfelee, Roxburghshire, and his wife, Caroline (1777–1824), youngest daughter of ...

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Fraser, James (1712/13–1754), East India Company servant and collector of oriental manuscripts, was the second son of Alexander Fraser (d. 1733) of Reelig, near Inverness, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of Hugh Fraser of Belladrum. Fraser was appointed a writer to the ...

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Johnson, Richard (1753–1807), East India Company servant and collector of oriental art and manuscripts, was born on 16 November 1753, the third son of Alexander Johnson MD (bap. 1716, d. 1799), lawyer, and of his wife, Mary Pellins (b. 1720, d. in or after 1800)...

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Orme, Robert (1728–1801), historian of India and East India Company servant, was born on 25 December 1728 at Anjengo in Travancore, India. One of four children, he was the second son of Alexander Orme (d. 1736), chief of the settlement at Anjengo...

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Robert Orme (1728–1801) by Joseph Nollekens, 1774 The British Library

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Prendergast, Thomas (1807/8–1886), East India Company servant and writer on language learning, was the son of Sir Jeffrey Prendergast (1769–1856) and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Hew Dalrymple of Nunraw, East Lothian; they married in 1804. His father was born at Clonmel, was in the service of the ...

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Elihu Yale (1649–1721) by Enoch Seeman the younger, 1717 © Yale University Art Gallery

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Yale, Elihu (1649–1721), merchant and administrator in India and benefactor, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, on 5 April 1649, the second son of David Yale (1614–1690) of Denbighshire, merchant, and Ursula Yale (b. c.1624). In 1652 Elihu's family returned to Britain...