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Acheson, Archibald, second earl of Gosford (1776–1849), governor-in-chief of British North America, was born on 1 August 1776, the eldest son of Arthur Acheson, first earl of Gosford, and his wife, Millicent, the daughter of Lieutenant-General Edward Pole, of Radbourne in Derbyshire. He entered ...

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Du Pre Alexander, second earl of Caledon (1777–1839) by Charles Turner, pubd 1840 (after Richard Rothwell) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Alexander, Du Pre, second earl of Caledon (1777–1839), politician and colonial administrator, was born on 14 December 1777, the only son of James Alexander (1730–1802), first earl of Caledon, of Caledon Castle, co. Tyrone, and his wife, Anne (d. 1777), daughter of ...

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Amherst, William Pitt, first Earl Amherst of Arracan (1773–1857), diplomatist and governor-general of Bengal, was born on 14 January 1773 in Bath, the first of three children of Lieutenant-General William Amherst (1732–1781), aide-de-camp to the king, governor of St John's, Newfoundland, and adjutant-general of the army, and his wife, ...

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William Pitt Amherst, first Earl Amherst of Arracan (1773–1857) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1821 Toledo Museum of Art, Ohio; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, Sir George William (1791–1857), East India Company servant and colonial governor, was born in London, the son of Robert Anderson, a London merchant. He was educated at the East India College, Haileybury, and joined the Bombay establishment of the East India Company...

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Sir Edmund Andros (1637–1714) by unknown artist Bequest of Henry Lee Shattuck in memory of Morris Gray, © 2004 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

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Andros, Sir Edmund (1637–1714), colonial governor, was born in London on 6 December 1637, the third of the eight children of Amias Andros (1610–1674), master of ceremonies to Charles I and seigneur of Sausmarez in Guernsey, and his wife, Elizabeth (1610–1686), daughter of ...

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Arbuthnot, Marriot (1711–1794), naval officer and colonial governor, was born in Weymouth, the son of John Arbuthnott. He entered the navy about 1727, and passed his lieutenant's examination in August 1739 when he was described as upwards of twenty-seven (TNA: PRO, ADM 107/3, p. 334...

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Archdale, John (1642–1717), colonial governor, was born about 5 May 1642, the son of Mary Nevill and Thomas Archdale, a landowner in the parish of High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire; Thomas Archdale was the son of London merchant Richard Archdale, who had purchased the manors of ...

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Argall, Sir Samuel (bap. 1580, d. 1626), colonial governor and merchant, was baptized on 4 December 1580 at Holy Trinity, East Peckham, Kent, the fourth son of Richard Argall (c.1533–1588), politician, and his third wife, Mary Scott (d. 1598). Under his father's will ...

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Armitage, Sir Robert Perceval (1906–1990), colonial governor, was born on 21 December 1906 at Nungumbaukum, Madras, India, the first of two children of Frank Armitage (1872–1955) of the Indian police and his wife, Muriel (1879–1963), the daughter of the Revd Frederic Louis Byrde...

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Bagot, Sir Charles (1781–1843), diplomatist and governor-in-chief of British North America, was born on 23 September 1781 at Blithfield Hall, Staffordshire, the second surviving son of William, first Baron Bagot (1728–1798), and Elizabeth Louisa (d. 1820), the eldest daughter of John St John, ...

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Baillie, Charles Wallace Alexander Napier Ross Cochrane-, second Baron Lamington (1860–1940), colonial governor, was born in London on 29 July 1860, the fourth child and only son of the politician and author Alexander Dundas Ross Cochrane-Wishart-Baillie, first Baron Lamington (1816–1890), and his wife, ...

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Baring, (Charles) Evelyn, first Baron Howick of Glendale (1903–1973), colonial governor and Commonwealth diplomat, was born in Manchester Square, London, on 29 September 1903, the third son of Evelyn Baring, first earl of Cromer (1841–1917), and his second wife, Lady Katherine Georgiana Louisa Thynne (1865–1933)...

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Thomas George Baring, first earl of Northbrook (1826–1904) by Bassano © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Baring, Thomas George, first earl of Northbrook (1826–1904), politician and viceroy of India, was born at 16 Cumberland Street, London, on 22 January 1826, the eldest son of Sir Francis Thornhill Baring, third baronet and later first Baron Northbrook (1796–1866), and his first wife, ...

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See Barkly, Sir Henry

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Sir Henry Barkly (1815–1898) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barkly, Sir Henry (1815–1898), colonial governor, was born on 24 February 1815 at Highbury, Middlesex, the only surviving son of Aeneas Barkly (1768–1836), formerly of Kirkton Farm, Cromarty, Scotland, and his wife, Susannah Louisa, née ffrith, the orphan daughter of a Jamaican planter. He was educated at ...