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Adler, Henrietta [Nettie] (1868–1950), social worker and Jewish political activist, was born in London on 1 December 1868, the elder daughter of Rabbi Dr Hermann Adler (1839–1911) and his wife, Rachel Joseph (d. 1912). Her father was the son of Dr Nathan Marcus Adler...

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See Gaster, Moses

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Lord George Gordon (1751–1793) by R. Bran, pubd 1780 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gordon, Lord George (1751–1793), political and religious agitator, was born on 26 December 1751 in Upper Grosvenor Street, London, the third son of Cosmo George Gordon, third duke of Gordon (1720/21–1752), a landowner, and his wife, Lady Catherine Gordon (1718–1779), the daughter of ...

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Hinden [née Gesundheit], Rita (1909–1971), journalist and campaigner on colonial issues, was born on 16 December 1909 in Cape Town, Cape Colony, and given the name Rebecca, which she never used. She was the second of the four children of Jacob or Jacov Gesundheit (1880–1955)...

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Norman John Klugmann (1912–1977) by unknown photographer by permission of the People's History Museum

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Klugmann, Norman John [James] (1912–1977), political activist and writer, was born in Hampstead, London, on 27 February 1912, the third son and fourth child of Samuel Klugmann, a wealthy Jewish rope and twine merchant, and his wife, Anna Rosenheim. He entered Gresham's School, Holt...

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See Poplar councillors

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Lieberman, Aaron Samuel (1849?–1880), socialist activist, was probably born in 1849 in Lunna in Grodno province, then part of the Russian empire, son of Eliezer Dov Lieberman, a scholar of the Jewish enlightenment (haskalah). The family moved to Białystok and thence to ...

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Lincoln, Ignatius Timotheus Trebitsch [formerly Ignácz Trebitsch; name in religion Chao Kung] (1879–1943), political adventurer, was born in Paks, Hungary, on 4 April 1879, the second son of Nathan Trebitsch (d. 1899), a merchant, and his wife, Julia, née Freund (...

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Ludmer, Maurice Julian (1926–1981), journalist and political activist, was born at 42 Hilton Street, Salford, on 7 August 1926, the son of Ben Ludmer, a self-employed hairdresser, and his wife, Becky, née Lazarus, a teacher of Hebrew. The family moved to Birmingham in 1939 where ...

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Philipps [née Gerstenberg], Leonora [known as Mrs Wynford Philipps], Lady St Davids (1862–1915), political activist and campaigner for women's rights, was born on 4 November 1862 at 40 North Terrace, Camberwell, the younger daughter of Isidor Gerstenberg (1821–1876) of Stockleigh House, Regent's Park...

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Rickards, Esther (1893–1977), surgeon and socialist activist, was born on 13 July 1893 at 13 James Street, Paddington, London, one of seven children of John Edward Rickards (d. 1903?), veterinary surgeon, and his wife, Annie, formerly Somers. John Rickards had converted to Judaism in order to marry....

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Seldon, Arthur (1916–2005), economist, was born on 29 May 1916 in London's East End, the son of Pinchas Margolis, merchant, and his wife, Masha. He was orphaned at the age of two when his parents, Russian Jewish immigrants, both died in the outbreak of Spanish flu in 1918. He was adopted by a cobbler and his wife, ...

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Sherman, Sir Alfred (1919–2006), journalist and political activist, was born on 10 November 1919 at the Mothers' Hospital, Clapton, Hackney, in London, the son of Jacob Vladimir Sherman, tailor, and his wife, Eva, née Goldental, both Jewish immigrants from Russia. He was brought up in extreme poverty, and in a politically aware family; his father was a Labour councillor. He was educated at ...

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Wolf, Lucien (1857–1930), journalist and lobbyist, was born on 20 January 1857 in London, the elder son of Edward Wolf, pipe manufacturer, and his wife, Céline (née Redlich). On his father's side Bohemian, on his mother's Viennese, Wolf may have spent his working life in ...