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Bridgeman [née Parker], Dame Caroline Beatrix, Viscountess Bridgeman (1873–1961), political activist and churchwoman, was born on 30 June 1873, the third of five children and eldest daughter of the Hon. Cecil Thomas Parker (1845–1931), son of the sixth earl of Macclesfield and land agent for the ...

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Cecil, James Edward Hubert Gascoyne-, fourth marquess of Salisbury (1861–1947), politician and lay churchman, was born on 23 October 1861 at 21 Fitzroy Square, London, the eldest of the five sons and third of the eight children of Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, successively ...

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Cookman, George (bap. 1774, d. 1856), businessman, lay preacher, and radical politician, was baptized on 20 January 1774 in the church of St Peter in the village of Owthorne, on the east Yorkshire coast, the son of Grimston Cookman, yeoman, and his wife, ...

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Jocelyn, Robert, third earl of Roden (1788–1870), politician and religious leader, was born at Brockley Park, Queen's county, Ireland, on 27 October 1788, the eldest son of Robert Jocelyn, second earl of Roden (d. 1820), and his wife, Frances Theodosia, eldest daughter of ...

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Knightley [née Bowater], Louisa Mary, Lady Knightley (1842–1913), churchwoman and women's activist, was born on 25 April 1842 at 37 Lower Grosvenor Street, London, the only child of Major-General Sir Edward Bowater (1787–1861) and his wife, Emilia Mary, daughter of Colonel Michael Barne...

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Sir Richard Knightley (1533–1615) by unknown artist, 1567 The Trustees of the Firle Settlement. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Knightley, Sir Richard (1533–1615), politician and patron of puritans, was the eldest son of Sir Valentine Knightley of Fawsley, Northamptonshire, and his wife, Anne, the daughter of Edward Ferrers of Warwickshire. The family fortunes were based on sheep farming, for which the lands on their estates were enclosed, and on the death of his father in 1566 ...

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See Legh, Richard

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Lewkenor, Sir Edward (1542–1605), politician and patron of puritans, was born in Hertfordshire, the eldest son of the ten children of Edward Lewkenor (1517–1556), groom-porter in the household of Edward VI and Mary I, and his wife, Dorothy (c.1525–1589), daughter of ...

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Frederick Lygon, sixth Earl Beauchamp (1830–1891) by John Watkins, c. 1866–8 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lygon, Frederick, sixth Earl Beauchamp (1830–1891), Church of England layman and politician, was born on 10 November 1830, the third son of Henry, fourth Earl Beauchamp (1784–1863), and Lady Susan Caroline Eliot (1801–1835), daughter of William, second earl of St Germans.

The Lygon...

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Philipps, Sir John, fourth baronet (c. 1666–1737), politician and evangelical patron, was born about 1666 (the evidence of his funerary monument as to his date of birth being demonstrably unreliable). He was the second but first surviving son of Sir Erasmus Philipps, third baronet...

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Russell, Hastings William Sackville, twelfth duke of Bedford (1888–1953), evangelical Christian and pacifist, was born on 21 December 1888 at Cairnsmore House, Minnigaff, Kirkcudbrightshire, the only child of Lord Herbrand Arthur Russell, later eleventh duke of Bedford (1858–1940), and his wife, Mary Du Caurroy Russell (1865–1937)...