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Birtwistle, Thomas (1833–1912), trade unionist and factory inspector, was born at Great Harwood, Lancashire, on 16 October 1833, the son of Jonathan Birtwistle, a calico printer, and Ann Birtwistle, a hand-loom weaver. Put to the hand-loom at the age of six, he became a power-loom weaver when he was fourteen and married a fellow weaver, ...

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Margaret Grace Bondfield (1873–1953) by Bassano, 1922 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bondfield, Margaret Grace (1873–1953), trade unionist, campaigner for women's interests, and politician, was born on 17 March 1873 at Chard, Somerset, the tenth of eleven children and third of four daughters of William Bondfield (1814–1901), foreman laceworker, and his wife, Anne Taylor (1827?–1911)...

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Buxton, Sir (Thomas) Fowell, third baronet (1837–1915), philanthropist, brewer, and colonial governor, was born on 26 January 1837 at West Ham, Essex, the eldest of six sons of Sir Edward North Buxton, second baronet (1812–1858), and his wife, Catherine, second daughter of Samuel Gurney (1786–1856)...

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Clopton, Hugh (c. 1440–1496), merchant, mayor of London, and civil benefactor, was the younger son of John and Agnes Clopton, of Clopton, near Stratford upon Avon, where the family had been settled since the thirteenth century. Apprenticed to John Roo, mercer of London...

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Cook [née Graves], Cecily Mary (1889/90–1962), trade unionist and suffrage campaigner, daughter of Alfred Graves, was probably born in London, but little else is known about her early life. She married Herbert G. N. Cook, a secretary, on 6 November 1909. The couple's only child, a son, died at about the age of nineteen. Following ...

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Ewart, Sir William, first baronet (1817–1889), linen manufacturer, politician, and philanthropist, was born on 11 November 1817 in Sydenham, on the outskirts of Belfast, the eldest son of William Ewart (1789–1873) and Mary Anne, née Rosen. He was educated at the Belfast Royal Academy...

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Eyre, Simon (c. 1395–1458), merchant, mayor of London, and civic benefactor, was the son of John and Amy Eyre of Brandon, Suffolk, where he was born. He was apprenticed in London to the upholder (second-hand clothes dealer) Peter Smert, but transferred to the more prestigious ...

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Grant, Charles (1746–1823), director of the East India Company and philanthropist, was born in March 1746 at Aldourie farmhouse, Glen Urquhart, his mother's home, on Loch Ness in Inverness-shire in the highlands of Scotland. He was the third of seven children born to ...

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Hindley, Charles (1796–1857), politician and factory reformer, was born on 25 June 1796 at the Fairfield Moravian Settlement, Droylsden, near Manchester. He was the third son of Ignatius Hindley (1756–1803), a muslin manufacturer in Dukinfield, Cheshire, and his wife, Mary, née Ambler (1762–1801)...

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Leonard Horner (1785–1864) by unknown artist Heriot-Watt University Archive

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Horner, Leonard (1785–1864), factory inspector, geologist, and educationist, was born on 17 January 1785 at St George's Square, Edinburgh, the third and youngest son of John Horner (d. 1829), a wealthy whig linen merchant, and his wife, Joanna, née Baillie. In his youth his circle of acquaintances included ...

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Legge, Sir Thomas Morison (1863–1932), factory inspector, was born on 6 January 1863 in Hong Kong, the younger son of Reverend James Legge (1815–1897), missionary and Chinese scholar, and his second wife, Hannah Mary Willetts, née Johnstone (1822–1881). He was educated at Dollar Academy, Clackmannanshire...

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See Maclure, Edward Craig

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Merewether, Edward Rowland Alworth (1892–1970), factory inspector, was born on 2 March 1892 at 33 Arbour Square, Stepney, London, the only son and eldest of the three children of Alworth Edward Merewether (b. c.1870) later a Royal Navy surgeon, and his wife, ...

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Redgrave, Alexander (1818–1894), factory inspector, was born on 9 June 1818 in King's Road, Belgravia, London, one of the two children of William Redgrave, a manufacturer of wire fencing, and his second wife, Margaret, the widow of a Captain Ogilvie of Banffshire. Among his seven half-brothers and sisters were ...

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Stuart Rendel, Baron Rendel (1834–1913) by unknown photographer, 1910 Getty Images

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Rendel, Stuart, Baron Rendel (1834–1913), industrialist, politician, and philanthropist, was born in Plymouth on 2 July 1834, the fourth son in the family of four sons and three daughters of James Meadows Rendel (1799–1856), civil engineer, and his wife, Catherine Jane, daughter of ...

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Streatfeild, Lucy Anne Evelyn Deane (1865–1950), factory inspector and social worker, was born at Madras, India, on 31 July 1865, and was baptized there on the following day, the daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Bonar Millett Deane (1834–1881) and his wife, the Hon. Lucy Boscawen...

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Stuart, James (1775–1849), landowner, politician, and factory inspector, was the eldest son of Dr Charles Stuart (1745/6–1826), of Dunearn in Fife, and Mary, the daughter of the Revd Dr John Erskine. His father was minister of Cramond, on the Firth of Forth, and later a physician in ...