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Abrahams, Sir Lionel Barnett (1869–1919), economist and civil servant, was born in London on 9 December 1869, the only son of Mordecai Abrahams, secretary to the Initiation Society. Educated at the City of London School and Balliol College, Oxford, where he was an exhibitioner between 1892 and 1896 and won the Arnold historical essay prize in 1894, he headed the ...

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Sir Bernard Nathaniel Waley- Cohen, first baronet (1914–1991) by Miles & Kaye, 1961 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cohen, Sir Bernard Nathaniel Waley-, first baronet (1914–1991), public servant and businessman, was born on 29 May 1914 in London, the first son (and twin brother of Hetty) of the three children of Sir Robert Waley Cohen (1877–1952), businessman and government adviser, and his wife, ...

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Diamond, John [Jack], Baron Diamond (1907–2004), accountant and politician, was born on 30 April 1907 at 26 Savile Drive, Leeds, the son of Solomon Diamond (d. 1939), rabbi, and his wife, Henrietta, née Beckermann. He was originally named Joseph but adopted the name ...

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Eveske, Elias l' (d. in or after 1259), financier and leader of the Jewish community in England, was the eldest of the several sons of Benedict l'Eveske of London. Born before 1200, he became a prominent figure during the 1220s, and by the 1230s was firmly established as one of the leading members of the ...

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Goldsmid, Sir Henry Joseph [Harry] D'Avigdor-, second baronet (1909–1976), politician and bullion broker, was born at Somerhill, near Tonbridge, Kent, on 10 June 1909, the elder son (a daughter died in infancy) of Sir Osmond Elim D'Avigdor-Goldsmid, first baronet (1877–1940) (created 1934), and his wife, ...

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Goldsmid, Sir Isaac Lyon, first baronet (1778–1859), financier and Jewish communal leader, was born in London on 13 January 1778, the eldest of the six children of Asher Goldsmid, a bullion broker, and his wife, Rachel, née Keyser. Asher's father, Aaron, had settled in ...

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Sir Isaac Lyon Goldsmid, first baronet (1778–1859) by unknown artist Collection University College London; © reserved in the photograph

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King, John [formerly Jacob Rey] (c. 1753–1823), moneylender and radical, was born in London, the son of Moses Rey, a Jewish street trader of Gibraltarian or north African origin; he was named Jacob. He was educated at the charity school of the Spanish and Portuguese Jews and then, in 1771, apprenticed by the school to a Jewish merchant house in the ...

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Lever, (Norman) Harold, Baron Lever of Manchester (1914–1995), politician and businessman, was born in Cheetham, Manchester, on 15 January 1914, in a family of four sons and one daughter of Bernard Lever, textile merchant, and his wife, Bertha. Both parents were Orthodox Jews; their parents had emigrated from ...

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Levi, Leone (1821–1888), jurist, political economist, and statistician, was born on 6 June 1821 in Ancona, later part of the kingdom of Italy. He came from a middle-class Jewish family. His father, Isaac, and his elder brother were both merchants. Leone received a practical, commercial education and began working for his brother at the age of fifteen. He travelled to ...

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Leone Levi (1821–1888) by Elliott & Fry, 1873 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Maizels, Alfred [Alf] (1917–2006), economist, civil servant, and international civil servant, was born on 17 January 1917 at 100 Newark Street, Whitechapel, London, the third son of Israel Maizels, a master tailor who had immigrated from Poland in 1905, and his wife, Rebecca, ...

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Sir Moses Haim Montefiore (1784–1885) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Montefiore, Sir Moses Haim (1784–1885), financier and Jewish community leader, the eldest son of Joseph Elias Montefiore, a London businessman, and Rachel, the daughter of Abraham Lumbroso de Mattos Mocatta, was born in Leghorn, Italy (during a visit there by his parents), on 24 October 1784. On his father's side ...

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Ricardo, David (1772–1823), political economist, was born on 18 April 1772 at 36 Broad Street Buildings in the City of London, the third surviving child of Abraham Israel Ricardo (1733?–1812) and his wife, Abigail Delvalle (1753–1801). Sarah Ricardo Porter was his sister. The ...

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David Ricardo (1772–1823) by Thomas Phillips, exh. RA 1821 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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W. A. S. Hewins

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Ricardo, John Lewis (1812–1862), politician and entrepreneur, was the son of Jacob Ricardo, financier, and nephew of David Ricardo. In early life he showed great athletic prowess, on one occasion riding a spirited horse bareback up a staircase and into a dining-room at ...

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William Alexander Robson (1895–1980) by Elliott & Fry, 1963 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Robson, William Alexander (1895–1980), jurist and reformer, was born on 14 July 1895 at Finchley, Middlesex, the first son and youngest of three children of Jack Robson, born Jacob Alexander Isaacs, a dealer in pearls in Hatton Garden, and his wife, Esther Louisa Afriat...