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Acland, Sir John (c. 1552–1620), politician and benefactor, was the younger son of John Acland (d. 1553) of Acland Barton in the parish of Landkey, north Devon, and Margaret, daughter and coheir of Hugh Radcliff of Stepney and the Middle Temple. He was born into an established gentry family which already bore heraldic arms and owned lands in five other ...

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Sir Richard Thomas Dyke Acland, fifteenth baronet (1906–1990) by Howard Coster, 1939 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Acland, Sir Richard Thomas Dyke, fifteenth baronet (1906–1990), politician and benefactor, was born on 26 November 1906 at Broadclyst, Devon, his ancestral home, the eldest in the family of three sons and one daughter of Sir Francis Dyke Acland, fourteenth baronet (1874–1939), landowner and liberal politician, and his wife, ...

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Acland, Sir Thomas Dyke, tenth baronet (1787–1871), politician and philanthropist, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, ninth baronet (d. 1794), and Henrietta Anne (d. 1841), the only daughter of Sir Richard Hoare, was born in London on 29 March 1787. He became heir to the family estates when his father died on 17 May 1794. He was educated at ...

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Margaret Ashton (1856–1937) by Henry Lamb Manchester City Art Galleries / Estate of Henry Lamb

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Ashton, Margaret (1856–1937), local politician and philanthropist, was born on 19 January 1856 at Ashfield, Wilmslow Road, in Withington, Manchester, the third of the six daughters and three sons of Thomas Ashton (1818–1898), a wealthy cotton manufacturer, and his wife, Elizabeth (1831–1914), daughter of ...

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Thomas Babington (1758–1837) by Charles E. Wagstaff (after John Hoppner) © Copyright The British Museum

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Babington, Thomas (1758–1837), philanthropist and politician, was born on 18 December 1758, the eldest son and heir of Thomas Babington (1715–1776), of Rothley Temple, Rothley, Leicestershire, and his wife, Lydia (1726/7–1791), daughter of Joseph Cardale, vicar of Hinckley. After education at Rugby School...

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Baker, George (1825–1910), municipal politician and philanthropist, was born at Birmingham, on 11 May 1825, the eldest son in the family of four sons and two daughters of Edward Baker (1800–1857), grocer and later blacking manufacturer, and his wife, Maria, née Downing (1794/5–1869)...

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Balliol [Baliol], John de (b. before 1208, d. 1268), magnate and benefactor, was the eldest son and heir of Hugh de Balliol (d. 1229), lord of Barnard Castle in co. Durham and of Bailleul-en-Vimeu in Picardy. Probably named after King John, to whom his father, exceptionally among the baronage of the north of ...

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Barr [née Moyles], (Sarah) Venie (1875–1947), political activist and philanthropist, was born at Abbeyleix, Queen's county, on 3 October 1875, the daughter of James Moyles, a trader, and his wife, Eliza Jane Pratt. On 2 July 1901 she married Ainsworth Barr (...

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Bateman [Norwich], William (c. 1298–1355), diplomat, founder of Trinity Hall, Cambridge, and bishop of Norwich, was probably born in Norwich (from which he was sometimes named), the third son of William and Margery Bateman. His father was many times bailiff of the city, and in 1326–7 its member of ...

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Beavan, Margaret (1875–1931), welfare worker and local politician, was born at 28 Bowring Street, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, Lancashire, on 1 August 1875, the eldest daughter of Jeffrey Beavan, bookkeeper and later fire insurance manager, and his wife, Ellen Catherine Williams. The Beavan children enjoyed a close family childhood in comfortable circumstances. Most of their time was spent at the family home in ...

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Sir Thomas Bodley (1545–1613) by unknown artist © Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

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Bodley, Sir Thomas (1545–1613), scholar, diplomat, and founder of the Bodleian Library, Oxford, was born on 2 March 1545 in a house on the corner of High Street and Gandy Street, Exeter, the eldest son of John Bodley (c. 1520–1591), religious radical and publisher, of ...

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Borlase, Sir William (c. 1562–1629), politician and benefactor, was the only son of John Borlase (d. 1593) and his wife, Anne (d. 1622), daughter of Sir Robert Lytton of Knebworth, Hertfordshire. Although the family of Borlase or Burlace was Cornish in origin ...

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Reginald Brabazon, twelfth earl of Meath (1841–1929) by Sir William Orpen, exh. RA 1929 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brabazon, Reginald, twelfth earl of Meath (1841–1929), politician and philanthropist, was born on 31 July 1841 in a house near Belgrave Square, London, the second son of William Brabazon (1803–1887), styled Lord Brabazon and from 1851 eleventh earl of Meath, and his wife, ...

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Brome, Adam (d. 1332), administrator and first founder of Oriel College, Oxford, was probably the son of Thomas of Brome, who took his name from Brome near Eye in Suffolk; according to the inquisition held after the death of Edmund, earl of Cornwall...

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Buxton, Charles Roden (1875–1942), politician and philanthropist, was born at 14 Grosvenor Crescent, London, on 27 November 1875, the seventh child in a family of ten and the third son of Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton (1837–1915), third baronet and director of a brewery, and his wife, ...