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Croft, Thomas (c. 1435–1488), customs official, shipowner, and patron of Atlantic exploration, was the son of William Croft (d. 1439) of Croft Castle, Herefordshire, and Isabella, presumably a second wife. He was born during the 1430s, the youngest of four brothers, including ...

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Dash, Jack O'Brien (1907–1989), political activist and unofficial dockers' leader, was born on 23 April 1907 in Southwark, south London, the youngest of four sons of Joseph Thomas Dash, a stagehand, and his wife, Rose Gertrude Johns, an actor. According to Dash's own account, his upbringing was one of great material hardship. His mother died of tuberculosis when he was seven and his father, who then had an even greater struggle to support the family, also died of a lung complaint a few years later. After an elementary schooling, his skill at drawing led to a trial period with an engraving firm, but pressure to take home a better wage resulted in a series of menial jobs, starting in a ...

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Gibson, Francis (bap. 1752, d. 1805), mariner and collector of customs, was baptized at Whitby, Yorkshire, on 16 January 1752, the son of Joseph Gibson, commander of a merchant ship, and his wife, Mary, daughter of a customs controller at Whitby. He was sent to the day school run by ...

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Goldsborough, Sir John (d. 1693), mariner and East India Company servant, is of obscure antecedents. A branch of the Goldsborough family was domiciled at Hadleigh near Ipswich in the seventeenth century and Goldsborough bequeathed a life interest in an estate in Suffolk to his wife; otherwise there are no indications of links with the county. He also left her house property in ...

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John Hawley the elder (c. 1350–1408) memorial brass by kind permission of Becky Wright Photos; St Saviour's Church, Dartmouth

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Hawley, John, the elder (c. 1350–1408), pirate, merchant, and administrator, of Dartmouth, Devon, was the younger son of the first John Hawley who settled in Dartmouth some time before 1340. Hawley was elected mayor for the first time in 1374—the beginning of a career which would make him the richest and most important man in ...

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Marryat, Joseph (1757–1824), West Indian slave owner, ship owner, and politician, was born in Southwold, Suffolk, on 8 October 1757, the eldest son of Thomas Marryat and his wife, Sarah, née Davy. His father, initially a Presbyterian minister in Southwold before becoming a physician, practised in ...

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Marsh, Richard William, Baron Marsh (1928–2011), politician and businessman, was born on 14 March 1928 at 41 Rolleston Street, Swindon, Wiltshire, the only child of William Marsh, coremaker for the Great Western Railway, and his wife, Elsie, née Ball. He was educated at ...

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Sitch, Charles Henry (1887–1960), trade unionist and politician, was born at Saltney, Chester, on 4 May 1887, the third son of Thomas Sitch (1852–1923), chain maker and trade unionist, and his wife, Elizabeth (née Young). Thomas Sitch was born at ...

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E. I. Carlyle

Reviser Anita McConnell

Vaughan, William (1752–1850), promoter of the London docks, was born in London on 22 September 1752, the second son of Samuel Vaughan (1720–1802), a London merchant, and his wife, Sarah (1727–1809), daughter of Benjamin Hallowell of Boston, Massachusetts. He received a good education, first at ...