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Buck, Sir Percy Carter (1871–1947), musician, was born Percy Hartshorn Buck on 25 March 1871 in West Ham Lane, West Ham, Essex, the son of William Richard Buck, clerk in the War Office, and his wife, Alice Emmeline Wilson. He was educated at ...

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Charles Burney (1726–1814) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1781 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Burney, Charles (1726–1814), musician and author, was born on 7 April 1726 in Raven Street, Shrewsbury, the fourth of six children of James Macburney (1678–1749), dancer, musician, and portraitist, and his second wife, Ann Cooper (c.1690–1775).

Article

L. M. Middleton

revised by David J. Golby

Flowers, George French (1811–1872), composer and musical theorist, was born on 28 June 1811 in Boston, Lincolnshire, the fourth son of Field Flowers, later rector of Partney. He studied music with C. H. Rinck and Schnyder von Wartensee in Germany, and went on to graduate BMus from ...

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Geminiani, Francesco Saverio (1687–1762), composer and music theorist, was born in Lucca, Italy, probably on 3 December 1687 (the feast day of St Francis Xavier), two days before his baptism, the fourth son of Giuliano Antonio Geminiani (fl. 1681–1707) and his wife, ...

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Philip Arnold Heseltine [Peter Warlock] (1894–1930) by unknown photographer, 1915 © reserved; private collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London / Oxford University Press

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Heseltine, Philip Arnold [pseud. Peter Warlock] (1894–1930), music scholar and composer, was born on 30 October 1894 in the Savoy Hotel, London, the only child of Arnold Heseltine (1852–1897), solicitor, of London, and his second wife, Bessie Mary Edith Covernton (1861–1943). In 1903 ...

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Hothby, John (c. 1430–1487), composer and music theorist, was the son of William Hothby (d. in or before 1473), and on the evidence of his later career was born about 1430. John joined the Carmelite order at an unknown date, and may be identifiable with the ...

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Parry, Sir (Charles) Hubert Hastings, baronet (1848–1918), composer and historian of music, was born on 27 February 1848 at 2 Richmond Terrace, Bournemouth, the sixth of six children of Thomas Gambier Parry (1816–1888) of Highnam Court, Gloucestershire, painter and art collector, and his first wife, ...

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Sir (Charles) Hubert Hastings Parry, baronet (1848–1918) by Emil Otto Hoppé, 1915 by permission of the E. O. Hoppé Trust, Curatorial Assistance, Inc., Los Angeles; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Ravenscroft, Thomas (b. 1591/2), music theorist and composer, was quite probably one of the Flintshire Ravenscrofts: on a flyleaf of the copy of A Briefe Discourse (1614) that he presented to Sir John Egerton, whose mother was Elizabeth Ravenscroft of Bretton, the author described himself as 'the meanest of a name soe much honored by you'. The ...

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Stainer, Sir John (1840–1901), musicologist and composer, was born on 6 June 1840 at 2 Broadway, Southwark, London, the eighth of nine children of William Stainer (1802–1867), a schoolmaster at the parish school of St Thomas's, Southwark, and his wife, Ann Collier (1803–1884)...

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Sir John Stainer (1840–1901) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Tovey, Sir Donald Francis (1875–1940), music scholar and composer, was born on 17 July 1875 at 23 High Street, Eton, Buckinghamshire, the youngest of the four children of the Revd Duncan Crookes Tovey (1842–1912), and his wife, Mary Fison (d. 1908). Two sisters had died in infancy, but ...

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Sir Donald Francis Tovey (1875–1940) by Sir William Rothenstein, c. 1936 © Estate of Sir William Rothenstein / National Portrait Gallery, London

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Truscott, Harold (1914–1992), musicologist and composer, was born on 23 August 1914 at 66 Holmwood Road, Ilford, Essex, the younger son of Ernest Truscott (c.1880–c.1950) and his wife, Emily Annie Warren (c.1890–c.1953). His father was a ...

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Whittaker, William Gillies (1876–1944), composer and musicologist, was born on 23 July 1876 in Newcastle upon Tyne, the only son of John Whittaker, a railway clerk for the North Eastern Railway Company, and his wife, Mary Jane Gillies (c.1854–1932), daughter of a ...

Article

Robert Bridges

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Wooldridge, Harry Ellis (1845–1917), musician and artist, was born on 28 March 1845 in the parish of St Lawrence in Winchester, Hampshire, the son of Harry Wooldridge, stationer and publisher, and his wife, Emma Frances Jones. He was educated privately before starting work at ...