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Avison, Charles (bap. 1710, d. 1770), composer and writer on music, was baptized on 16 February 1710 in Newcastle upon Tyne, the fifth of nine children of Richard and Ann Avison. His early training in music presumably began at home with his father, a town wait and also practising musician. While in the service of the ...

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Baldwin, John (d. 1615), music copyist and composer, is of unknown origins and parentage. According to Ernest Brennecke, Baldwin was admitted a lay clerk of St George's Chapel, Windsor, in 1575; he cites no documentary evidence in support of this claim and none exists today, though subsequent repair work on the ...

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Browne, William Charles Denis (1888–1915), composer and music critic, was born on 3 November 1888 at Lynnwood, 111 Lillington Avenue, Leamington Spa, the youngest of the five children of William Denis Browne (1836–1916), retired land agent and juror at the 1883 Phoenix Park...

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Buck, Sir Percy Carter (1871–1947), musician, was born Percy Hartshorn Buck on 25 March 1871 in West Ham Lane, West Ham, Essex, the son of William Richard Buck, clerk in the War Office, and his wife, Alice Emmeline Wilson. He was educated at ...

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Charles Burney (1726–1814) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1781 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Burney, Charles (1726–1814), musician and author, was born on 7 April 1726 in Raven Street, Shrewsbury, the fourth of six children of James Macburney (1678–1749), dancer, musician, and portraitist, and his second wife, Ann Cooper (c.1690–1775).

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John Wall Callcott (1766–1821) by Frederick Christian Lewis senior, pubd 1824 (after Sir Augustus Wall Callcott) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Callcott, John Wall (1766–1821), composer and music teacher, was born on 20 November 1766 at The Mall, Kensington Gravel Pits, London, the son of Thomas Callcott, builder, and his second wife, Charlotte, née Wall; his brother was the painter Sir Augustus Wall Callcott...

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Carroll, Walter (1869–1955), music educationist and composer, was born on 4 July 1869 at 156 Bury New Road, Manchester, the only son and last of the five children of Robert Carroll (bap. 1829), a commercial traveller, and his wife, Fanny Wormald, née...

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Muzio Clementi (1752–1832) by Henry R. Cook, pubd 1833 (after James Lonsdale, exh. RA 1817) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Clementi, Muzio (1752–1832), composer, pianist, and teacher, was born on 23 January 1752 in Damaso, Rome, the eldest of seven children of Nicolo Clementi (1720–1789), a silversmith, and his wife, Magdalena, née Kaiser (d. 1785). He received the standard musical training of a church organist from various teachers in ...

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See Corri family

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See Corri family

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L. M. Middleton

revised by David J. Golby

Flowers, George French (1811–1872), composer and musical theorist, was born on 28 June 1811 in Boston, Lincolnshire, the fourth son of Field Flowers, later rector of Partney. He studied music with C. H. Rinck and Schnyder von Wartensee in Germany, and went on to graduate BMus from ...

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Geminiani, Francesco Saverio (1687–1762), composer and music theorist, was born in Lucca, Italy, probably on 3 December 1687 (the feast day of St Francis Xavier), two days before his baptism, the fourth son of Giuliano Antonio Geminiani (fl. 1681–1707) and his wife, ...

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Heaton, (John) Wilfred (1918–2000), composer and music teacher, was born at 17 Blagden Street, Sheffield, on 2 December 1918, the younger of two children of John Heaton, a steelworker in a cutlery mill, then serving as a signaller with the Royal Field Artillery...

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Philip Arnold Heseltine [Peter Warlock] (1894–1930) by unknown photographer, 1915 © reserved; private collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London / Oxford University Press

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Heseltine, Philip Arnold [pseud. Peter Warlock] (1894–1930), music scholar and composer, was born on 30 October 1894 in the Savoy Hotel, London, the only child of Arnold Heseltine (1852–1897), solicitor, of London, and his second wife, Bessie Mary Edith Covernton (1861–1943). In 1903 ...

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J. C. Bridge

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Hiles, Henry (1826–1904), composer and teacher of music, was born on 31 December 1826 at Shrewsbury, the youngest of the six sons of James Hiles, a tradesman, and his wife, Sarah. He studied under his brother John Hiles (1810–1882), an organist and composer, and from the age of thirteen deputized at several churches for him. In 1845 ...

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Holst, Gustav Theodore (1874–1934), composer and teacher of music, was born on 21 September 1874 at 4 Pittville Terrace, Cheltenham, the elder son of Adolph von Holst (1846–1901) and his first wife, Clara Cox (1841–1882), daughter of Samuel Lediard, solicitor, of Cirencester. He was baptized ...