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Olive Baldwin and Thelma Wilson

Abrams, Harriett (c. 1758–1821), singer and composer, was, according to her niece's husband, Thomas Adolphus Trollope, the daughter of a man who came to England 'in the suite of some Hanoverian minister, in what capacity I never heard' (Trollope, 151). She was described by ...

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Adler, Lawrence Cecil [Larry] (1914–2001), harmonica player and composer, was born on 10 February 1914 in Baltimore, Maryland, USA, the son of Louis Adler, plumber, and his wife, Sadie Hack. His family were of Russian descent and changed their name from Zelakovitch to ...

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Lawrence Cecil Adler (1914–2001) by Ida Kar, 1950s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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R. H. Legge

revised by David J. Golby

Alvars, Elias Parish- (1808–1849), harpist and composer, was born on 28 February 1808 at Teignmouth, where his father was an organist. His earliest teachers on the harp were N. C. Bochsa (from 1820) and subsequently F. J. Dizi and Théodore Labarre in Paris...

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John Barnett (1802–1890) by Charles Baugniet, 1845 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barnett, John (1802–1890), composer, born at Bedford on 15 July 1802 (some sources say 1 July), was the eldest son of a German Jewish diamond merchant, Bernhard Beer, and a Hungarian mother, who died during his early childhood. His father adopted the surname ...

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Bart [formerly Begleiter], Lionel (1930–1999), song-writer and composer of musicals, was born on 1 August 1930 at 24 Underwood Road in the East End of London to a Jewish family, the youngest of the eleven children of Morris Begleiter, a master tailor, and his wife, ...

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Benedict, Sir Julius (1804–1885), conductor and composer, was born at Stuttgart, Germany, on 27 November 1804 (in some nineteenth-century reference works the date was given incorrectly as 24 December 1804), the son of a rich German Jewish banker. At the Stuttgart Gymnasium he received a thorough general education and showed exceptional ability in all his studies. His musical talents were fostered by ...

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Sir Julius Benedict (1804–1885) by Lock & Whitfield, pubd 1881 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Stanley Black (1913–2002) by unknown photographer, 1958 © Empics

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Black, Stanley (1913–2002), bandleader, pianist, and composer, was born in the London Hospital, Whitechapel, London, on 14 June 1913, the son of Lewis Schwartz, shoe dealer, and his wife, Sophia, formerly Diamond. He began taking piano lessons at the age of seven, and went on to study at the ...

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Cowen, Sir Frederic Hymen [Hyman Frederick] (1852–1935), conductor and composer, was born on 29 January 1852 in Kingston, Jamaica, the younger son of Frederick Augustus Cowen (d. 1876) and his wife, Emily, the second daughter of James Davis of Kingston. Back in ...

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Darewski, Herman Edward (1883–1947), composer of light music and bandleader, was born in Austria on 17 April 1883, the eldest son in the family of at least four sons and one daughter of Edouard Darewski (1848/9–1920), a Russian-born teacher of music, and his Hungarian-born wife, ...

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Frankel, Benjamin (1906–1973), composer, was born on 31 January 1906 at 705 Fulham Road, Hammersmith, London, the second of three children of Charles Frankel (c.1871–1935) and his wife, Golda Dora Adler (c.1869–1958). His father, born in Warsaw, served in the tsarist army before settling in ...

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Benjamin Frankel (1906–1973) by Lida Moser, 1953 courtesy Vincent Cianni Photographs / Lida Moser; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Goehr, Walter (1903–1960), composer and conductor, was born on 28 May 1903 in Berlin, the elder of the two sons of Julius Goehr (1872–1948), factory owner, and his wife, Thekla Mendelsohn (d. 1931). His parents were both Jewish. His early musical talent showed itself in the fact that, even preceding his formal education in the composition class of ...

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Goldschmidt, Berthold (1903–1996), composer and conductor, was born on 18 January 1903 at Steinstrasse 12, Hamburg, Germany, the second of the five children (three died in infancy) of Adolf Michael Goldschmidt (1864–1937), merchant, and his wife, Henriette, née Wiesner (1873–1953). His was a cultured, musical Jewish family: his mother was an amateur soprano, his father a lover of opera who had attended all ...

Article

C. D. Maclean

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Goldschmidt, Otto Moritz David (1829–1907), pianist and composer, was born on 21 August 1829 in Hamburg, Germany, the son of Jewish parents. His mother's maiden name was Schwabe. His grandfather and father were Hamburg merchants with a British connection, as their firm had branches in ...

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Keal, Minna (1909–1999), composer, was born Minnie Nerenstein on 22 March 1909 at 81 Wentworth Street, Spitalfields, east London, into a Yiddish-speaking family from Grodno, Russian Poland, the eldest daughter of Jacob Nerenstein (d. 1926), a Jewish prayer-book publisher and seller, and his wife, ...

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Lara, Isidore de (1858–1935), composer, was born on 9 August 1858 in Islington, London, the second of six children of Abraham Cohen (b. 1828/9) and his wife, who was probably named Sarah (b. 1840/41). His parents were British-born Sephardic Jews with a modest private income, who spent the 1860s at ...