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Brigitte Alice Askonas (1923–2013) by unknown photographer, 1970s © reserved; National Institute of Medical Research

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Askonas, Brigitte Alice [Ita] (1923–2013), immunologist and biochemist, was born on 1 April 1923 in Vienna, the second child and only daughter of Czech parents who were Jewish converts to Catholicism, Carl Frederick (later Charles Frederick) Askonas (1893–1946) and his wife, Rose, née...

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Billingham, Rupert Everett [Bill] (1921–2002), immunologist, was born on 15 October 1921 at 95 Portway, Warminster, Wiltshire, the only child of Albert Everett Billingham (1889–1977) and his wife, Helen Louise (1888–1978), daughter of Herbert Green. His father's family originated in the industrial Black Country...

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Boyse, Edward Arthur [Ted] (1923–2007), immunologist, was born on 11 August 1923 at St Botolph's Lodge nursing home, Richmond Road, Worthing, Sussex, the son of Arthur Boyse (1859–1940), organist and choirmaster, and his wife, Dorothy Vera, née Mellersh (1888–1964). At the time of his birth registration his family lived at ...

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Burnet, Sir Frank Macfarlane (1899–1985), virologist and immunologist, was born on 3 September 1899 in Traralgon, Gippsland, Victoria, Australia, the second of seven children of Frank Burnet (b. 1856), a banker of Scottish descent, and Hadassah Pollock Mackay (b. 1872), the daughter of a schoolteacher who had also emigrated from ...

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Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet (1899–1985) by Walter Bird, 1958 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Coombs, Robert Royston Amos [Robin] (1921–2006), immunologist, was born Robert Royston Amos on 9 January 1921 at 4 Laurel Bank, Hoop Lane, Golders Green, London, the younger son of Charles Royston Amos (1892–1929), company director and former RAF officer, and his wife, Edris Owen, ...

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Doniach [née Abileah], Deborah (1912–2004), immunologist, was born on 6 April 1912 in Geneva, Switzerland, the eldest of the three daughters of Arieh Abileah (1885–1985), a Ukranian-born concert pianist and accompanist of the violinist Josef Szigeti, and his wife, Fée Héltès (1886–1983)...

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Gell, Philip George Houthem (1914–2001), immunologist, was born on 20 October 1914 in Dublin, the younger child and only son of Major Philip F. Gell, army officer, and his first wife, Elsie. His third name derived from the town in Belgium that his father was defending at the time of his birth. His father traced his ancestry back to the fourteenth century in ...

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Glenny, Alexander Thomas (1882–1965), immunologist, was born in Camberwell, London, on 18 September 1882, the third son among the five children of Thomas Armstrong Glenny, a stockbroker's clerk and Plymouth Brethren minister, and his wife, Elizabeth Foreman. He was educated at Alleyn's School...

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Gorer, Peter Alfred Isaac (1907–1961), immunologist and geneticist, was born in London on 14 April 1907, the second of the three sons of Edgar Ezekiel Gorer (1872–1915), a noted collector of oriental art and fine art dealer, and his wife, Rachel Alice, née...

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Henderson, David Willis Wilson (1903–1968), immunologist and scientific administrator, was born on 23 July 1903 at Partick, Glasgow, the only child of John Henderson, accountant, and his wife, Mary Wilson. He was educated at Hamilton Academy where he enjoyed science and found ways to avoid working on subjects he disliked. On leaving school he chose a career in farming, but abandoned this abruptly because of his dismay at its unscientific methods. He instead enrolled for a degree in agricultural bacteriology at the ...

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David Willis Wilson Henderson (1903–1968) by Walter Bird Godfrey Argent Studios / Royal Society

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Hobbs, John Raymond [Jack] (1929–2008), pathologist and clinical immunologist, was born on 17 April 1929 at the Louise Margaret Hospital, Aldershot, the third of four sons of Frederick Walter Haydn Hobbs (1900–1975), a sergeant-major in the Duke of Cornwall's light infantry, and his wife, ...

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Humphrey, John Herbert (1915–1987), immunologist and medical scientist, was born on 16 December 1915 in West Byfleet, Surrey, the eldest in the family of three sons and two daughters of Herbert Alfred Humphrey (1868–1951), inventor and co-founder of Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) at ...

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Jerne, Niels Kaj (1911–1994), immunologist, was born on 23 December 1911 at Brownswood Park Road, Stoke Newington, London, the fourth of five children of Hans Jessen Jerne (1877–1950), industrialist, and his wife, Else Marie, née Lindberg (1874–1956). His parents were Danish but had moved to ...

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Milstein, César (1927–2002), molecular biologist and immunologist, was born on 8 October 1927 in Bahía Blanca, a provincial town in Argentina, the second of three sons of Lázaro Milstein, a salesman who had travelled to Argentina at the age of fourteen as a Jewish immigrant from the ...

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César Milstein (1927–2002) by Nick Sinclair, 1993 © Nick Sinclair; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Neuberger, Michael Samuel (1953–2013), molecular biologist and immunologist, was born on 2 November 1953 at 38 Cheniston Gardens, Kensington, London, the fourth son of Albert Neuberger (1908–1996), a distinguished biochemist, and his Swiss wife, Lilian Ida, née Dreyfus (1912–2007). At the time of his birth registration the family lived at ...

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Porter, Rodney Robert (1917–1985), biochemist and immunologist, was born at Newton-le-Willows, Lancashire, on 8 October 1917, the younger son (there were no daughters) of Joseph Lawrence Porter, chief clerk at the Railway and Carriage Works at nearby Earlestown, and an early member of the ...