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Acheson, Roy Malcolm (1921–2003), epidemiologist, was born at 67 Eglantine Avenue, Belfast, on 18 August 1921, the elder son of Malcolm King Acheson (d. 1962), medical doctor, and his wife, Dorothy Josephine, née Rennoldson d. 1976. He was originally named Malcolm Roy...

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H. B. Grimsditch

revised by Geoffrey L. Asherson

Adami, John George (1862–1926), pathologist, was born on 12 January 1862 in the Albion Hotel, Piccadilly, Manchester. He was the second son of five sons and four daughters of John George Adami, hotel proprietor, and his wife, Sarah Ann Ellis, daughter of Thomas Leech...

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J. B. Nias

revised by Jeffrey S. Reznick

Aitken, Sir William (1825–1892), pathologist, eldest son of William Aitken, a medical practitioner, was born in Dundee on 23 April 1825. He was educated at the high school in Dundee, and was subsequently apprenticed to his father and at the same time undertook further training at the ...

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Almeida [née Hart], June Dalziel (1930–2007), virologist, was born on 5 October 1930 at 10 Duntroon Street, Glasgow, the daughter of Harry Leonard Hart, bus driver, and his wife, Jane Dalziel, née Steven. On leaving school in 1947 she became a laboratory technician in histopathology at ...

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Sir Christopher Howard Andrewes (1896–1988) by Walter Stoneman, 1939 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Andrewes, Sir Christopher Howard (1896–1988), virologist, was born on 7 June 1896 in London, the elder child and only son of Sir Frederick William Andrewes (1859–1932), pathologist, and his wife, Phyllis Mary, daughter of John Hamer, publisher. He was educated as a day boy at ...

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Andrewes, Sir Frederick William (1859–1932), pathologist and bacteriologist, was born at Greyfriars House, Friar Street, Reading, on 31 March 1859, the eldest of the four sons of Charles James Andrewes, an engineer, who was mayor of Reading, and his second wife, Charlotte Parsons...

Article

W. J. Bishop

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Arkwright, Sir Joseph Arthur (1864–1944), bacteriologist, was born at Thurlaston, Leicestershire, on 22 March 1864, the youngest of the five children of Arthur William Arkwright, gentleman farmer, of Broughton Hall, Astley, and his wife and second cousin, Emma (d. 1866), daughter of ...

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Ashton, Norman Henry (1913–2000), pathologist, was born on 11 September 1913 at 60 Highlever Road, North Kensington, London, the second son of Henry James Ashton, a cheesemonger's assistant, and his wife, Margaret Ann, née Tuck. He attended West Kensington central school but left at sixteen to work as a laboratory assistant in a ...

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Brigitte Alice Askonas (1923–2013) by unknown photographer, 1970s © reserved; National Institute of Medical Research

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Askonas, Brigitte Alice [Ita] (1923–2013), immunologist and biochemist, was born on 1 April 1923 in Vienna, the second child and only daughter of Czech parents who were Jewish converts to Catholicism, Carl Frederick (later Charles Frederick) Askonas (1893–1946) and his wife, Rose, née...

Article

Arthur S. MacNalty

revised by Mary E. Gibson

Balfour, Sir Andrew (1873–1931), expert in tropical medicine and novelist, was born in Edinburgh on 21 March 1873, the eldest son of Thomas Alexander Goldie Balfour MD, of Edinburgh, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Peter Christall, of Elgin. He was educated at ...

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Bangham, Alec Douglas (1921–2010), haematologist, was born at 2 Langdale Road, Rusholme, Manchester, on 10 November 1921, the elder son and eldest of three children of Donald Hugh Bangham (1895–1950), physical chemist, and his wife, Edith, née Kerby (1892–1979). His father was dean of the faculty of science at the ...

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Barber, Mary (1911–1965), bacteriologist, was born in Derby on 3 April 1911, the third daughter of Hugh Barber, physician, and Ethel M. Howlett. She was educated at Alice Ottley School, Worcester, and the London School of Medicine for Women; she obtained the conjoint diploma in 1934 and graduated MB BS in 1936. She then became resident pathologist and A. M. Bird scholar in the pathology unit of the ...

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Barker, David James Purslove (1938–2013), physician and epidemiologist, was born at the Wilbraham Nursing Home, 3 Wilbraham Place, Chelsea, London, on 29 June 1938, the younger son and second of three children of Hugh Purslove Barker (1909–1984), an engineer and businessman (later chairman and managing director of the ...

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Barnes, John Morrison (1913–1975), toxicologist, was born in Sheffield at midnight on 11–12 January 1913, the elder son and elder child of Alfred Edward Barnes, later professor of medicine in the University of Sheffield, and his wife, Janet (Jessie) Morrison. Barnes's younger brother, ...

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Bawden, Sir Frederick Charles (1908–1972), virologist and plant pathologist, was born on 18 August 1908 in North Tawton, Devon, the younger son and youngest of the three children of George Bawden, relieving officer and registrar of births and deaths, and his wife, Ellen Balment...

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Bedson, Sir Samuel Phillips (1886–1969), bacteriologist, was born on 1 December 1886 at Newcastle upon Tyne, the second son of Peter Phillips Bedson, professor of chemistry in the Durham College of Science, and his wife, Annie, daughter of Samuel Hodgkinson, cotton spinner, of ...

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Billingham, Rupert Everett [Bill] (1921–2002), immunologist, was born on 15 October 1921 at 95 Portway, Warminster, Wiltshire, the only child of Albert Everett Billingham (1889–1977) and his wife, Helen Louise (1888–1978), daughter of Herbert Green. His father's family originated in the industrial Black Country...

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Bowen, David Aubrey Llewelyn (1924–2011), forensic pathologist, was born on 31 January 1924, at Gwynfryn, Pontycymmer, a mining village in Glamorganshire, the son of Thomas Rufus Bowen (1884–1946), medical practitioner, and his wife, Catherine, née Llewellyn. He was educated at Caterham school in ...