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Applebey, Mary Frances (1916–2012), civil servant and mental health campaigner, was born on 14 July 1916 at Leyden House, Mortlake, Surrey, the elder daughter and eldest of three children of Malcolm Percival Applebey (1884–1957), chemistry tutor at St John's College, Oxford, and later research manager at ...

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Arnold, Thomas (c. 1742–1816), physician and mad-doctor, was born about 1742 in Leicester, the second son of William Arnold (c.1695–c.1770), a baker, who was also an eminent local Anabaptist and mad-house proprietor, and his wife, Sarah, née Freer (...

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Ashburne, John (bap. 1607, d. 1661), Church of England clergyman and madhouse keeper, was the son of Robert Ashburne of Crowle, Lincolnshire, where he was baptized on 19 July 1607. Ashburne matriculated sizar at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, in 1625; he graduated BA and was ordained deacon at ...

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Bakewell, Thomas (1761–1835), mad-doctor and poet, was born on 1 June 1761 at Kingstone, near Uttoxeter, in Staffordshire. He was raised by his maternal grandfather, John Chadwick, who kept a private mad-house at Grindon in the Peak District. Chadwick moved to Ashbourne in ...

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Bond, Sir (Charles) Hubert (1870–1945), psychiatrist and mental health administrator, was born at the vicarage, Ogbourne St George, Wiltshire, on 6 September 1870, the elder son of the Revd Alfred Bond, who became chaplain to the Worcester County Asylum, and his wife, Frances Elizabeth...

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Boyd, Robert (1808–1883), physician and asylum superintendent, was born in Ireland. He was educated at Edinburgh University, graduating MD in 1831. He became a member of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1830. In 1836 he was elected a licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians, London...

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Boyle, Helen (1869–1957), physician and specialist in the treatment of mental illness, was born in Dublin on 19 November 1869, the eldest of the five children of Richard Warneford Boyle (d. 1900), a banker, and Alice Mary (d. 1921), née Chambers...

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Harry Tapley-Soper

revised by Christine North

Brushfield, Thomas Nadauld (1828–1910), lunacy specialist and antiquary, the son of Thomas Brushfield of Derbyshire, JP and deputy lieutenant of the Tower of London, and his wife, Susanna Shipley, was born on 10 December 1828 and was baptized at Christ Church, Stepney, London...

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Charlesworth, Edward Parker (1781/2–1853), physician and specialist in the treatment of the insane, was the son of John Charlesworth, rector of Ossington, Nottinghamshire, whose father was a medical man. His brother, another John Charlesworth [see under Charlesworth, Maria Louisa], was a well-known clergyman. After a pupillage with ...

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Clouston, Sir Thomas Smith (1840–1915), asylum physician, was born on 22 April 1840 at Nisthouse, Orkney, the youngest of the four sons of Robert Clouston, an Orkney laird, and Janet Smith of Stromness. He was educated at West End Academy in Aberdeen, studied medicine at ...

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Costello, William Birmingham (1800–1867), surgeon and asylum keeper, was born near Dublin and commenced his medical education there. He completed his studies in Paris, where he lived from 1820 to 1829, working under the eminent surgeons C. L. S. Heurteloup, G. Dupuytren, and ...

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Cox, Joseph Mason (1763–1818), physician and asylum keeper, was born on 31 August 1763 at Bristol, the son of John Cox (d. 1788), a grocer, and Elizabeth Mason. His maternal grandfather, Joseph Mason, was the proprietor of a madhouse at Fishponds, near ...

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Diamond, Hugh Welch (1808–1886), photographer and asylum superintendent, was born at Goudhurst, Kent, on 23 October 1808, the eldest son of William Batchelor Diamond, a surgeon in the East India Company, and his wife, Jane Welch. Diamond was educated at Norwich grammar school...

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John Langdon Haydon Langdon- Down (1828–1896) by Sydney Hodges reproduced by permission of the Langdon Down Museum of Learning Disability (www.langdondownmuseum.org.uk)

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Down, John Langdon Haydon Langdon- (1828–1896), physician and expert in mental science, was born in Torpoint, Cornwall, on 18 November 1828, the youngest of seven children (three daughters and four sons) of Joseph Almond Down (d. 1853), apothecary, and his wife, Hanna Haydon...

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Ellis, Sir William Charles (1780–1839), physician and asylum superintendent, was born on 10 March 1780 at Alford, Lincolnshire, the son of William Ellis, rector of All Hallows Staining in the City of London, and his wife, Sarah Francis Ellis. He received a classical education before being apprenticed to a surgeon–apothecary in ...

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Fox, Dame Evelyn Emily Marian (1874–1955), mental health worker, was born at Morges, Switzerland, on 15 August 1874, one of four children, of whom two died in childhood, born to Richard Edward Fox, of Fox Hall, Edgeworthstown, co. Longford (who was related to ...

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George Gibson (1885–1953) by Bassano © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gibson, George (1885–1953), trade unionist and mental health worker, was born at 98 Cumberland Street, Glasgow, on 3 April 1885, the third son and seventh of the eleven children of Johnston Robertson Gibson (b. 1847), outdoor labourer, oil merchant, and tobacconist, and his wife, ...

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Haslam, John (bap. 1764, d. 1844), physician and specialist in insanity, was baptized at St John Zachary, London, on 12 February 1764, the son of John Haslam (1737–1829), and his wife, Mary. Little is known of Haslam's early life. After serving a period of apprenticeship he gained clinical experience as a student and subsequently as a house surgeon at ...