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Applebey, Mary Frances (1916–2012), civil servant and mental health campaigner, was born on 14 July 1916 at Leyden House, Mortlake, Surrey, the elder daughter and eldest of three children of Malcolm Percival Applebey (1884–1957), chemistry tutor at St John's College, Oxford, and later research manager at ...

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Argyle, (John) Michael (1925–2002), social psychologist, was born on 11 August 1925 at 2 First Avenue, Sherwood Rise, Nottingham, the only child of George Edgar Argyle, a schoolmaster, and his wife, Phyllis, née Hawkins-Ambler, both of whom died when he was eleven years old. He was educated at ...

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Arnold, Thomas (c. 1742–1816), physician and mad-doctor, was born about 1742 in Leicester, the second son of William Arnold (c.1695–c.1770), a baker, who was also an eminent local Anabaptist and mad-house proprietor, and his wife, Sarah, née Freer (...

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Ashburne, John (bap. 1607, d. 1661), Church of England clergyman and madhouse keeper, was the son of Robert Ashburne of Crowle, Lincolnshire, where he was baptized on 19 July 1607. Ashburne matriculated sizar at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, in 1625; he graduated BA and was ordained deacon at ...

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Bain, Alexander (1818–1903), psychologist, was born on 11 June 1818, the second child of eight of George Bain, an impoverished Calvinist weaver of Aberdeen, and his wife, Margaret Paul. Bain left school at the age of eleven but, via evening classes at the mechanics' institute and adolescent autodidactic labours, he gained entrance to ...

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Alexander Bain (1818–1903) by Macmahon, 1892 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bakewell, Thomas (1761–1835), mad-doctor and poet, was born on 1 June 1761 at Kingstone, near Uttoxeter, in Staffordshire. He was raised by his maternal grandfather, John Chadwick, who kept a private mad-house at Grindon in the Peak District. Chadwick moved to Ashbourne in ...

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Balint, Michael Maurice [formerly Mihaly Bergsmann] (1896–1970), psychoanalyst, was born on 3 December 1896 in Baross Street, Jozsefvaros, a residential section of Budapest, Hungary. He was the first of the two children of Ignac Bergsmann, a general medical practitioner. Both his parents were descendants of German Jewish families who had been fully assimilated Hungarians for only two or three generations. He later changed his name to ...

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Michael Maurice Balint (1896–1970) by Dr Edward H. Stein private collection

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Sir Frederic Charles Bartlett (1886–1969) by Bassano, 1948 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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D. E. Broadbent

revised by Hugh Series

Bartlett, Sir Frederic Charles (1886–1969), psychologist, was born in Stow on the Wold, Gloucestershire, on 20 October 1886, the second son of William Bartlett, master bootmaker, and his wife, Temperance Matilda Howman. He was educated at home in his teens, his health being thought too poor, following an attack of pleurisy, for him to go away to school. This apparent handicap allowed him to read very widely, and to spend time walking in the ...

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Bennet, Edward Armstrong (1888–1977), psychiatrist, was born on 21 October 1888 in Poyntzpass, co. Down, Ireland, the younger of twin sons, and last of the five children born to William Boyd Bennet (d. 1897), farmer, and his wife, Marion, née McCaldin (...

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Bion, Wilfred Ruprecht (1897–1979), psychoanalyst, was born on 8 September 1897 at Mathura, North-Western Provinces, India, the elder son (there was one daughter) of Frederick Fleetwood Bion (1870?–1949), civil engineer, and Rhoda Salter Kemp (1869?–1939). Bion spent his first eight years in India...

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Bishop [née Wall], Bernardine Anna Livia Mary (1939–2013), novelist and psychotherapist, was born on 16 August 1939 at her maternal family home, 47 Palace Court, Bayswater, London, the second daughter of the Salford-born Bernard Joseph Wall (1908–1974), author, editor, and translator, educated at ...

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Blacker, Carlos Paton (1895–1975), psychiatrist and eugenicist, was born on 8 December 1895 in Paris, the elder of the two sons of Carlos Blacker and Caroline Frost. His father, a gentleman of independent means, was descended on his maternal side from a prominent Peruvian political family, and one of ...

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Blandford, George Fielding (1829–1911), physician and psychiatrist, was born at Hindon, Wiltshire, on 7 March 1829, the only son of George Blandford (bap. 1796), a surgeon who practised successively at Hindon, Hadlow in Kent, and Rugby, and his wife, Mary Fielding (1794?–1852)...

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See Bobath [née Busse], Berta Ottilie

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Bond, Sir (Charles) Hubert (1870–1945), psychiatrist and mental health administrator, was born at the vicarage, Ogbourne St George, Wiltshire, on 6 September 1870, the elder son of the Revd Alfred Bond, who became chaplain to the Worcester County Asylum, and his wife, Frances Elizabeth...

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(Edward) John Mostyn Bowlby (1907–1990) by Lucinda Douglas-Menzies, 1988 © Lucinda Douglas-Menzies; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bowlby, (Edward) John Mostyn (1907–1990), psychiatrist, was born on 26 February 1907 at 24 Manchester Square, London, the fourth child and second son in the family of three daughters and three sons of Major-General Sir Anthony Alfred Bowlby, first baronet (1855–1929), surgeon, and his wife, ...