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Halliburton, William Dobinson (1860–1931), physiologist and biochemist, was born in London on 21 June 1860, the only son of Thomas Halliburton, a Yorkshireman, of Upper Norwood, and his wife, Mary Homan. He was educated privately and at University College School, London, and subsequently at ...

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Harley, George (1829–1896), physician and physiological chemist, was born on 12 February 1829 at Harley House, Haddington, East Lothian, the only son of George Barclay Harley (1766–1832), a landowner, and his wife, Margaret, née Macbeath (1788/9–1845). His father was sixty-three at the time of his birth, and his mother was forty. After his father's death he was raised by his mother and maternal grandmother. He received his early education at the ...

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Samuel Haughton (1821–1897) by Sarah Purser, 1883 © Estate of Sarah Henrietta Purser; by kind permission of the Board of Trinity College Dublin

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Haughton, Samuel (1821–1897), geologist and physiologist, was born on 21 December 1821 in Carlow, Ireland, the second of three sons of Samuel Haughton (1786–1874), merchant, and his wife, Sarah (d. 1861), who was the daughter of John Hancock, a linen merchant from ...

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Hopkins, Harold Horace (1918–1994), physicist and endoscopist, was born on 6 December 1918 at 76 Argyle Street, Leicester, the youngest of six children of William Ernest Hopkins, a baker's journeyman, and his wife, Teresa Ellen, née Hewitt. The family were hard up, his father often being unemployed in the 1920s and 1930s, but encouraged by his mother ...

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Lawther, Patrick Joseph (1921–2008), physician and medical researcher, was born at 15 Victory Avenue, Gretna, Dumfriesshire, on 9 March 1921, the son of Joseph Lawther, marine engineer, and his wife, Winifred, otherwise Winefride, née Mulholland. He went to school in Carlisle and then in ...

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Lucas, Keith (1879–1916), physiologist and instrument designer, was born at Greenwich on 8 March 1879, the second son of Francis Robert Lucas (d. 1931), managing director of the Telegraph Construction and Maintenance Company of Greenwich, and inventor of improvements in submarine cables and cable laying, and his wife, ...

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Macleod, John James Rickard (1876–1935), physiologist and biochemist, was born at the Free Church manse, New Clunie, near Dunkeld, Perthshire, on 6 September 1876, the son of Robert Macleod (1846–1927), Free Church minister of New Clunie, and his wife, Jane Guthrie McWalter. He was educated at ...

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John Mayow (bap. 1641, d. 1679) by William Faithorne the elder, pubd 1674 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Mayow [Mayer, Mayo], John (bap. 1641, d. 1679), physiologist and chemist, was born in the manor house of Brae, in the parish of Morval, near Looe, Cornwall, and baptized at Morval on 21 December 1641, the second son and third child of Phillip Mayow...

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Race, Robert Russell (1907–1984), geneticist and serologist, was born on 28 November 1907 at Hull, the eldest of the three sons (there were no daughters) of Joseph Dawson Race, a banker, and his wife, May, daughter of Robert Tweddle, a sanitary engineer of ...

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Torrens, David Smyth (1897–1967), physiologist and horologist, was the eldest of the three sons of David Smyth Torrens (d. 1936) and his wife, Margaret, née Hogg (d. 1948); there was also a daughter. He was born on 10 September 1897 on the family's small farm ...

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Warner [née Brooks], Anne Elizabeth (1940–2012), physiologist and developmental biologist, was born on 25 August 1940 at Redhill County Hospital, Edgware, Middlesex, the only child of James Frederick Crompton Brooks (1914–1996), an engineer then serving as a technical costs officer in the ...

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Anne Elizabeth Warner (1940–2012) by unknown photographer, c.1968 © The Royal Society

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Joseph Sidney Weiner (1915–1982) by unknown photographer, early 1970s Institute of Biological Anthropology

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Weiner, Joseph Sidney (1915–1982), human biologist and environmental physiologist, was born on 29 June 1915 at Nourse Mines in Johannesburg, Transvaal, South Africa, the second of the seven children of Robert Weiner (1885–1966), general dealer, and his wife Fanny (Chana), née Simon (1896–1978)...

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Wollaston, William Hyde (1766–1828), chemist, physicist, and physiologist, was born on 6 August 1766 at East Dereham vicarage, Norfolk, the third child of the seven sons and ten daughters of Francis Wollaston (1731–1815), vicar at East Dereham, and his wife, Althea (1739–1798), fifth daughter of ...