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Adair, Gilbert Smithson (1896–1979), physiologist, was born on 21 September 1896 in Whitehaven, the elder child and only son of Harold Adair, manager of an iron ore mine in Cumberland, and his wife, Anna Mary Jackson, from Garstang. The family later moved to nearby ...

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Adrian, Edgar Douglas, first Baron Adrian (1889–1977), physiologist, was born in London on 30 November 1889, the youngest of the three sons (there were no daughters) of Alfred Douglas Adrian, civil servant, and his wife, Flora Lavinia, daughter of Charles Howard Barton. His eldest brother lived for only a few days, while the other, ...

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Edgar Douglas Adrian, first Baron Adrian (1889–1977) by Walter Stoneman, 1932 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Adrian, Richard Hume, second Baron Adrian (1927–1995), physiologist, was born on 16 October 1927 in Grange Road, Cambridge, the only son and youngest of the three children of Edgar Douglas Adrian, first Baron Adrian (1889–1977), physiologist, and his wife, Hester Agnes Adrian, daughter of ...

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Richard Hume Adrian, second Baron Adrian (1927–1995) by Ian Fleming, 1992 photograph by Ian Fleming

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Anderson, Sir Hugh Kerr (1865–1928), physiologist and university administrator, was born at Frognal Park, Hampstead, on 6 July 1865. His great-grandfather was a surgeon in the Royal Navy; his grandfather was a doctor at Peterhead, who died young, leaving a family. The second son, ...

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Anderson, Sir (William) Ferguson (1914–2001), geriatrician, was born on 8 April 1914 at 11 Lochside Street, Glasgow, the son of James Kirkwood Anderson, master plumber, and his wife, Sarah Barr, née Kerr. His father, a captain in the 7th Scottish Rifles, was killed on active service in ...

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F. W. Andrewes

revised by E. M. Tansey

Bainbridge, Francis Arthur (1874–1921), physiologist, was born on 29 July 1874 at Stockton-on-Tees, co. Durham, the elder son of Robert Robinson Bainbridge, a chemist, and his wife, Mary Sanderson. Educated at the Leys School, Cambridge, where his contemporaries included Joseph Barcroft and Henry Dale...

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Barcroft, Henry (1904–1998), circulatory physiologist, was born on 18 October 1904 at 92 Chesterton Road, Cambridge, the elder of two sons of the distinguished physiologist Sir Joseph Barcroft (1872–1947), Cambridge professor, and his wife, Mary Agnetta (Minnie; 1875–1961), daughter of Sir Robert Ball...

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Barcroft, Sir Joseph (1872–1947), physiologist, was born on 26 July 1872 at The Glen, Newry, co. Down, Ireland, the second of the five children of Henry Barcroft (d. 1905), linen merchant and inventor, and his wife, Anna Richardson Malcolmson (1840–1924), daughter of ...

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Sir Joseph Barcroft (1872–1947) by Lafayette, 1933 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barry, Sir David (1780–1835), army surgeon and physiologist, was born on 12 March 1780 in co. Roscommon, Ireland. After showing early talent in classics and mathematics, he eventually decided upon a career in medicine. He was examined for the army in the Royal College of Surgeons...

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Bayliss, Sir William Maddock (1860–1924), physiologist, was born at Wolverhampton on 2 May 1860, the only son of Moses Bayliss, manufacturer of ironware, and his wife, Jane Maddock. After education at Mowbray House School, Wolverhampton, he had the opportunity of entering his father's business, but his interests lay in the direction of science and medicine. Nevertheless, he maintained a lifelong connection with the family business, of which he was a director....

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Sir Charles Bell (1774–1842) by John Stevens, c. 1821 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bell, Sir Charles (1774–1842), physiologist and surgeon, the youngest of the six children of William Bell (1704–1779), an Episcopal clergyman, and his wife, Margaret Morrice, the daughter of a clergyman, was born in November 1774 at Fountainbridge, at that time a suburb of ...

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Bennett, John Hughes (1812–1875), physician and physiologist, was born on 31 August 1812 at Exeter, Devon, the only son of John Stokes Bennett (1773–1829), Exeter freeman, actor, and musician, and his wife, Julia Hughes (1783–1854), an actress, daughter of Richard Hughes (d...

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Bidder, Marion Greenwood [née Marion Greenwood] (1862–1932), physiologist, was born on 24 August 1862 at 181 Coltman Street, Anlaby Road, Myton, Hull, the sixth child and younger daughter of George Greenwood (1818–1888), shipping agent and Baptist lay preacher, and his wife, Agnes Hamilton (1825–1902)...

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Blundell, James (1790–1878), physician and physiologist, was born in London on 27 December 1790. Educated first by the Revd Thomas Thomason, and then at the United Borough Hospitals by his maternal uncle, the physiologist John Haighton, he graduated MD at Edinburgh in 1813. ...

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Bradford, Sir John Rose, baronet (1863–1935), physician and physiologist, was born in London on 7 May 1863, the only son of Abraham Rose Bradford, naval surgeon, and his wife, Ellen, daughter of Nicholas Littleton. Both parents came from Saltash, near Plymouth, where Littletons...

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Brocklehurst, John Charles (1924–2013), geriatrician, was born on 31 May 1924 at 23 Newsham Drive, Liverpool, the son of Harold John Stanley Brocklehurst (1895–1980), electrical engineer and businessman, and his wife, Dorothy, née Harrison (1899–1998), both Baptists, and both from Liverpool. The family moved to ...