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Adelstein, Abraham Manie [Abe] (1916–1992), occupational physician and medical statistician, was born on 28 March 1916 at Trichard, eastern Transvaal, South Africa, the fourth of five children (four boys and one girl) of Nathan Adelstein, miller in Trichard, and Rosie Cohen, both Jewish immigrants from ...

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Ashby, Winifred Mayer (1879–1975), medical researcher, was born on 13 October 1879 in London, the daughter of George Mayer Ashby and Mary-Ann Brock. She moved with her parents and two brothers to Chicago and became a naturalized American citizen in 1893. She never married. ...

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Banting, Sir Frederick Grant (1891–1941), physician and medical researcher, was born near the town of Alliston, Ontario, Canada, on 14 November 1891, the fourth son and fifth and youngest child of William Thompson Banting (1849–1929), a farmer of Irish descent, and his wife, ...

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Bearn, Alexander Gordon [Alick] (1923–2009), physician and medical scientist, was born on 29 March 1923 at Lethnot, Manor Road, Cheam, Surrey, the elder son and second of three children of Edward Gordon Bearn (1887–1945), a civil servant in the Ministry of Health, and his wife, ...

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Brown, (William) Michael Court (1918–1968), medical research worker, was born at Scotby, near Carlisle, on 17 April 1918, the only son of James Court Brown, market gardener, and his wife, Jessie Buchanan Hayes. He was educated at Fettes College, Edinburgh, and St Andrews University...

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Bryden, James Lumsdaine (1833–1880), surgeon and medical statistician, was born in Edinburgh; little is known of his parents or his early life. He attended Edinburgh high school and then Edinburgh University, where he obtained the licentiateship of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh...

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Butterfield, (William) John Hughes, Baron Butterfield (1920–2000), medical researcher and university administrator, was born on 28 March 1920 at 22 Yew Tree House, Station Road, Stechford, Birmingham, the son of William Hughes (Billy) Butterfield, engineer and businessman, and his wife, Doris, née Pritchard...

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Carew, Sir Richard, first baronet (1579/80–1643?), medical experimenter and educationist, was the eldest surviving son of the poet and antiquary Richard Carew (1555–1620) of Antony, Cornwall, and his wife, Juliana Arundell (1563–1629). Personal information comes largely from two Antony House manuscript texts—a spiritual autobiography (1628–30), called ...

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Chambers, Helen (1879–1935), pathologist and cancer research worker, was born on 18 July 1879 in Bombay, India, the only daughter of Frederick Chambers, of the Indian Civil Service. Her family returned to Britain and she was educated at the Jersey Ladies' College, and later at ...

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Helen Chambers (1879–1935) by Reginald Haines, pubd 1920 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Sir Cyril Astley Clarke (1907–2000) by Ruskin Spear, 1977 by permission of the Royal College of Physicians, London

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Clarke, Sir Cyril Astley (1907–2000), physician and medical scientist, was born on 22 August 1907 at 37 London Road, Leicester, the only son and second of the three children of Astley Vavasour Clarke (1870–1945), physician, and his wife, Ethel Mary (1872–1966), daughter of ...

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Cochrane, Archibald Leman (1909–1988), medical scientist and epidemiologist, was born in Galashiels on 12 January 1909, the second child in the family of a daughter and three sons of Walter Francis Cochrane, of Kirklands, manufacturer of Scottish tweed, and his wife, Mabel Purdom...

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Sydney Arthur Monckton Copeman (1862–1947) by Walter Stoneman, 1921 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Copeman, Sydney Arthur Monckton (1862–1947), medical scientist, was born at home on 21 February 1862 in the cathedral close at Norwich, the son of Arthur Charles Copeman (1824–1896), canon and rural dean of Norwich, and his wife, Mary Metcalfe (1834–1927), daughter of deputy lieutenant ...

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Creighton, Charles (1847–1927), medical scholar, was born on 22 November 1847 at Peterhead, Aberdeenshire, a son of Alexander Creighton, a prosperous saw-miller and wood merchant, and his wife, Agnes Brand. He was educated at the local elementary school, and then at the Gymnasium...

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Cuthbertson, Sir David Paton (1900–1989), medical researcher and nutritionist, was born on 9 May 1900 in Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, the only child of John Cuthbertson MBE FRSE, secretary of the West of Scotland Agricultural College, and his wife, Lilias Ann Bowman, formerly matron of ...

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Dodds, Sir (Edward) Charles, first baronet (1899–1973), medical scientist, was born on 13 October 1899 in Liverpool, the only child of Ralph Edward Dodds, businessman, of West Derby, Liverpool, and his wife, Jane, daughter of Charles Pack, businessman, of London. He was educated at ...

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Donald, Ian (1910–1987), obstetrician and developer of ultrasound, was born on 27 December 1910 in Liskeard, Cornwall, the eldest in the family of two surviving sons and two daughters of John Donald (d. 1927), medical practitioner, and his wife, Helen Barrow, née...

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Farmer, Frank Taylor (1912–2004), medical physicist, was born on 18 September 1912 at Warbrick, Mount Road, Bexleyheath, Kent, the younger son and youngest of three children of Robert Crosbie Farmer (1877–1960), research chemist, and his wife, Maud Mary, née Sharpe. After education at ...