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Adair, Gilbert Smithson (1896–1979), physiologist, was born on 21 September 1896 in Whitehaven, the elder child and only son of Harold Adair, manager of an iron ore mine in Cumberland, and his wife, Anna Mary Jackson, from Garstang. The family later moved to nearby ...

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Adelstein, Abraham Manie [Abe] (1916–1992), occupational physician and medical statistician, was born on 28 March 1916 at Trichard, eastern Transvaal, South Africa, the fourth of five children (four boys and one girl) of Nathan Adelstein, miller in Trichard, and Rosie Cohen, both Jewish immigrants from ...

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Adrian, Edgar Douglas, first Baron Adrian (1889–1977), physiologist, was born in London on 30 November 1889, the youngest of the three sons (there were no daughters) of Alfred Douglas Adrian, civil servant, and his wife, Flora Lavinia, daughter of Charles Howard Barton. His eldest brother lived for only a few days, while the other, ...

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Edgar Douglas Adrian, first Baron Adrian (1889–1977) by Walter Stoneman, 1932 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Adrian, Richard Hume, second Baron Adrian (1927–1995), physiologist, was born on 16 October 1927 in Grange Road, Cambridge, the only son and youngest of the three children of Edgar Douglas Adrian, first Baron Adrian (1889–1977), physiologist, and his wife, Hester Agnes Adrian, daughter of ...

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Richard Hume Adrian, second Baron Adrian (1927–1995) by Ian Fleming, 1992 photograph by Ian Fleming

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Anderson, Sir Hugh Kerr (1865–1928), physiologist and university administrator, was born at Frognal Park, Hampstead, on 6 July 1865. His great-grandfather was a surgeon in the Royal Navy; his grandfather was a doctor at Peterhead, who died young, leaving a family. The second son, ...

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Thomas Seccombe

revised by Mark Pottle

Anderson, William (1842–1900), anatomist and writer on art, was born on 18 December 1842 in London at the Eldon Arms, Queen Square, the son of William Henry Anderson, licensed victualler, and his wife, Ann, formerly Cattel. After attending the City of London School...

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Anderson, Sir (William) Ferguson (1914–2001), geriatrician, was born on 8 April 1914 at 11 Lochside Street, Glasgow, the son of James Kirkwood Anderson, master plumber, and his wife, Sarah Barr, née Kerr. His father, a captain in the 7th Scottish Rifles, was killed on active service in ...

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Ashby, Winifred Mayer (1879–1975), medical researcher, was born on 13 October 1879 in London, the daughter of George Mayer Ashby and Mary-Ann Brock. She moved with her parents and two brothers to Chicago and became a naturalized American citizen in 1893. She never married. ...

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Baillie, Matthew (1761–1823), morbid anatomist and physician, was born on 27 October 1761 at Shotts manse, Lanarkshire, the second but only surviving son of James Baillie (c.1722–1778) and his wife, Dorothea (c.1721–1806). They had an elder daughter, and also one younger, ...

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Matthew Baillie (1761–1823) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, c. 1806 by permission of the Royal College of Physicians, London

Article

F. W. Andrewes

revised by E. M. Tansey

Bainbridge, Francis Arthur (1874–1921), physiologist, was born on 29 July 1874 at Stockton-on-Tees, co. Durham, the elder son of Robert Robinson Bainbridge, a chemist, and his wife, Mary Sanderson. Educated at the Leys School, Cambridge, where his contemporaries included Joseph Barcroft and Henry Dale...

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Banting, Sir Frederick Grant (1891–1941), physician and medical researcher, was born near the town of Alliston, Ontario, Canada, on 14 November 1891, the fourth son and fifth and youngest child of William Thompson Banting (1849–1929), a farmer of Irish descent, and his wife, ...

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John Barclay (1758–1826) by John Syme, 1816 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Barclay, John (1758–1826), anatomist, was born at Muthill, Perthshire, on 1 December 1758, the son of Lodowick Barclay, a farmer, and Margaret McIlwhannel. John Barclay (1733–1798), founder of the Berean confession in Edinburgh, was his uncle. In 1776 Barclay obtained a bursary in ...

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Barcroft, Henry (1904–1998), circulatory physiologist, was born on 18 October 1904 at 92 Chesterton Road, Cambridge, the elder of two sons of the distinguished physiologist Sir Joseph Barcroft (1872–1947), Cambridge professor, and his wife, Mary Agnetta (Minnie; 1875–1961), daughter of Sir Robert Ball...

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Barcroft, Sir Joseph (1872–1947), physiologist, was born on 26 July 1872 at The Glen, Newry, co. Down, Ireland, the second of the five children of Henry Barcroft (d. 1905), linen merchant and inventor, and his wife, Anna Richardson Malcolmson (1840–1924), daughter of ...

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Sir Joseph Barcroft (1872–1947) by Lafayette, 1933 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Sir Herbert Atkinson Barker (1869–1950) by Augustus John, 1916 © National Portrait Gallery, London