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Acland, Sir Henry Wentworth, first baronet (1815–1900), physician, was the fifth of the nine children and the fourth son of Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, tenth baronet (1787–1871), and Lydia Elizabeth Hoare (d. 1856). Born at the family home of Killerton, at Broadclyst...

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Sir Henry Wentworth Acland, first baronet (1815–1900) by Julia Margaret Cameron, 1867 Royal Photographic Society; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Addenbrooke, John (bap. 1681, d. 1719), physician and benefactor, was born at Kingswinford in Staffordshire, and baptized on 13 June 1681 at the parish church in West Bromwich, the only son of Samuel Addenbrooke, vicar of West Bromwich, and Matilda Porry of Wolverhampton...

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Francis Espinasse

revised by Claire L. Nutt

Addington, Anthony (1713–1790), physician, born on 13 December 1713, was the youngest son of Henry Addington (1659–1729), gentleman, of Twyford, Oxfordshire, and his second wife, Elizabeth (c.1670–1746), eldest daughter of Anthony and Joanna Watts of Sulgrave, Northamptonshire. He was sent as a scholar to ...

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Thomas Addison (1795–1860) by Alfred Hone, 1838 by permission of the Royal College of Physicians, London; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Addison, Thomas (1795–1860), physician, was born in April 1795 at Long Benton, near Newcastle upon Tyne, the younger son of Joseph Addison (1756–1823), a grocer and flour dealer, and his wife, Sarah, née Shaw (1761–1841). Educated privately and at Newcastle grammar school, Addison...

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See Caesar [formerly Adelmare], Sir Julius

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Norman Moore

revised by Patrick Wallis

Ainslie, Henry (1760–1834), physician, the second son of James Ainslie, a physician of Kendal, was born on 21 March 1760 at Carlisle, Cumberland. After a sound education in Kendal he entered Pembroke College, Cambridge, in 1777; he was senior wrangler and second Smith's prizeman in 1781, and became a fellow of his college in 1782. In 1787 he obtained the university licence to practise physic and was elected physician to ...

Article

Norman Moore

revised by Caroline Overy

Alcock, Nathan (1709–1779), physician, was born in Runcorn, Cheshire, the second son of David Alcock (bap. 1675, d. 1750?) and Mary (d. 1747), whose maiden name was Breck, and was a descendant of Bishop Alcock, founder of Jesus College, Cambridge. His brother was ...

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Aldis, Charles James Berridge (1808–1872), physician and public health reformer, and the eldest son of Sir Charles Aldis (1776–1863), surgeon, was born in London on 16 January 1808. He was educated at St Paul's School and matriculated from Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1828; he graduated BA (1831), MB (1832), and MA (1834). ...

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Alison, William Pulteney (1790–1859), physician and social reformer, born at Boroughmuirhead near Edinburgh on 12 November 1790, was the son of Archibald Alison (1757–1839), who was in charge of the Episcopal congregation in Edinburgh as well as being a noted author, and his wife, ...

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William Pulteney Alison (1790–1859) by John Henry Robinson, pubd 1849 (after George Richmond, 1847) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

H. D. Rolleston

revised by Alexander G. Bearn

Allbutt, Sir (Thomas) Clifford (1836–1925), physician, born at Dewsbury, Yorkshire, on 20 July 1836, was the only son of the Revd Thomas Allbutt, vicar of Dewsbury, and his wife, Marianne, daughter of Robert Wooler, of Dewsbury. Allbutt was sent to St Peter's School, York...

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Sir Thomas Clifford Allbutt (1836–1925) by Sir William Orpen, 1919–20 © Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge

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Alston, Sir Edward (1597–1669), physician, the eldest son and quite possibly the eldest child of the eight children of Edward Alston (d. 1651), a substantial yeoman of Edwardstone, Suffolk, and Margaret Penning (d. in or before 1648), daughter of Arthur Penning...

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Altounyan, Roger Edward Collingwood (1922–1987), physician, was born on 24 October 1922 at Aleppo, Syria, the only son and fourth of the five children of Ernest Haig Riddell Altounyan (1889–1962), surgeon, and his wife, Dora Susie (1886–1964), artist and daughter of William Gershom Collingwood (1854–1932)...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by Patrick Wallis

Alvey, Thomas (1645–1704), physician, was born in St Faith's parish, London, on 4 May 1645, the son of Thomas Alvey, a merchant tailor. He was educated at Merchant Taylors' School, London, and at Merton College, Oxford (BA 1662, MA 1667, BM 1669, DM 1671). He became a fellow of the ...

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Anderson, Elizabeth Garrett (1836–1917), physician, was born on 9 June 1836 at 1 Commercial Road, Whitechapel, London, the second of the nine children of Newson Garrett (1812–1893), grain merchant and maltster of Aldeburgh, Suffolk, and his wife, Louisa (1813–1903), daughter of John Dunnell...

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Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1836–1917) by Walery, c. 1889 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Andrews, Richard (bap. 1575, d. 1634), physician and poet, was baptized on 31 July 1575 at St Leonard Eastcheap, London, the second son of William Andrews (d. 1588), twice joint warden of the Butchers' Company, and his wife, Elizabeth Harrison, of the same parish. From ...