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Agnew, Sir James Willson (1815–1901), medical practitioner and politician in Tasmania, born at Ballyclare, co. Antrim, Ireland, on 2 October 1815, was the son of James William Agnew, a physician, and Ellen Stewart, of Larne, co. Antrim. Educated for the medical profession at ...

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Bland, William (1789–1868), medical practitioner and politician in Australia, was born in London on 5 November 1789, the second son of Dr Robert Bland (1740–1816). William was said to have attended the Merchant Taylors' School, but this has not been confirmed. Certainly, he was drawn to medicine and on 6 January 1809 qualified as a surgeon's mate in the ...

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Blomefylde [Blomefield], Myles (1525–1603), medical practitioner and alchemist, was born on 5 April 1525 in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, the son of John Blomefilde and his wife, Anne. He is said to have been a scholar at St John's College, Cambridge, but records show only that in 1552 the university awarded him a licence to practise medicine. His father died in 1549, leaving him and his mother as executors of a small estate. By 1559 he must have married and been resident in ...

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Bretnor, Thomas (1570/71–1618), astrologer and medical practitioner, was born in Bakewell, Derbyshire, and went to London about 1604, settling in the parish of St Sepulchre. Though he appears not to have attended university, he was fluent in Latin, French, and Spanish, and became a well-known figure in Jacobean ...

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Butler, Fanny Jane (1850–1889), physician and medical missionary, was born on 5 October 1850 at 6 Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, London, the eighth of the ten children of Thomas Butler (b. 1809), who worked at the British Museum, and his wife, Jane Isabella North...

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Casson, Elizabeth (1881–1954), medical practitioner, was born at Cae Derwen, Denbigh, on 14 April 1881, the sixth of seven children of Thomas Casson (1843–1911), bank manager, and his wife, Laura Ann, née Thomas (1843–1912). The actor and theatre director Sir Lewis Thomas Casson...

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Elizabeth Casson (1881–1954) by unknown photographer, c.1902 Dorset House Archive with permission from the Elizabeth Casson Trust

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Coelson [Colson], Lancelot (1627–1687?), astrologer and medical practitioner, was born on 25 March 1627 at Colchester. His astrological ‘accidents’ record that he married in 1645 (at the age of eighteen), but his wife's name is unknown. He was wounded fighting in Cromwell's Scottish campaign in 1650. By the mid-1650s he had settled in ...

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Cole, Robert Benjamin Ageh Wellesley (1907–1995), medical practitioner and author, was born in Pownall Street, Kossoh Town, Freetown, Sierra Leone, on 11 March 1907, the eldest child in the family of three sons and two daughters of Wilfred Sydney Wellesley Ageh Cole (1880–1943)...

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Dunn, Robert (1799–1877), general practitioner and psychologist, about whose early life little is known, studied in London at Guy's and St Thomas's hospitals, and became a licentiate of the Society of Apothecaries in 1825. He was made a member of the Royal College of Surgeons...

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Evans, John (b. 1594/5?, d. in or after 1659), astrologer and medical practitioner, was of Welsh origin. He was well educated and had obtained an MA degree by 1621. He was probably the John Evans of Flint who matriculated at Corpus Christi College, Oxford...

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Falconbridge, Alexander (c. 1760–1792), doctor and slavery abolitionist, whose family was associated with Bristol, where he grew up, spent twelve months in 1779–80 as a pupil in Bristol Infirmary. Too poor to start his own practice, he became a surgeon on board a slave ship—a potentially lucrative employment since surgeons received, as well as their salary, ...

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Fiske, Nicholas (1579–1659), astrologer and medical practitioner, was born on 22 July 1579 at Stadhaugh, in the parish of Laxfield, Suffolk, the oldest surviving son of Matthew and Elizabeth Fiske and from a long-established landed family. Though well educated, he chose to study astrology and physic at home instead of going to university. He was described as a 'licentiate in physick' and he practised medicine at ...

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Fletcher, Abraham (1714–1793), teacher of mathematics and medical practitioner, was born on 1 November 1714 at Little Broughton, Bridekirk, Cumberland, the eldest of seven children of Joseph Fletcher, a tobacco-pipe maker, and his wife, Elizabeth Palmer. He was largely self-educated, though he is said to have attended the village school for some months. He was intended to practise in his father's trade which, combined with some land that the family had inherited, offered a meagre income. In 1735 he married ...

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Norman Moore

revised by Michael Bevan

Fuller, Francis (1670–1706), medical practitioner, was born at Bristol, the second son of Francis Fuller (1636?–1701), nonconformist preacher, and his wife, Bridget. In 1687 he entered St John's College, Cambridge, where he graduated BA in 1691 and MA in 1704. He had severe hypochondriasis following his over-vigorous external treatment of an attack of itch. The hypochondriasis was accompanied by dyspepsia, and he cured himself by exercise on horseback and by emetics. This led him to write a book on the use of exercise in the treatment of disease, called ...

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Grace, William Gilbert [W. G.] (1848–1915), cricketer and medical practitioner, was born on 18 July 1848 at Clematis House, close to the family home of Downend House, Downend, Mangotsfield, near Bristol. He was the fourth son, in a family of nine, of Dr Henry Mills Grace (1808–1871)...

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William Gilbert Grace (1848–1915) by Archibald James Stuart Wortley, 1890 Marylebone Cricket Club, London / Bridgeman Art Library

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Grenfell, Sir Wilfred Thomason (1865–1940), medical missionary and social reformer, was born at Parkgate, Cheshire, on 28 February 1865, the second of the four sons of the Revd Algernon Sidney Grenfell (1836–1887), headmaster and proprietor of Mostyn House School, Parkgate, and later chaplain of the ...

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Sir Wilfred Thomason Grenfell (1865–1940) by Walter Stoneman, 1928 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hale, Cicely Bertha (1884–1981), suffragette and health visitor, was born on 5 September 1884 at 8 Sussex Gardens, Paddington, London, the youngest of the five surviving children of Charles Douglas Bowdich Hale (1850–1927), a general practitioner, and his wife, Bertha Maria, née Poole (1840–1937)...