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Abercromby, David (d. 1701?), physician and philosopher, most probably belonged to the Abercrombys of Seaton in the north-east of Scotland where he is believed to have been born. It is not known if Abercromby married or had children, although what survives of his biography makes marriage unlikely. Nothing is known of his parentage....

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Adams [formerly Adam], Francis (1796–1861), physician and classical scholar, was born on 13 March 1796 at Auchinhove, Lumphanan, Aberdeenshire, the son of James Adam, a small farmer and builder, and his wife, Elspet Black. He was educated at the parish school, winning a bursary to ...

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Frederick Matthias Alexander (1869–1955) by Anthony Ludovici, 1926 © Anthony Ludovici

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Alexander, Frederick Matthias (1869–1955), originator of the Alexander technique and teacher, was born on 20 January 1869 at Wynyard, north-west Tasmania, the eldest of seven children of John Alexander (1843–1936), farmer and blacksmith, and his wife, Betsy Brown (d. 1923), a nurse....

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Argentine, John (c. 1443–1508), physician and college head, was the most eminent of the first generation of Italian-trained doctors to return to a medical and academic career in England. He was born at Bottisham in Cambridgeshire, into a well-connected family; he entered Eton College...

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Askew, Anthony (bap. 1722, d. 1774), physician and book collector, was born in Kendal, Westmorland, where he was baptized on 7 May 1722, the son of Adam Askew, physician, and his wife, Anne Crackenthorp. In 1725 his family moved to Newcastle, where his father established a well-respected practice. ...

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Babington, Benjamin Guy (1794–1866), physician and orientalist, the fourth son of the physician and mineralogist William Babington (1756–1833) and his wife, Martha Elizabeth Babington, was born on 5 March 1794 in Guy's Hospital when his father was resident apothecary there. Educated at Charterhouse School...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by Patrick Wallis

Badham, Charles (1780–1845), physician and classical scholar, was born in London on 17 April 1780, the son of David Badham. After receiving a sound classical education he entered Edinburgh University, where he graduated MD in 1802 with a dissertation entitled 'De urina et calculis'...

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Barham, Thomas Foster (1794–1869), physician and classical scholar, was born at Hendon, Middlesex, on 10 September 1794, the eldest son of six children born to Thomas Foster Barham (1766–1844) and his wife, Mary Ann Morton. Among his brothers, William Foster Barham (1802–1845) was a writer, ...

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Beddoe, John (1826–1911), physician and anthropologist, was born in Bewdley, Worcestershire, on 21 September 1826, the son of John Beddoe JP, a merchant, and Emma, daughter of Henry Barrer Child of Bewdley. Educated at Bridgnorth School, he studied medicine at University College, London...

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Birkbeck, George (1776–1841), physician and educationist, was born in Settle, Yorkshire, on 10 January 1776, the second son in the family of four sons and one daughter of William Birkbeck (1745–1805), a Quaker merchant, manufacturer, and banker, and his wife, Sarah (1750–1790), daughter of ...

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Bond, John (c. 1550–1612), physician and classical scholar, is of unknown parentage. He was associated for the greater part of his life with Taunton, Somerset. He may have been related to George Bond of Trull, 2 miles south of Taunton, who became lord mayor of ...

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Borlase, Edmund (c. 1620–1682), historian and physician, was one of three sons of Sir John Borlase (c. 1576–1648), a Cornishman who was appointed master-general of the ordnance in Ireland in 1634 and served as joint lord justice there from 1641 to 1644, and his wife, ...

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Brady, Robert (c. 1627–1700), historian and physician, was born at Denver, near Downham Market, Norfolk, the son of Thomas Brady, attorney, and Mary, daughter of Thomas Whick of West Walton, Norfolk. He was educated at Downham School, under Mr Gilbert, and in 1644 was admitted as a sizar to ...

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Alfred Goodwin

revised by Sarah Annes Brown

Brewster, Thomas (b. 1705), physician and translator, was born on 18 September 1705 in Eardisland, Herefordshire, the son of Benjamin Brewster (bap. 1674), and his wife, Anne Whittington. He was educated at Merchant Taylors' School, and was admitted to St John's College, Oxford...

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Bright, Timothy (1549/50–1615), physician and writer on shorthand, was the son of William Bright (d. 1592), possibly the William Bright who was mayor of Cambridge in 1571. Sheffield, Yorkshire, has been given as his birthplace, but Bright himself stated that he was born and educated in ...

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Brown, Dame Edith Mary (1864–1956), medical missionary and founder of the North India School of Medicine for Christian Women, was born on 24 March 1864 at Bank Buildings, 10A Coats Lane, Whitehaven, Cumberland. One of six children, she was the second of three daughters born to ...

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Buck, Sir Peter Henry [called Te Rangi Hiroa] (1877?–1951), anthropologist and physician, was born in Urenui, Taranaki province, New Zealand. There is uncertainty over his birth date since it was not registered. Buck believed that he was born in 1880, but October 1877, the date recorded in his primary school register, is probably more accurate. His father, ...

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Bullokar, John (bap. 1574, d. 1627), physician and lexicographer, was born in St Andrew's parish, Chichester, Sussex, and was baptized there on 8 November 1574, the third of four known children of William Bullokar (c. 1531–1609) and his wife, Elizabeth, née Diggons (...

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John Bulwer (bap. 1606, d. 1656) by T. Berry, pubd 1820 (after William Faithorne the elder) © National Portrait Gallery, London