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Adair, Gilbert Smithson (1896–1979), physiologist, was born on 21 September 1896 in Whitehaven, the elder child and only son of Harold Adair, manager of an iron ore mine in Cumberland, and his wife, Anna Mary Jackson, from Garstang. The family later moved to nearby ...

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Ashby, Henry (1846–1908), paediatrician, was born on 8 March 1846 at Carshalton, Surrey, the son of John Ashby, miller, and his wife, Charlotte Gibbard, both members of the Religious Society of Friends. Educated first at Ackworth School, near Pontefract, and from 1864 at the ...

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Barcroft, Sir Joseph (1872–1947), physiologist, was born on 26 July 1872 at The Glen, Newry, co. Down, Ireland, the second of the five children of Henry Barcroft (d. 1905), linen merchant and inventor, and his wife, Anna Richardson Malcolmson (1840–1924), daughter of ...

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Sir Joseph Barcroft (1872–1947) by Lafayette, 1933 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barry, Martin (1802–1855), microscopist and embryologist, was born on 28 March 1802 at Fratton, Hampshire, one of three or more children whose father had a mercantile concern in Nova Scotia, with ships trading along the coast and with the West Indies. Barry received a liberal education and, following his father's death, which left him with independent means, he spent some time with a relative in the ...

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Bell, Jacob (1810–1859), pharmacist and politician, was born on 5 March 1810 at 338 Oxford Street, London, the eldest surviving son of John Bell (1774–1849), pharmacist, and his wife, Eliza (d. 1839), daughter of Frederick Smith, pharmacist of the Haymarket, London, and his wife, ...

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Bentham, Ethel (1861–1931), physician and politician, was born on 5 January 1861 at 82 King William Street, City of London, one of at least two daughters of William Bentham, an inspector and later general manager of the Standard Life Assurance Company, and his wife, ...

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Bevan, Silvanus (1691–1765), apothecary, was born in Swansea on 28 October 1691, the second son of Silvanus Bevan (1661–1727) and his wife, Jane, née Phillips. The descendant of influential and prosperous Welsh Quakers (his grandfather had been a Swansea alderman and a merchant), ...

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Birkbeck, George (1776–1841), physician and educationist, was born in Settle, Yorkshire, on 10 January 1776, the second son in the family of four sons and one daughter of William Birkbeck (1745–1805), a Quaker merchant, manufacturer, and banker, and his wife, Sarah (1750–1790), daughter of ...

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Blaschko, Hugh [formerly Karl Felix Hermann] (1900–1993), biochemist and pharmacologist, was born on 4 January 1900 in Friedrichstrasse, Berlin, the only son and second of the three children of Alfred Blaschko (1858–1922), dermatologist and venereologist, and his wife, Johanna (1873–1943), daughter of ...

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[Anon.]

revised by Michael Bevan

Bradley, Thomas (1751?–1813), physician, was a native of Worcestershire, where for some time he ran a school. He was recognized as being a skilled mathematician and was a member of the Society of Friends. About 1786 he gave up teaching and, deciding on a career in medicine, went to ...

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Brady, Henry Bowman (1835–1891), naturalist and pharmacist, was born on 23 February 1835 at Gateshead, the son of Henry Brady (1805–1883), a medical practitioner and amateur naturalist, and his wife, Hannah Bowman (1802–1872) of One Ash Grange, Derbyshire. His older brother, George Stewardson Brady...

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Brain, Walter Russell, first Baron Brain (1895–1966), physician and medical administrator, was born at Clovelly, Denmark Road, Reading, on 23 October 1895, the only son and elder child of Walter John Brain, solicitor, and his wife, Edith Alice, daughter of Charles Smith, architect. At ...

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Brocklesby, Richard (1722–1797), physician, was the only son of Richard Brocklesby (d. c.1763), of Cork, and his wife, Mary Alloway, of Minehead, Somerset, in which town Brocklesby was born on 11 August 1722. He received his early education in his father's house and, as both parents were Quakers, he was sent at the age of twelve to a Quaker school at ...

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G. T. Bettany

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Brown, Joseph (1784–1868), physician, was born at North Shields in September 1784, the son of a respected member of the Society of Friends. He studied medicine at Edinburgh and also in London, and though brought up as a Quaker he entered the Army Medical Service...

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See Doubleday, Henry

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Clark, Alfred Joseph (1885–1941), pharmacologist, was born on 19 August 1885 in Northover, near Glastonbury, Somerset, the elder son and second of four children of Francis Joseph Clark, partner in C. and J. Clark Ltd (shoe manufacturers at Street, Somerset), and his wife, ...

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Clark, Hilda (1881–1955), physician and humanitarian aid worker, was born on 12 January 1881 at Green Bank, Street, Somerset, the youngest of the six children of William Stephens Clark (1839–1925), shoe manufacturer and social reformer, and Helen Priestman Clark (1840–1927), daughter of John Bright (1811–1889)...

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Corbyn, Thomas (1711–1791), pharmaceutical chemist, was born on 13 February 1711 in Worcester, the son of John Corbyn and his wife, Candia, daughter of John and Cecilia Handley of Pontypool. His parents were members of the Society of Friends. He was apprenticed for eight years from September 1728 to ...

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Creak, (Eleanor) Mildred (1898–1993), child psychiatrist, was born on 11 August 1898 in Swann Lane, Cheadle Hulme, Stockport, Cheshire, the elder daughter of Robert Brown Creak, mill engineer, and his wife, Ellen, née McCrossan. She knew from an early age that she wanted to be a doctor and work with children. She entered the ...