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Channing, John (c. 1703–1775), apothecary and Arabist, was born in London, the first child of John Channing (d. 1725), a London apothecary, and his first wife, Elizabeth (d. 1705), daughter of Robert Erle of Sturminster Marshall, Dorset. Channing was apprenticed to his father on 5 August 1718, and was made a freeman of the ...

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Samuel Dale (bap. 1659, d. 1739) by George Vertue, 1737 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

G. S. Boulger

revised by Juanita Burnby

Dale, Samuel (bap. 1659, d. 1739), apothecary and physician, son of North Dale (bap. 1618), silk-thrower, and his wife, Christian, was baptized on 15 August 1659 at St Olave's, Hart Street, London. Dale was apprenticed for eight years to Thomas Wells, a ...

Article

Eno, James Crossley (1827/8–1915), manufacturer of patent medicine, was born in Newcastle, the son of James Eno (c.1793–1829), a general shopkeeper, and his wife, Elizabeth (1792/3–1874), daughter of John Jackson. After leaving school, he was apprenticed to a Newcastle retail chemist, and in 1846 became a dispenser at the infirmary there at ...

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George Gibson (1885–1953) by Bassano © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gibson, George (1885–1953), trade unionist and mental health worker, was born at 98 Cumberland Street, Glasgow, on 3 April 1885, the third son and seventh of the eleven children of Johnston Robertson Gibson (b. 1847), outdoor labourer, oil merchant, and tobacconist, and his wife, ...

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John Lawson Johnston (1839–1900) by Elliott & Fry, pubd 1900 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Johnston, John Lawson (1839–1900), nutrition promoter and food manufacturer, was born in Roslin, Midlothian, Scotland, on 28 September 1839, the eldest son of William Johnston and his wife, Jane, née McWilliam. His father was employed in the nearby gunpowder works until he was injured, after which he worked as a cobbler. ...

Article

Kranich, Burchard [known as Dr Burcot] (d. 1578), physician and mining entrepreneur, came from southern Germany (‘High Almain’); his name suggests that he was from Kronach, upper Franconia, near the mining area of the Erzgebirge. He is first heard of in '...

Article

Norman Moore

revised by Michael Bevan

Quincy, John (d. 1722), apothecary and physician, was apprenticed to an apothecary, and afterwards practised as an apothecary in London. He was a dissenter and a whig, a friend of Richard Mead, and an enemy of John Woodward. In 1717 he published a ...

Article

Russell, William (1634–c. 1696), chemical physician and apothecary, about whom details of family background remain obscure, was in all likelihood the brother of Richard Russell, a practitioner in chymical medicine and translator of alchemical works, with whom he ran a pharmacy business in ...

Article

Wood, Sir Matthew, first baronet (1768–1843), druggist and politician, was born at Tiverton on 2 June 1768, the eldest of the ten children of William Wood (1738–1809), serge maker, and his wife, Catherine, née Cluse (d. 1798). Matthew, who was brought up as a dissenter, received a brief education at ...