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Farnham, Nicholas of (d. 1257), royal doctor and bishop of Durham, was a native of the south of England, probably of Farnham in Surrey. It is likely that he was born in the reign of Henry II, and before 1200 had started his academic career at ...

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Fraizer, Sir Alexander, first baronet (1607?–1681), physician and courtier, was the son of Adam Fraser, second son of Thomas Fraser of Durris in Kincardineshire; his mother belonged to the family of Duff of Drummure. Educated at Aberdeen, his Montpellier MD (1635) was incorporated at ...

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Sir William Knighton, first baronet (1776–1836) by Charles Turner, pubd 1823 (after Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1822–3) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Knighton, Sir William, first baronet (1776–1836), courtier and physician, son of William Knighton, was born at Bere Ferrers, Devon. His family had an estate at Grenofen, Whitchurch, Devon, but his father was disinherited, and, dying very early, left his widow in poverty. Knighton...

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John Mackenzie (1803–1886) by J. Collier, 1867 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Mackenzie, John (1803–1886), physician and landowner, was born in Scotland on 23 November 1803, the fourth of the five sons of Sir Hector Mackenzie of Gairloch, fourth baronet (1758–1826), and his second wife, Christian, née Henderson. He was educated at Edinburgh University, graduating as a physician (DM) in 1824, and as a surgeon in 1825; he became a lifelong friend of ...

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Somerset, John (d. 1454), physician and courtier, was a Londoner by birth. His origins are obscure, although he may have been related to Robert Somerset, a London draper active during the late fourteenth century. That his sister, Alice, became prioress of Wintney, Hampshire...