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Robert Edmond Grant (1793–1874) by Thomas Herbert Maguire, 1852 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Grant, Robert Edmond (1793–1874), comparative anatomist and transmutationist, was born in Edinburgh on 11 November 1793. He was the seventh son in the family of twelve sons and two daughters of Alexander Grant (d. 1808), a wealthy writer to the signet, and ...

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Harris, Sir Henry (1925–2014), cell biologist, was born in Potchep, Russia, on 28 January 1925, the son of Sam and Ann Khoros, Russian Jewish immigrants. He never spoke of his origins and his autobiography started at the age of four with ‘my earliest memories’ in ...

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Harrison, Sir Richard John (1920–1999), anatomist and marine biologist, was born on 8 October 1920 at 30 Carson Road, Norwood, London, the son of Geoffrey Arthur Harrison, reader in chemical pathology at London University (St Bartholomew's), and Theodora Beatrice Mary, née West. From ...

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Loutit, John Freeman (1910–1992), radiobiologist and haematologist, was born on 19 February 1910 at 16 Almondbury Road, Mount Lawley, Perth, Western Australia, the only child of John Freeman Loutit (1868–1950), a mechanical and locomotive engineer, and his wife, Margaret Gould, née Broadfoot (1878–1971)...

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Macdonald, Sir John Denis (1826–1908), naval medical officer and biologist, born at Cork on 26 October 1826, was the youngest son of James Macdonald, an artist, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of Denis McCarthy of Kilcoleman, co. Cork. His father was the representative of the ...

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Neuberger, Michael Samuel (1953–2013), molecular biologist and immunologist, was born on 2 November 1953 at 38 Cheniston Gardens, Kensington, London, the fourth son of Albert Neuberger (1908–1996), a distinguished biochemist, and his Swiss wife, Lilian Ida, née Dreyfus (1912–2007). At the time of his birth registration the family lived at ...

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Pawson, Anthony James [Tony] (1952–2013), biologist and cancer researcher, was born on 18 October 1952 at the West Kent General Hospital, Maidstone, the second son and youngest of three children of Henry Anthony (Tony) Pawson (1921–2012), sportsman, businessman, and journalist, and his wife, ...

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See Williamson, George Scott

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Smith, Audrey Ursula (1915–1981), medical scientist and cryobiologist, was born in India on 21 May 1915, and baptized at Chindwara, India, one of the two children of Alan Kenyon Smith, of the Indian Civil Service, and Gertrude May Smith.

Audrey Smith entered King's College, London...

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Audrey Ursula Smith (1915–1981) by unknown photographer, c. 1950 National Institute for Medical Research

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Stoker, Sir Michael George Parke (1918–2013), virologist and cell biologist, was born on 4 July 1918 at French Weir House, Taunton, Somerset, the eldest of three children of Stanley Parke Stoker (1889–1964), a physician from the protestant Irish community in Cork, and his wife, ...

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Dame Janet Maria Vaughan (1899–1993) by Elliott & Fry, 1945 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Vaughan [married name Gourlay], Dame Janet Maria (1899–1993), haematologist and radiobiologist, was born on 18 October 1899 at 4 Albert Road, Clifton, Bristol, the eldest of the four children of William Wyamar Vaughan (1865–1938), schoolmaster, and his first wife, Margaret, née Symonds (1869–1925)...

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Warner [née Brooks], Anne Elizabeth (1940–2012), physiologist and developmental biologist, was born on 25 August 1940 at Redhill County Hospital, Edgware, Middlesex, the only child of James Frederick Crompton Brooks (1914–1996), an engineer then serving as a technical costs officer in the ...

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Anne Elizabeth Warner (1940–2012) by unknown photographer, c.1968 © The Royal Society

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Joseph Sidney Weiner (1915–1982) by unknown photographer, early 1970s Institute of Biological Anthropology

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Weiner, Joseph Sidney (1915–1982), human biologist and environmental physiologist, was born on 29 June 1915 at Nourse Mines in Johannesburg, Transvaal, South Africa, the second of the seven children of Robert Weiner (1885–1966), general dealer, and his wife Fanny (Chana), née Simon (1896–1978)...

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Williamson, George Scott (1883–1953), medical practitioner and biologist, was born on 19 June 1883 in Ladybank, Fife, the eldest of ten children of David Williamson, a merchant seaman and later ship's captain, and his wife, Jane Theresa, née Short. He grew up in ...

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George Scott Williamson (1883–1953) by unknown photographer, c. 1946 [Williamson with Innes Pearse and Mary Langman (their personal secretary)] © Peckham Health Centre/Wellcome Library, London